Wednesday, June 15, 2022

Prajnaparamita-18K - Chapter 33 - Untainted Dedication - 333

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The Transcendent Perfection of Wisdom
in Eighteen Thousand Lines - 333
Daśa­sāhasrikā­prajñā­pāramitā

– Chapter 33 - Untainted Dedication –

Source: https://read.84000.co/translation/toh10.html

More Analysis of Mahayana Sutras : https://www.gilehtblog.com/2022/07/toc-400.html

[Note: The two truths are:
T1: conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances / tools / adapted skillful means, merely labeled / imputed / imagined / created by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma (in cycle), not completely non-existence;
T2: emptiness of inherent existence, not real existence;
U2T: those two truths, like any other pair of apparent opposites, are inseparable, interdependent, co-defined, co-relative, co-dependent, co-emergent, co-evolving, co-ceasing / co-transcended, in harmony, in 'Union' <==> thus empty of inherent existence.
They are tools to help us to get to the 'inconceivable' by refuting what 'Reality as it is' is not:
all extreme views like: existence / dharma / causality / functionality, non-existence / non-dharma / non-causality / non-functionality, both together, neither; difference / manyness / diversity / duality, identity / oneness / sameness / non-duality, both together, neither; permanence / continuity / eternity, impermanence / discontinuity / annihilation, both together, neither; individuality, collectivity, universality, a combination of those, none of those; subjectivity, relation / action / process, objectivity, a combination of those, none of those; the 1st truth alone / dependent origination [T1], the 2nd truth alone / mere-emptiness [T2], both two truths together as if different and in opposition [2T], neither of the two truths as if identical and one [1T,]; ‘this’, ‘non-this’, both together, neither – for whatever ‘this’ is.
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The three spheres: ex.
i. The subject / actor / goer / perceiver / knower / acquirer / owner,
ii. The relation / action / going / perceiving / knowing / acquiring / having
iii. The object / result / destination / perceived / known / acquired / possessions / karma / 5 aggregates / body & speech & mind.
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Generalisations:
Whenever it is possible the comments of each section are expressed into a more global context. So they always cover more than just what is said in the various translations. The goal is to make the Big Picture more evident.
-
Note: All comments within (i.e. …) or [...] are from the commentator (me), not the translators.)


[Back to Résumés of chapters 1-41]

33. DEDICATION – Untainted Dedication – Bodhisattvas should dedicate their wholesome roots like this by way of not apprehending anything. Dedicating without dedicating, without any attachment / fixation / absolutes.

(i.e. Résumé: Untainted Dedication – Bodhisattvas should dedicate their wholesome roots like this by way of not apprehending anything. Dedicating without dedicating, without any attachment / fixation / absolutes.
-
The highest, the most excellent, the foremost, the best, the most superb, sublime, unsurpassed, and unrivaled dedication – because it is not merely personal / egoistic, but for the benefits of all sentient beings; because it is non-dual.
-
Dedicating without dedicating:
Dedicating the basis of meritorious action to unsurpassed / perfect / complete awakening
– i.e. for the benefits of all sentient beings, for disciplining all beings, for calming all beings, for the complete nirvāṇa of all beings –
by way of not apprehending anything, in a non-dual way, by way of no causal sign, in an untainted way, by way of not doing anything in absolute terms, without any attachment / fixations / absolutes.
-
That is acting without acting,
but without any grasping / attachment / apprehension / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points / absolutes;
without falling into any extreme or middle;
without any duality / di-vision between subject & object & action, cause & causality & effect, right & wrong, movement & rest, samsara & nirvana;
more and more in accord with the Middle Way: not accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / improving / doing in absolute terms, not rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively;
thus more and more in accord with the transcendent perfection of wisdom;
more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is;
more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T]
beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
-
Because all dharmas are empty of inherent existence [T2], not really existent / caused / functional <==> because conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances / tools / adapted skillful means [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind (mere designations) [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-caused / non-functional / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T].
Because all dharmas are like illusions, reflections, mirages, dreams, echos, magical tricks: 'There, but not there.' [U2T].
All dharmas are not existent, not non-existent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth; not different / separate / multiple / dual, not identical / united / one / non-dual, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth; not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous / annihilated, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth; not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for whatever 'this' is.
Meaning indescribable / inconceivable for our flawed dualistic conceptual conditioned ordinary mind(s); beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
-
Without having resorted to the perfection of wisdom [U2T] it is not possible to dedicate the bases of meritorious action."
-
"Bodhisattvas with skillful means dedicate those wholesome roots to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening
in an untainted way, by way of not apprehending anything, by way of no causal sign, by way of not doing anything.
The dedication done like this without asserting 'two' or 'not two' is a great dedication."
-
"One creates a lot more merit when dedicating like that.")

Then the bodhisattva great being Maitreya said to the elder Subhūti,

  • "Venerable monk Subhūti,
    when the basis of meritorious action arisen from a bodhisattva great being's rejoicing that has been made into something shared in common by all beings
    ___________________________________________________________________
    has been dedicated to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening‍_____
    — and dedicated, furthermore, by way of not apprehending anything —
    ____________________________________________________________________
    that basis of meritorious action arisen from a bodhisattva great being's rejoicing that has been made into something shared in common by all beings and dedicated to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening
    is the highest, the most excellent, the foremost, the best, the most superb, sublime, unsurpassed,
    and unrivaled in comparison to the bases of meritorious action arisen from all beings' rejoicing,
    and in comparison to the bases of meritorious action arisen from giving,
    the bases of meritorious action arisen from morality, and
    the bases of meritorious action arisen from meditation of those who have set out in the Śrāvaka Vehicle and those who have set out in the Pratyekabuddha Vehicle.
    -
    And why?
    -
    Because all the bases of meritorious action arisen from giving, arisen from morality,
    and arisen from meditation of those in the Śrāvaka Vehicle and those in the Pratyekabuddha Vehicle
    are made for personal disciplining, for personal calming, and for a personal complete nirvāṇa;
    the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening,
    up to emptiness, signlessness, and wishlessness
    are for personal disciplining, personal calming, and a personal complete nirvāṇa,
    _________________________________________________________________
    but that basis of meritorious action arisen from a bodhisattva's rejoicing______
    is for disciplining all beings, for calming all beings,______________________
    and for the complete nirvāṇa of all beings,_____________________________
    because it has been dedicated to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening."
    _________________________________________________________________

Then venerable Subhūti said to the bodhisattva great being Maitreya,

  • "There are the wholesome roots endowed with the six perfections of all the infinite, countless, immeasurable lord buddhas in each of the world systems in infinite, countless world systems in the eastern direction who have passed into complete nirvāṇa, starting from when they first produced the thought, up to when they fully awakened to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening, up to complete nirvāṇa in the element of nirvāṇa without any aggregates left behind, during the lasting of their good Dharma up to its disappearance.
    There are the bases of meritorious action arisen from giving, arisen from morality, and arisen from meditation of those śrāvakas of theirs in the Śrāvaka Vehicle and those pratyekabuddhas of theirs in the Pratyekabuddha Vehicle and the wholesome roots without outflows of their trainees and non-trainees.
    There are the aggregates of morality, aggregates of meditative stabilization, aggregates of wisdom, aggregates of liberation, and aggregates of knowledge and seeing of liberation of those tathāgatas;
    and there are the wholesome roots planted by wishes to benefit, great compassion, and the infinite, countless buddha-dharmas, those planted by the Dharma teachings those lord buddhas gave and those planted, on account of those Dharma teachings, by those who reached the result of stream enterer, up to the state of a worthy one, up to those who reached a pratyekabuddha's awakening, and those who have entered into the secure state of a bodhisattva.
    -
    Bodhisattva great beings,
    having compressed together all those wholesome roots that those tathāgatas, present or in complete nirvāṇa, produced,
    rejoice in them with the highest rejoicing,
    rejoice with the best, superb, sublime, loftiest, unsurpassed, unrivaled, unequaled, equal to the unequaled rejoicing,
    and, having made the wholesome root arisen from that rejoicing into something shared in common by all beings,
    they dedicate it to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening
    with the thought, 'May this foster unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.'

  • [Question:] Maitreya,
    when those bodhisattvas in the Great Vehicle mentally dedicate like that, as explained,
    do those objective supports and entities,
    the objective supports and entities that have produced that state of mind, exist,
    or are they apprehended as are the causal signs a son of a good family has grasped?"

The bodhisattva great being Maitreya replied,

  • "Venerable monk Subhūti,
    _________________________________________________________________
    those objective supports and entities______________________________
    do not [inherently] exist and are not apprehended [in absolute terms]
    _________________________________________________________________
    any more than the causal signs those sons of a good family in the Great Vehicle
    grasp and dedicate to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening."


[Question:] Subhūti then asked, 435

  • "If, with those objective supports that do not exist and those entities that do not exist,
    having grasped the causal marks of those lord buddhas standing in all the vast world systems in the ten directions,
    they compress together all those wholesome roots starting from when they first produced the thought up to the disappearance of their good Dharma, together with all the wholesome roots of their trainees and non-trainees in the Śrāvaka Vehicle, and dedicate them to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening,
    -
    would it not be just as it is with the wrong perception, wrong thought, wrong view of impermanence as permanent, suffering as 'happiness,' selflessness as 'self,' and the unpleasant as 'pleasant'?
    -
    And if, just as it is with the entities and how it is with the objective supports too, awakening is like that;
    if thought is like that;
    if the perfection of giving, perfection of morality, perfection of patience, perfection of perseverance, perfection of concentration, and perfection of wisdom are like that;
    if the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening are like that;
    and if the tathāgata powers, the fearlessnesses, the detailed and thorough knowledges, and the eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha are like that as well,
    -
    then what would the entities there be,
    what would the objective supports be,
    what would meditative stabilization be,
    what would thought be,
    what would the wholesome roots be,
    what would thought arisen from rejoicing be,
    and what would dedication to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening be?"

"Venerable monk Subhūti," replied Maitreya,

  • "if those bodhisattva great beings again and again practice the six perfections, attend on many buddhas, produce wholesome roots, are assisted by spiritual friends, and again and again train in all dharmas empty of their own marks,
    -
    ___________________________________________________________________
    they dedicate them to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening_____
    without grasping___________________________________________________
    the causal signs of those entities,________________________________________
    those objective supports,______________________________________________
    those lord buddhas, those wholesome roots,______________________________
    or those bases of meritorious action arisen from rejoicing.__________________
    ___________________________________________________________________
    They dedicate them in a non-dual way, in a way free from causal marks,
    as they really are without dedicating them____________________________
    by way of apprehending or by way of not apprehending,____________________
    by way of defilement or by way of purification, or_________________________
    by way of production or by way of cessation.______________________________
    ____________________________________________________________________
    -
    If those bodhisattva great beings have not trained in the six perfections, have not attended on many buddhas, have not produced wholesome roots, are not assisted by spiritual friends, and have not trained in all dharmas empty of their own marks, they grasp the causal signs of those entities, those objective supports, those wholesome roots, and those bases of meritorious action arisen from rejoicing and dedicate them to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.

  • [Warning:] "Venerable monk Subhūti,
    you should not give an exposition of this doctrine of the perfection of wisdom that has been explained like this
    in the presence of bodhisattvas who have newly set out in the vehicle,
    -
    and similarly you should not explain the perfection of concentration, perfection of perseverance, perfection of patience, perfection of morality, and perfection of giving, or explain inner emptiness, up to the emptiness that is the non-existence of an intrinsic nature.
    -
    And why?
    -
    Because even the smidgeon of faith, smidgeon of serene confidence, smidgeon of liking, and smidgeon of veneration they have will disappear.
    -
    The exposition and explanation have to be given
    in the presence of bodhisattvas irreversible from awakening,
    and the teaching should be up to dharmas [T1] being empty of their own marks [T2] [U2T].
    Having heard things like that, those bodhisattva great beings will not tremble, feel frightened, or become terrified.
    If they have been assisted by spiritual friends, served the victors of the past well, produced wholesome roots, and attended on many buddhas, they will be, venerable monk Subhūti,
    those whose bases of meritorious action arisen from rejoicing
    will be dedicated in that way to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening."

"Maitreya," said Subhūti,

  • "the thought that does the rejoicing and dedication [T1]
    is a thought that is extinguished, stopped, non-existent, and has run out [T2] [U2T].
    -
    And those entities and those objective supports, those wholesome roots, and those bases of meritorious action arisen from rejoicing [T1] are extinguished, stopped, non-existent, and have run out [T2] [U2T].
    -
    So, what, then, is the thought arisen from rejoicing,
    what are those entities,
    what are those objective supports,
    and what are those wholesome roots,
    and what is dedication to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening?
    Does thought dedicate 436 thought?
    If thought were to dedicate thought, there would be no coming together of two thoughts.
    The intrinsic nature of thought [T2] cannot be dedicated [in absolute terms] [U2T]."

Maitreya replied,

  • "When bodhisattva great beings practicing the perfection of wisdom thus know
    the perfection of wisdom [T1] is a non-existent thing [T2] [U2T];
    -
    the perfection of concentration, perfection of perseverance, perfection of patience, perfection of morality, and perfection of giving are non-existent things;
    form is a non-existent thing;
    feeling, perception, volitional factors, and consciousness are non-existent things,
    the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening are non-existent things;
    the tathāgata powers, fearlessnesses, detailed and thorough knowledges, and eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha are non-existent things;
    and awakening [T1] is a non-existent thing [T2] [U2T],
    -
    such bodhisattva great beings will be those whose bases of meritorious action arisen from rejoicing
    will be dedicated in that way to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.
    If dedicated like that, it is a dedication to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening."


[Questions:] The bodhisattva Maitreya then asked the elder Subhūti,

  • "Venerable monk Subhūti, when bodhisattva great beings who have newly set out in the vehicle
    hear this doctrine
    would they not tremble, feel frightened, and become terrified?
    -
    Venerable monk Subhūti,
    how then could bodhisattva great beings newly set out in the vehicle dedicate those wholesome roots?
    -
    And even if they have appropriated those bases of meritorious action arisen from rejoicing,
    how will they dedicate those wholesome roots to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening?"

"Maitreya," replied Subhūti,

  • "when bodhisattva great beings practicing the perfection of wisdom who have newly set out in the vehicle
    take up that perfection of wisdom [T2] it is by way of not apprehending anything [T2] [U2T], not by way of a causal sign;
    and similarly, when practicing the perfection of concentration . . . the perfection of perseverance . . . the perfection of patience . . . the perfection of morality . . . and the perfection of giving they take up the perfection of giving by way of not apprehending anything, not by way of a causal sign.
    When they are practicing inner emptiness and take up inner emptiness it is by way of not apprehending anything, not by way of a causal sign;
    when they are practicing . . . up to the emptiness that is the non-existence of an intrinsic nature and take up the emptiness that is the non-existence of an intrinsic nature it is by way of not apprehending anything, not by way of a causal sign;
    when they are practicing the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening and take up the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening it is by way of not apprehending anything, not by way of a causal sign;
    and when they are practicing the ten powers, four fearlessnesses, four detailed and thorough knowledges, and eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha and take them up it is by way of not apprehending anything, not by way of a causal sign.

  • "Thus they come to have more belief in the perfection of wisdom;
    come to have more belief in the perfection of concentration, perfection of perseverance, perfection of patience, perfection of morality, and perfection of giving;
    come to have more belief in inner emptiness;
    come to have more belief in . . .
    up to the emptiness that is the non-existence of an intrinsic nature;
    come to have more belief in the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening; and
    come to have more belief in the ten powers, four fearlessnesses, four detailed and thorough knowledges, and eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha.
    -
    Spiritual friends also look after them,
    and spiritual friends teach both the meaning and the words of just that perfection of wisdom,
    up to the perfection of giving as well.
    -
    No matter what, they teach so they are not separated from the perfection of wisdom up until entering into the secure state of a bodhisattva,
    and similarly, so that there is no separation from all the perfections up until entering into the secure state of a bodhisattva,
    and so that they are not separated from all the emptinesses, the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening, the powers, the fearlessnesses, the detailed and thorough knowledges, and the eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha.
    They point out the work of Māra, and, having heard about those works of Māra from them, no decrease happens and no increase happens.
    And why?
    Because those works of Māra cannot be apprehended through their intrinsic nature.
    They are not separated from the lord buddhas up until they have entered into the secure state of a bodhisattva.
    They plant wholesome roots in relation to them, and on account of these wholesome roots they grasp the bodhisattva lineage 437
    and never leave the bodhisattva lineage up until fully awakening to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.

  • "Furthermore, Maitreya, bodhisattva great beings who have newly set out in the vehicle
    should compress together the merit accumulations and the wholesome roots
    planted by the lord buddhas whose path has come to an end, whose thought constructions and cravings for existence have been cut off, for whom the path of speech has ended, 438 and who have laid down their burden, have removed the thorns, have cut the fetters that bind to becoming, and are freed by knowledge of sameness‍ — the tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfectly complete buddhas dwelling and maintaining themselves in infinite, countless world systems in the ten directions;
    those planted by the śrāvakas of those lord buddhas,
    as well as those wholesome roots planted in relation to them;
    and the wholesome roots planted in the great sāla tree–like royal families in the world, the great sāla tree–like brahmin families, the great sāla tree–like business families in the world, the Cāturmahā­rājika gods, up to and the Śuddhāvāsa gods.
    ___________________________________________________________________
    They should compress them all together and collect them into one and weigh it,
    and having done so they should rejoice in it with the highest rejoicing________
    and dedicate the bases of meritorious action arisen from that rejoicing_______
    with the most excellent, foremost, best, most superb,_______________________
    and most sublime rejoicing to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening."____
    ___________________________________________________________________


Maitreya then asked,

  • "Venerable monk Subhūti, when bodhisattva great beings who have newly set out in the vehicle
    consider the wholesome roots planted by the lord buddhas and their śrāvaka saṅghas
    and rejoice with the highest rejoicing, rejoice with . . . up to unrivaled rejoicing,
    and dedicate it to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening,
    how do those bodhisattva great beings not have a wrong perception, wrong thought, and wrong view?"

"Maitreya," replied Subhūti,

  • "if bodhisattva great beings, while focusing on the lord buddhas and their śrāvaka saṅghas as is their habit,
    have no notion of buddha,
    have no notion of wholesome roots,
    and have no notion of a thought doing the dedication,
    _______________________________________________________
    bodhisattva great beings making such a dedication____________
    will not have a wrong perception, wrong thought, or wrong view.
    _______________________________________________________

  • "If, while considering the lord buddhas and those wholesome roots, bodhisattva great beings
    grasp a causal sign,
    and, having grasped a causal sign,
    rejoice and dedicate like that to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening,
    they will have a wrong perception, thought, and view.

  • "If bodhisattva great beings understand the lord buddhas, those wholesome roots,
    and the thoughts that habitually focus, and that are extinguished, as extinguished;
    and understand that what has been extinguished cannot be dedicated;
    and understand the thought with which the dedication is done,
    and its dharmic nature, and understand that what it is being dedicated to and its true dharmic nature are like that too‍ —
    if bodhisattva great beings have dedicated like that it is a conforming dedication 439
    and it is a perfect dedication,
    not a non-conforming dedication and
    not a distorted dedication,
    so the dedication should be done like that.

  • "If bodhisattva great beings compress together the wholesome roots that past, future, and present lord buddhas,
    up to 440 ordinary persons have planted;
    the wholesome roots planted by listening to Dharma teachings and planted by the gods, nāgas, yakṣas, gandharvas, asuras, garuḍas, kinnaras, and mahoragas in relation to that; the wholesome roots planted by the great sāla tree–like royal families, great sāla tree–like brahmin families, great sāla tree–like business families, and the Cāturmahā­rājika gods listening to the Dharma;
    and all the productions of the thought of unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening‍ —
    -
    and if, having compressed them all together and collected them into one and weighed it,
    they rejoice in it with the highest rejoicing, rejoice with the most excellent, foremost, best, most superb, and most sublime rejoicing, rejoice with an unequaled rejoicing equal to the unequaled, and, having rejoiced,
    dedicate it all to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening,
    and if they perfectly understand that those dharmas are extinguished, stopped, non-existent, and have run out,
    and that those dharmas for the sake of which the dedication is done are also 'empty of an intrinsic nature'‍
    if they dedicate like that, they will have made a dedication to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.

  • "If they perfectly understand that dharmas do not dedicate dharmas‍ — and why? because 'all dharmas are empty of an intrinsic nature'‍ — and if they dedicate it that way, they will have made a dedication to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.

  • "Bodhisattvas practicing the perfection of wisdom like that will not have a wrong perception, wrong thought, or wrong view of the perfections of concentration, perseverance, patience, morality, or giving. And why? Because they do not settle down on that dedication, those wholesome roots, that awakening, or that thought‍ — they do not even see what is settled down on. That is the bodhisattva great beings' dedication to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.

  • "If bodhisattva great beings are aware that the piling up of the bases of meritorious action is isolated from the aggregates; are aware that it is isolated from the perfection of wisdom; are aware that it is isolated from the perfection of concentration, perfection of perseverance, perfection of patience, perfection of morality, and perfection of giving; are aware that it is isolated from inner emptiness, up to the emptiness that is the non-existence of an intrinsic nature; are aware that it is isolated from the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening; and are aware that it is isolated from the ten powers, four fearlessnesses, four detailed and thorough knowledges, and eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha, in that case bodhisattva great beings will have dedicated the bases of meritorious action to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.

  • "If bodhisattva great beings are aware that the bases of meritorious action arisen from rejoicing are isolated from an intrinsic nature of the bases of meritorious action arisen from rejoicing and are aware that the lord buddhas are isolated from an intrinsic nature of buddhas, that wholesome roots are isolated from an intrinsic nature of wholesome roots, that piling up is isolated from an intrinsic nature of piling up, that the thought of awakening is isolated from an intrinsic nature of the thought of awakening, that a dedicating thought is isolated from an intrinsic nature of a dedicating thought, that awakening is isolated from an intrinsic nature of awakening, that the perfection of wisdom is isolated from an intrinsic nature of the perfection of wisdom, and similarly, that the perfection of concentration . . . perseverance . . . patience . . . morality . . . and giving is isolated from an intrinsic nature of the perfection of giving; that inner emptiness, up to that the emptiness that is the non-existence of an intrinsic nature is isolated from an intrinsic nature of the emptiness that is the non-existence of an intrinsic nature; up to that the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening . . . the ten powers . . . the four fearlessnesses . . . the four detailed and thorough knowledges . . . and the eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha are isolated from an intrinsic nature of the eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha, bodhisattva great beings will thus practice the perfection of wisdom that is isolated, and that will be the bodhisattva great beings' perfection of wisdom.

  • "Furthermore, bodhisattva great beings recollecting those wholesome roots of those lord buddhas who have passed into nirvāṇa should make the dedication in just such a way that the thought with which the dedication is made, like the dedication, is true suchness, has that as its basic nature, and is that intrinsic nature. 441 A dedication with such awareness will have been to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening. Such a dedication does not have a wrong perception, wrong thought, or wrong view.

  • "If bodhisattva great beings practicing the perfection of wisdom know those wholesome roots of those lord buddhas by way of a causal sign, the dedication is not to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.

  • "If they were to grasp a causal sign while thus recollecting those past lord buddhas‍ — who have passed into nirvāṇa, have no causal signs, and are not objects‍ — they would not have dedicated those wholesome roots to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening. In that case it would be a wrong perception, wrong thought, and wrong view.

  • "If they do not form a knowledge of and do not grasp at a causal sign of those lord buddhas, of those wholesome roots, of those accumulations, or of those productions of the thought, those wholesome roots are dedicated to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening, and thus the bodhisattva great beings do not have a wrong perception, wrong thought, or wrong view."


"Venerable monk Subhūti, how do bodhisattva great beings
not grasp at causal signs [T2] and still make a dedication [T1] [U2T]?" asked Maitreya.

"Maitreya," replied Subhūti,

  • "it is because bodhisattva great beings have trained in skillful means in this perfection of wisdom.
    Therefore, you should know that bodhisattva great beings are skilled in the perfection of wisdom.
    ___________________________________________________________
    Without having resorted to the perfection of wisdom [U2T]___
    it is not possible to dedicate the bases of meritorious action."
    ___________________________________________________________


Maitreya then asked,

  • "Venerable monk Subhūti, would there not be this fault if, in the perfection of wisdom, those lord buddhas, those wholesome roots, those accumulations, and those productions of the thought dedicated to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening were not to exist [completely]?"

  • "There, 442 bodhisattva great beings practicing this perfection of wisdom should reflect deeply as follows:
    Those physical beings, those wholesome roots, and those accumulations have ceased, 443 but still they conceive of them, having grasped them as causal signs‍ — having grasped those lord buddhas, those wholesome roots, those accumulations, and those productions of the thought dedicated to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening as causal signs.
    -
    ___________________________________________________________________
    Tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfectly complete buddhas______________________
    do not do the work of dedication and rejoicing by way of causal signs like that.
    ___________________________________________________________________
    -
    And why?
    -
    Because it is just this‍ — the apprehension of those lord buddhas who have passed into complete nirvāṇa having grasped a causal sign and conceived of them, that is their great big apprehension.
    So, bodhisattva great beings who want to dedicate those wholesome roots
    should not dedicate them having apprehended and grasped them as causal signs.
    -
    Tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfectly complete buddhas do not say that
    there is great value in the dedication of those perceiving apprehended objects and perceiving causal signs.
    -
    And why? Because that dedication has been poisoned and conceals a sharp object.

  • "To illustrate, a person with a naturally childish disposition decides to eat a poisoned delicacy that looks and smells good, and even while eating it enjoys its color and aroma. But when they have digested it suffering results.

  • "Similarly, here certain persons who have taken this perfection of wisdom up wrongly, know wrongly, and have trained wrongly give instructions without understanding or comprehending the true state of affairs, saying, 'Come here, you son of a good family! There are the wholesome roots created through the practice of the perfection of wisdom by past, future, and present lord buddhas starting from when they first produced the thought, up to when they fully awakened to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening, up to complete nirvāṇa in the element of nirvāṇa without any aggregates left behind, during the lasting of their good Dharma up to its disappearance. Similarly there are the wholesome roots they created through their practice of the perfection of concentration, perseverance, patience, morality, and giving; the wholesome roots they created endowed with the four concentrations and endowed with the four immeasurables, four formless absorptions, thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening, ten tathāgata powers, fearlessnesses, and detailed and thorough knowledges; and the wholesome roots they created endowed with the eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha. There are those on account of which the lord buddhas purify buddhafields and bring beings to maturity and on account of which there are their aggregates of morality, aggregates of meditative stabilization, aggregates of wisdom, aggregates of liberation, up to aggregates of knowledge and seeing of liberation, up to knowledge of a knower of all aspects, up to the natural state not robbed of mindfulness, and constantly staying in a state of equanimity. There are the wholesome roots those in their Śrāvaka Vehicle have produced and possess, and there are the wholesome roots created by those prophesied as pratyekabuddhas and by the gods, nāgas, yakṣas, gandharvas, asuras, garuḍas, kinnaras, and mahoragas. Having compressed them all together and collected them into one and weighed it, you should dedicate it to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.'
    That sort of dedication of theirs is a dedication by way of causal signs and by way of apprehended objects.
    It is like poisoned food that becomes toxic.

  • "A dedication viewing an apprehended object is not a dedication.
    And why?
    Because that apprehending is poisonous, has a causal sign, has causes, and has conditions. Such a dedication is demeaning to the Tathāgata. It is not speaking as the Tathāgata said to speak. It is not speaking the Dharma. They should reflect deeply like that.

  • "There sons of a good family or daughters of a good family in the Bodhisattva Vehicle should train like this, asking, 'How should we rejoice in and dedicate the wholesome roots of past, future, and present lord buddhas?
    How should we rejoice in and dedicate the wholesome roots they, along with the śrāvaka saṅghas, accumulated practicing the perfection of wisdom, starting from when they first produced the thought, up to complete nirvāṇa in the element of nirvāṇa without any aggregates left behind, during the lasting of their good Dharma up to its disappearance, up to gaining the knowledge of all aspects, up to how should they rejoice in and dedicate the wholesome roots planted by the gods, nāgas, yakṣas, gandharvas, asuras, garuḍas, kinnaras, and mahoragas?
    How should we dedicate those wholesome roots so they are dedicated to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening?'

  • "Sons of a good family or daughters of a good family in the Great Vehicle practicing the perfection of wisdom who do not want to demean the Tathāgata should frame their dedication in these terms: 'I shall rejoice in those wholesome roots just as the tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfectly complete buddhas with their unsurpassed buddha knowledge comprehend them as existing in their basic character, nature, signs, and true dharmic nature, and I shall dedicate them to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening just as the lord buddhas comprehend them.' Sons of a good family or daughters of a good family in the Great Vehicle should dedicate wholesome roots to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening like that. Such a dedication is not demeaning to the Tathāgata. It is speaking like the Tathāgata said to, and is speaking the Dharma. That sort of dedication of those bodhisattva great beings has not been poisoned. That is how they should train.

  • "Furthermore, sons of a good family or daughters of a good family who have set out in the Great Vehicle
    and are practicing the perfection of wisdom
    _______________________________________________
    should dedicate those wholesome roots like this:
    'Thus form [T1] does not belong to the desire realm, form realm, or formless realm [T2] [U2T].
    Feeling, perception, volitional factors, and consciousness do not belong to the desire realm, form realm, or formless realm.
    Similarly, the constituents, sense fields, and the perfection of wisdom do not belong to the desire realm, form realm, or formless realm.
    Similarly, the perfections of concentration, perseverance, patience, morality, and giving do not belong to the desire realm, form realm, or formless realm, and that which does not belong is not past, is not future, and is not present.
    Similarly, inner emptiness, up to the emptiness that is the non-existence of an intrinsic nature do not belong to the desire, form, or formless realm.
    The thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening do not belong to the desire, form, or formless realm.
    The ten powers, the fearlessnesses, the detailed and thorough knowledges, and the eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha do not belong to the desire realm, form realm, or formless realm.
    Similarly, suchness, unmistaken suchness, unaltered suchness, the true nature of dharmas, the dharma-constituent, the establishment of dharmas, the certification of dharmas, the very limit of reality, and the inconceivable element, morality, meditative stabilization, wisdom, liberation, and knowledge and seeing of liberation, the knowledge of all aspects, the natural state not robbed of mindfulness, and constantly staying in a state of equanimity do not belong to the desire, form, or formless realm, and that which does not belong is not past, is not future, and is not present.

  • "And why? Just as they do not belong because they do not belong in that way,
    similarly dedication does not belong either. 444
    The dharma to which they are dedicating and those dharmas do not belong.
    The one doing the dedication also does not belong.
    The lord buddhas also do not belong;
    those wholesome roots do not belong;
    those śrāvakas and pratyekabuddhas do not belong;
    and their wholesome roots do not belong to the desire, form, or formless realm either, and that which does not belong is not past, is not future, and is not present.
    That is how they should make the dedication.

  • "If bodhisattvas practicing the perfection of wisdom have this awareness‍ —
    'Thus form, whatever it is, does not belong to the desire realm, form realm, or formless realm.
    Similarly, feeling, perception, volitional factors, and consciousness do not belong to the desire realm, form realm, or formless realm.
    Similarly, the constituents and sense fields do not belong to the desire realm, form realm, or formless realm, and that which does not belong is not past, is not future, and is not present.
    It cannot be dedicated by way of causal signs or by way of apprehended objects.
    And why?
    Because it has no intrinsic nature, and something without an intrinsic nature is a non-existent thing.
    A non-existent thing cannot dedicate a non-existent thing.
    Similarly, feeling, perception, volitional factors, consciousness, and the constituents and sense fields;
    similarly, the perfection of giving, perfection of morality, perfection of patience, perfection of perseverance, perfection of concentration, and perfection of wisdom;
    similarly inner emptiness, up to the emptiness that is the non-existence of an intrinsic nature;
    similarly the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening, the powers, the fearlessnesses, the detailed and thorough knowledges, the eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha, the knowledge of all aspects, the natural state not robbed of mindfulness, and constantly staying in a state of equanimity does not belong to the desire realm, do not belong to the form realm, and do not belong to the formless realm, and that which does not belong is not past, is not future, and is not present.
    That which is not past, that which is not future, and that which is not present
    cannot be dedicated by way of causal signs or by way of apprehended objects.
    And why?
    _____________________________________________________________________________________
    Because it has no intrinsic nature, and something without an intrinsic nature is a non-existent thing.
    A non-existent thing cannot dedicate a non-existent thing'‍____________________________________
    — if bodhisattvas have just such awareness, then the dedication has not been poisoned.___________
    _____________________________________________________________________________________

  • "A son of a good family or daughter of a good family who has set out in the Great Vehicle
    and who dedicates those wholesome roots by way of causal signs and by way of apprehended objects dedicates those wholesome roots in the wrong way and does not dedicate perfectly.
    The lord buddhas do not praise a dedication that is wrong.
    Those who dedicate with a dedication not praised by the lord buddhas do not complete the perfection of giving and do not complete the perfection of morality, perfection of patience, perfection of perseverance, perfection of concentration, or perfection of wisdom.
    Those who do not complete the six perfections do not complete the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening and do not complete inner emptiness, up to the emptiness that is the non-existence of an intrinsic nature, the powers, the fearlessnesses, the detailed and thorough knowledges, or the eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha.
    They do not complete a buddhafield.
    Those who do not complete a buddhafield do not complete bringing beings to maturity.
    Those who do not complete a buddhafield and do not complete bringing beings to maturity do not fully awaken to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.

  • "And why? Because a dedication like that has been poisoned.

  • "Furthermore, bodhisattva great beings practicing the perfection of wisdom should reflect deeply as follows:
    'Those lord buddhas comprehended that they must dedicate wholesome roots in this truly dharmic way.
    I too must dedicate these wholesome roots to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening in just this truly dharmic way as well.' They should reflect deeply like that."


Then the Lord said to venerable Subhūti,

  • "Excellent, excellent, Subhūti!
    It is excellent that you have given such instruction about
    _____________________________________________
    the bodhisattva great beings' aggregate of dedication
    by way of no causal sign,________________________
    by way of not apprehending anything,____________
    by way of no production,_______________________
    by way of no appearance,_______________________
    by way of no defilement,________________________
    by way of no purification,_______________________
    by way of the non-existence of an intrinsic nature,__
    by way of the emptiness of its own mark,__________
    by way of the dharma-constituent,_______________
    by way of suchness,____________________________
    by way of unmistaken suchness, and______________
    by way of unaltered suchness.____________________
    _____________________________________________

  • "Subhūti, if all the beings that are in the great billionfold world system were to obtain the ten wholesome actions and were to obtain the four concentrations, the four immeasurables, the four formless absorptions, and the five clairvoyances, what do you think, Subhūti?
    Based on that would those beings create a lot of merit?" 445

"A lot, Lord; a lot, Sugata," replied Subhūti.

"Subhūti," continued the Lord,

  • "a son of a good family or daughter of a good family who makes an untainted dedication of the wholesome roots creates even more merit than that.
    Subhūti, that dedication of the wholesome roots by that son of a good family or daughter of a good family
    is the highest, the most excellent, foremost, the best, superb, sublime, unsurpassed, and unrivaled.

  • "Furthermore, Subhūti, if as many beings as there are stationed in the great billionfold world system were to become stream enterers or were to become once-returners, or non-returners, or worthy ones, and were some son of a good family or daughter of a good family for as long as they live to respect, revere, honor, and worship them all with requirements‍ — robes, alms, beds and seats, and medicines for sicknesses‍ — what do you think, Subhūti?
    Based on that would that son of a good family or daughter of a good family create a lot of merit?"

"A lot, Lord; a lot, Sugata," replied Subhūti.

"Subhūti," continued the Lord,

  • "a son of a good family or daughter of a good family who makes an untainted dedication of the wholesome roots creates even more merit than that.

  • "Furthermore, Subhūti, if as many beings as there are stationed in the great billionfold world system were to become pratyekabuddhas, and were some son of a good family or daughter of a good family for as long as they live to respect, revere, honor, and worship them all with requirements‍ — robes, alms, beds and seats, and medicines for sicknesses‍ — what do you think, Subhūti?
    Based on that would that son of a good family or daughter of a good family create a lot of merit?"

"A lot, Lord; a lot, Sugata," replied Subhūti.

"Subhūti," continued the Lord,

  • "a son of a good family or daughter of a good family who makes an untainted dedication of the wholesome roots creates even more merit than that.

  • "Furthermore, Subhūti, if as many beings as there are stationed in the great billionfold world system had set out for unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening and as many beings standing in as many world systems in the eastern direction as there are sand particles in the Gaṅgā River, all of them, for as many eons as there are sand particles in the Gaṅgā River, were to respect, revere, honor, and worship each of those bodhisattvas there with requirements‍ — robes, alms, beds and seats, and medicines for sicknesses‍ — and attend on them with all the requirements for happiness, and similarly, if as many beings standing in as many world systems in the south, west, and north, below and above, and the intermediate directions as there are sand particles in the Gaṅgā River, all of them, for as many eons as there are sand particles in the Gaṅgā River, were to respect, revere, honor, and worship each of those bodhisattvas from among those bodhisattvas there with requirements (robes, alms, beds and seats, and medicines for sicknesses) and attend on them with all the requirements for happiness, what do you think, Subhūti?
    Based on that would those sons of a good family or daughters of a good family create a lot of merit?"

"A lot, Lord; a lot, Sugata; an infinite, countless, immeasurable amount," replied Subhūti.

"Lord, to give an illustration for that basis of meritorious action is not easy.
Lord, if that basis of meritorious action had a physical form it would not fit in even as many world systems as there are sand particles in the Gaṅgā River."

Venerable Subhūti having said this, the Lord said to him,

  • "Excellent, excellent, Subhūti! What you have said is excellent.

  • "Subhūti, a son of a good family or daughter of a good family who, with an untainted dedication of the wholesome roots, dedicates to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening the wholesome roots like that creates even more merit than that.

  • Therefore, Subhūti, that dedication of the wholesome roots by that son of a good family or daughter of a good family is the highest, the most excellent, foremost, the best, superb, sublime, unsurpassed, and unrivaled. Subhūti, that earlier mass of merit does not approach the merit of an untainted dedication even by a hundredth part, or by a thousandth part, or by a hundred thousandth part, or by a hundred millionth part, or by a thousandth one hundred millionth part, or by a hundred thousandth one hundred millionth part; it does not stand up to any number, or fraction, or counting, or example, or comparison.

  • "And why?
    Because those sons of a good family or daughters of a good family are endowed with the ten wholesome actions and endowed with the four concentrations, the four immeasurables, the four formless absorptions, and the five clairvoyances while having a perception that apprehends something.

  • "And why?
    Because those sons of a good family or daughters of a good family respect, revere, honor, and worship with the requirements‍ — robes, alms, beds and seats, and medicines for sicknesses‍ — while having a perception that apprehends something. They attend on those bodhisattvas caught up in apprehending things with all the requirements for happiness, and they respect, revere, honor, and worship them."


Then twenty thousand gods from among the Cāturmahā­rājika gods cupped their palms together in a gesture of supplication, bowed to the Lord, and said,

  • ___________________________________________________________________________________
    "Ah! Lord, bodhisattva great beings with skillful means______________________________
    dedicate those wholesome roots to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening________
    in an untainted way, by way of not apprehending anything,___________________________
    by way of no causal sign, by way of not doing anything.______________________________
    The dedication done like this without asserting 'two' or 'not two' is a great dedication."
    ___________________________________________________________________________________

Then Śatakratu, head of the gods, together with the Trāyastriṃśa gods, having brought divine flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners, worshiped the Lord with a divine orchestra of cymbals and drums and made this statement:

  • ________________________________________________________________________________
    "These bodhisattva great beings with skillful means______________________________
    dedicate those wholesome roots to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening_____
    by way of not apprehending anything, in an untainted way, by way of no causal sign.
    The dedication done like this without asserting 'two' or 'not two'___________________
    is a great dedication."___________________________________________________________
    ________________________________________________________________________________

Then many hundred thousand one hundred million billion Brahmakāyika gods approached the Lord, and, having arrived, bowed to his feet with their heads, melodiously giving voice to and proclaiming the words,

  • "Lord, it is amazing how the wholesome roots of bodhisattva great beings with such a perfection of wisdom and skillful means as their mentor surpass those of the aforementioned bodhisattva great beings and sons of a good family or daughters of a good family caught up in apprehending things."

Similarly, the Brahmakāyika gods and the Brahmapurohita, Brahmapārṣadya, Parīttābha, Apramāṇābha, Ābhāsvara, Parīttaśubha, Apramāṇaśubha, Śubhakṛtsna, Anabhrakā, Puṇyaprasava, Bṛhatphala, Avṛha, Sudarśana, Sudṛśa, Atapa, and Akaniṣṭha gods, together with many hundred thousand one hundred million billion gods, approached the Lord and, having arrived, bowed to his feet with their heads, proclaiming the words,

  • "Lord, it is amazing how the wholesome roots of bodhisattva great beings with such a perfection of wisdom and skillful means as their mentor surpass those of the aforementioned bodhisattva great beings and sons of a good family or daughters of a good family practicing while caught up in apprehending things."

Then the Lord said to the Cāturmahā­rājika gods, up to the Akaniṣṭha gods,

  • "Gods,
    – were all the beings that are in a great billionfold world system to have set out for unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening,
    – and were they all to compress together the wholesome roots that past, future, and present tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfectly complete buddhas together with their śrāvaka saṅghas planted, starting from when they first produced the thought up to for as long as their good Dharma lasts (in these are the wholesome roots of those śrāvakas, of those pratyekabuddhas, and of all other beings, arisen from the perfection of giving and arisen from the perfections of morality, patience, perseverance, concentration, and wisdom, and the aggregates of morality, meditative stabilization, wisdom, liberation, and knowledge and seeing of liberation, and immeasurable other buddha-dharmas),
    – and were they to rejoice in them and, having rejoiced, dedicate them to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening by way of apprehending something;
    – and were some son of a good family or daughter of a good family who has set out for unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening
    to compress together the wholesome roots of the perfection of giving, up to the perfection of wisdom, up to immeasurable other buddha-dharmas of those past, future, and present lord buddhas together with their śrāvaka saṅghas starting from when they first produced the thought, up to for as long as their good Dharma lasts,
    and rejoice in all that with the highest rejoicing, and, having rejoiced,
    dedicate that to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening
    by way of not apprehending anything, in a non-dual way,
    by way of no causal sign, in an untainted way, by way of not doing anything,
    -
    that son of a good family or daughter of a good family would thus create more merit than those earlier sons of a good family or daughters of a good family. That earlier wholesome root, furthermore, would not approach even by a hundredth part, up to would not stand up to any comparison to this wholesome root.
    ______________________________________________________________________________
    That dedication by a bodhisattva great being by way of not apprehending anything
    is the highest, up to unrivaled."________________________________________________
    ______________________________________________________________________________


Subhūti then asked,

  • "Lord, what is that 'highest rejoicing,' up to 'unrivaled rejoicing' you talk about where you say, Lord, 'A son of a good family or daughter of a good family compresses all together the mass of merit from that rejoicing, up to dedication of all their wholesome roots and collects them into one and rejoices with the highest rejoicing, up to the unrivaled rejoicing'?"

The Lord replied, ###

  • "It is when that son of a good family or daughter of a good family,
    without grasping, without rejecting, without falsely projecting,
    without acquiring, and without apprehending
    those wholesome roots of past, future, and present tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfectly complete buddhas together with their śrāvaka saṅghas, those wholesome roots of their pratyekabuddhas, and of all other beings, thinks,
    'Here there is no production, no cessation, no defilement, no purification of a dharma; those dharmas do not decrease, do not increase, do not come, do not go, and do not turn into an aggregate,
    so on that account I rejoice just in the suchness,
    the unmistaken suchness, the unaltered suchness, the true nature of dharmas, the dharma-constituent,
    the establishment of dharmas, and the certification of dharmas of those past, future, and present dharmas and,
    having rejoiced, dedicate it to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.'
    -
    The rejoicing by bodhisattva great beings making such a dedication
    is the highest rejoicing, up to unrivaled rejoicing.
    All other rejoicing, Subhūti, does not approach it even by a hundredth part,
    up to does not stand up to any comparison to it.
    Compared with other rejoicing this rejoicing is the highest, up to unrivaled rejoicing.

  • "Furthermore, Subhūti,
    a son of a good family or daughter of a good family newly set out in the vehicle
    who wants to rejoice in all the wholesome roots of past, future, and present tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfectly complete buddhas together with their śrāvaka saṅghas and their pratyekabuddhas starting from when they first produced the thought, up to for as long as their good Dharma lasts (in these are the wholesome roots endowed with the perfection of giving and endowed with the perfection of morality, patience, perseverance, concentration, and wisdom, up to immeasurable other buddha-dharmas) and the wholesome roots of all other beings,
    should rejoice like this:
    'As liberation 446 is, so too is giving;
    as liberation is, so too is morality, patience, perseverance, and concentration; and
    as liberation is, so too is wisdom.
    As liberation is, so too are form, feeling, perception, and volitional factors, and so too is consciousness.
    As liberation is, so too is inner emptiness, up to the emptiness that is the non-existence of an intrinsic nature.
    As liberation is, so too are the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening.
    As liberation is, so too are the powers, fearlessnesses, detailed and thorough knowledges, and eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha.
    As liberation is, so too is the knowledge and seeing of liberation.
    As liberation is, so too is belief, so too is rejoicing.
    As liberation is, so too are the dharmas of past, future, and present buddhas;
    as liberation is, so too are the lord buddhas;
    as liberation is, so too is the complete awakening of those lord buddhas; and
    as liberation is, so too is the complete nirvāṇa of those lord buddhas.
    As liberation is, so too are the śrāvakas, so too the pratyekabuddhas of those lord buddhas, and so too is the nirvāṇa of those śrāvakas and pratyekabuddhas.
    As liberation is, so too is the true dharmic nature of those lord buddhas.
    As liberation is, so too is the true dharmic nature of those śrāvakas and pratyekabuddhas.
    As liberation is, so too is the suchness of all dharmas.'
    They should rejoice like that.
    -
    And, because nothing has changed places and nothing has been destroyed,
    so too is the true dharmic nature of dharmas that are not bound, are not freed, are not defiled, and are not purified;
    so to is the true dharmic nature of dharmas that are not produced, do not appear, and do not stop.
    -
    If the dedication to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening is like that,
    Subhūti, it is the highest rejoicing of bodhisattva great beings.
    Subhūti, bodhisattva great beings endowed with such rejoicing
    quickly and fully awaken to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.

  • "Furthermore, Subhūti, some son of a good family or daughter of a good family who has set out in the Great Vehicle, for as long as they live,
    – may respect, revere, honor, and worship with all the requirements for happiness and with the requirements (robes, alms, beds and seats, and medicines for sicknesses) those tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfect complete buddhas with their śrāvaka saṅghas‍ — the lord buddhas presently dwelling and maintaining themselves with their śrāvaka saṅghas in world systems as many as there are sand particles in the Gaṅgā River in each direction in the ten directions.
    – They may produce an enthusiasm for respecting, revering, honoring, and worshiping those lord buddhas who have passed into complete nirvāṇa, with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners.
    – They may stand in morality, cultivate patience, exert themselves at perseverance, be absorbed in concentration, and cultivate wisdom, but cultivating by way of apprehending something.
    – And another son of a good family or daughter of a good family who has set out for unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening, practicing the perfection of giving and practicing the perfections of morality, patience, perseverance, concentration, and wisdom may dedicate those wholesome roots to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening by way of not apprehending anything.
    – That earlier accumulation of merit does not approach even by a hundredth part, up to does not stand up to any comparison with that accumulation of merit.
    That dedication is the highest, up to unrivaled.

  • "Subhūti, bodhisattva great beings practicing the perfection of giving and practicing the perfections of morality, patience, perseverance, concentration, and wisdom with skillful means
    should dedicate those wholesome roots like this by way of not apprehending anything."

This was the thirty-third chapter, "Dedication," of "The Perfection of Wisdom in Eighteen Thousand Lines."

(i.e. Résumés of chapters 23-33:
-
From Chapter 23: Teaching without teaching the inconceivable, without any attachment / fixation / absolutes – by way of not apprehending anything.
In this perfection of wisdom, the three vehicles…‍ are taught in detail [T1], by way of not apprehending anything [T2] [U2T].
-
That is acting without acting,
but without any grasping / attachment / apprehension / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points / absolutes;
without falling into any extreme or middle;
without any duality / di-vision between subject & object & action, cause & causality & effect, right & wrong, movement & rest, samsara & nirvana;
more and more in accord with the Middle Way: not accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / improving / doing in absolute terms, not rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively;
thus more and more in accord with the transcendent perfection of wisdom;
more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is;
more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T]
beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
-
Because all dharmas are empty of inherent existence [T2], not really existent / caused / functional <==> because conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances / tools / adapted skillful means [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind (mere designations) [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-caused / non-functional / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T].
Because all dharmas are like illusions, reflections, mirages, dreams, echos, magical tricks: 'There, but not there.' [U2T].
All dharmas are not existent, not non-existent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth; not different / separate / multiple / dual, not identical / united / one / non-dual, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth; not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous / annihilated, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth; not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for whatever 'this' is.
Meaning indescribable / inconceivable for our flawed dualistic conceptual conditioned ordinary mind(s); beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
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"All dharmas" includes all dharmas with their characteristics / properties / qualities / marks / relations / activities …, with their names / labels; ex. the five aggregates, the eighteen elements, the six paramitas, the eighteen emptinesses, the two truths, suchness, the Union of the Two truths, even buddhahood / nirvana.
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So they say: this perfection of wisdom is so deep, so hard to behold, so hard to understand, so peaceful, so sublime, so subtle, so private, so not an object of speculative thought, so brilliant, so absolutely noble, and so much an object to be known by the learned and wise.
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From Chapter 24: Training without training in the inconceivable, great, immeasurable, infinite, limitless – by way of not contradicting the inconceivable true nature of Reality as it is here & now.
Bodhisattvas should learn / train / teach without learning / training in / teaching the perfection of wisdom, the three vehicles, the six paramitas … [T1], without any attachment / fixation / absolutes [T2] [U2T], without making a division into two – by way of not contradicting the inconceivable true nature of Reality as it is here & now, suchness, the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T / U3S / Uopp / U2T-2T]; by way of not getting hold of all dharmas.
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That is acting without acting,
but without any grasping / attachment / apprehension / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points / absolutes;
without falling into any extreme or middle;
without any duality / di-vision between subject & object & action, cause & causality & effect, right & wrong, movement & rest, samsara & nirvana;
more and more in accord with the Middle Way: not accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / improving / doing in absolute terms, not rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively;
thus more and more in accord with the transcendent perfection of wisdom;
more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is;
more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T]
beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
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Why?
Because they do not see any inherently existing dharma – ex. body / physical, speech / conceptual, mind / mental fabrications; entities, characteristics / marks…, names / labels; subject relation/ action objec; cause causality, effect apparent opposites; the two truths; suchness …
Because they do not see the production and stopping, acceptance and rejection, defilement and purification, or decrease and increase of any dharma.
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Because all dharmas – ex. the three spheres, apparent opposites, the two truths, all words / concepts / ideas / views / truths / methods / practices / level / goals / trainings … – are empty of inherent existence [T2], not really existent / caused / functional <==> because conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances / tools / adapted skillful means [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind (mere designations) [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-caused / non-functional / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T].
Because all dharmas are like illusions, reflections, mirages, dreams, echos, magical tricks: 'There, but not there.' [U2T].
All dharmas are not existent, not non-existent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth; not different / separate / multiple / dual, not identical / united / one / non-dual, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth; not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous / annihilated, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth; not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for whatever 'this' is.
Meaning indescribable / inconceivable for our flawed dualistic conceptual conditioned ordinary mind(s); beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
-
"All dharmas" includes all dharmas with their characteristics / properties / qualities / marks / relations / activities …, with their names / labels; ex. the five aggregates, the eighteen elements, the six paramitas, the eighteen emptinesses, the two truths, suchness, the Union of the Two truths, even buddhahood / nirvana.
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Bodhisattvas thus training in the non-production and non-stopping, non-acceptance and non-rejection, non-defilement and non-purification, and non-decrease and non-increase of all dharmas will, training in the perfection of wisdom by way of not training and not going forth, go forth to the knowledge of all aspects.
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This perfection of wisdom is great, immeasurable, infinite, limitless – because all dharmas are great, immeasurable, infinite, limitless – limitless and centerless in nature, causality, space & time – because all dharmas are primordially inconceivable, spaceless, timeless, limitless, equal, pure, perfect, divine, complete, free, enlightened, the inconceivable three pure kayas, the true Buddha.
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From Chapter 25: Showing respect, demonstrating reverence for, showing honor to, worshiping, arranging for the guarding, protection, and safekeeping of Bodhisattvas.
The world with its gods, humans, and asuras should constantly and always show respect for, demonstrate reverence for, show honor to, worship, and arrange for the guarding, protection, and safekeeping of bodhisattva great beings who do not become separated from the perfection of wisdom, by way of not apprehending anything.)
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From Chapter 26: The good qualities and benefits Bodhisattvas will get hold of if they practice with skillful means, without apprehending anything.
The good qualities and benefits that sons of a good family and daughters of a good family
(who are practicing without practicing the six paramitas…
without apprehending anything, without any attachment / fixation, absolutes)
will come about in this very life and those that will come about in a future life.
Their unwholesome dharmas will be reduced, and their wholesome dharmas will increase.
It is because this perfection of wisdom is something that calms down all wrong unwholesome dharmas;
it is not something that increases them.
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From Chapter 27: Which of them makes the greater merit?
This very perfection of wisdom makes that place serve as a reliquary for all beings, suitable to be worshiped, honored, revered, and venerated with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners.
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Producing without producing immeasurable merit, without apprehending anything:
Bodhisattvas, inseparable from the thought of the knowledge of all aspects, should write out and make this perfection of wisdom into a book; should constantly listen to, takes it up, bears it in mind, reads it aloud (recite), masters it, set in motion, and properly pays attention to just this perfection of wisdom; and they should respect, revere, honor, and worship it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners.
They should also take up, bear in mind, recite, master, and pay proper attention to all the other infinite buddha-dharmas included in the perfection of wisdom.
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This way they would accumulate immeasurable merit & wisdom together.
Why? Because all wholesome dharmas are included in the perfection of wisdom.
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From Chapter 28: Good Qualities II
Sons of a good family or daughters of a good family who want to obtain this accumulation of perfect good qualities (for this life and future lives) should take up, bear in mind, read aloud, master, and properly pay attention to this perfection of wisdom and not become separated from the thought of the knowledge of all aspects. Up until they fully awaken to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening, they will never be without these good qualities in this life or in future lives.
Because all that is good issue forth from this perfection of wisdom.
Because the perfection of wisdom has been set out for the elimination [transcendence] of all unwholesome dharmas and for the completion of all wholesome dharmas.
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From Chapter 29: Protection against Māra.
The perfection of wisdom is the protection against all evils.
Māra or the gods of the Māra class cannot find a way to cause trouble to any son of a good family or daughter of a good family who takes up, bears in mind, reads aloud, masters, and properly pays attention to this perfection of wisdom.
Because the knowledge of all aspects issues forth from this‍ — that is, the perfection of wisdom‍ — and the perfection of wisdom issues forth from this, that is, the knowledge of all aspects.
The knowledge of all aspects and the perfection of wisdom are not two and cannot be divided into two; they have not been broken apart and have not been cut apart.
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From Chapter 30: Benefits.
The other five perfections are preceded by the perfection of wisdom.
Just this perfection of wisdom is the leader of these perfections, up to the eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha and the knowledge of all aspects.
All dharmas are purified / completed / perfected by combining them with the perfection of wisdom, by directly realising their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T / U3S / Uopp / U2T-2T].
All activities, of the body, speech and mind, should be done without establishing anything, without any attachment / fixation / absolutes; while being aware of the true nature & dynamic as it is of all dharmas involved – ex. the three spheres, apparent opposites, the two truths –, in a non-dual way, in a non-appropriating way, in a non-apprehending way. This way all activities become more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T / U3S / Uopp / U2T-2T].
This way, Bodhisattvas are freed from the dualistic thought of the śrāvaka and pratyekabuddha levels without being separated from any dharma and without it having been produced at all.
This way, they will obtain these good qualities in this life and in future lives.
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From Chapter 31: Worshiping without worshiping, without any attachment / fixation / absolutes.
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I would choose the perfection of wisdom over anything else, but without establishing anything.
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"I respect, revere, honor, and worship those physical remains of the tathāgatas
because they come about from the perfection of wisdom.
The physical remains of the tathāgatas are suffused by the perfection of wisdom.
That is why the physical remains of the tathāgatas get to be worshiped."
"Furthermore, those physical remains were the receptacle of the knowledge of a knower of all aspects,
the elimination of all residual impressions, connections, and afflictions,
a constant staying in a state of equanimity, and the natural state not robbed of mindfulness.
That is why they get to be worshiped."
"Those physical remains of a tathāgata were the receptacle of perfections that are the true nature of dharmas.
Those physical remains of the Tathāgata are suffused with the true nature of dharmas.
That is why those physical remains of a tathāgata get to be worshiped."
"But still, it is on account of revering the perfection of wisdom that one reveres,
that one respects, that one honors, and that one worships the physical remains of the tathāgatas."
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Everybody should respect, should revere, should honor, and should worship this perfection of wisdom
with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, clothes, parasols, flags, and banners;
they should take it up, bear it in mind, read it aloud, and master it.
Because everything good comes from it.
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"A son of a good family or daughter of a good family who has written out this perfection of wisdom and bestowed it on others creates even more merit than that son of a good family or daughter of a good family who respects, reveres, honors, and worships it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners.
"Furthermore, a son of a good family or daughter of a good family who goes to others and explicates, teaches, explains, gives a commentary on, and makes clear this perfection of wisdom creates even more merit than that earlier one."
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Still, the perfection of wisdom cannot be apprehended, cannot be pointed out,
does not obstruct, and has only one mark‍ — that is, no mark‍ — so it cannot be take it up.
Why? Because all dharmas are empty of inherent existence [T1] <==> because dependently co-arisen / interdependent [T2], merely labeled / imputed by the mind [U3S]; like illusions, reflections, mirages, dreams, echos, magical tricks: 'There, but not there.' [U2T].
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Buddha: "It is just this perfection of wisdom.
It is just this perfection of wisdom that I myself,
also respect, revere, honor, and worship,
that I have respected, revered, honored, and worshiped,
and that I rely on and stay by."
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From Chapter 32: Teaching without teaching the perfection of wisdom.
Teaching without teaching the perfection of wisdom…, without any attachment / fixation / absolutes – more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature of Reality as it is here & now, more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T] free from all extremes & middle.
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"One creates a lot more merit when explaining in detail, up to illuminating both the meaning and the words of this perfection of wisdom… to those who want it."
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It is teaching without teaching the perfections of wisdom, with an understanding that operates without duality;
without apprehending anything; without any attachment / fixation / absolutes; without accepting or rejecting anything in absolute terms; without any di-vision between the three spheres, between subject / actor, relation / action and object / result; between cause, causality and effect; between apparent opposites; between the two truths… ; thus more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature of Reality as it is here & now, more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T] free from all extremes & middle.
-
Ex. Teaching this: "When one cultivates the perfection of wisdom,
one should not even look at any dharma as impermanent, or permanent.
Because form is empty of the intrinsic nature of form.
That intrinsic nature of form is non-existent, and that which is non-existent is the perfection of wisdom.
So, in that perfection of wisdom you cannot say "form is permanent" or "form is impermanent.Because form does not exist there, and given that, how could you ever view it as either permanent or impermanent?"
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"When a son of a good family or daughter of a good family gives a discourse to others and explains, reveals, makes clear, and illuminates both the meaning and the letter of the perfection of wisdom with many explanations, saying, 'Come here, you son of a good family! Take up, bear in mind, read aloud, master, and properly pay attention to this perfection of wisdom, and focus in your practice on this perfection of wisdom as it has been expounded,' they create a lot more merit.
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"One should develop enthusiasm in sons of a good family or daughters of a good family, those bodhisattva great beings in the Great Vehicle – because they are the source of all goodness in this world."
"One should take care of and protect bodhisattva great beings with a combination of doctrine and material things."
"Taking care of Bodhisattvas with both instruction in the dharmas and with the required material things creates more merit than the earlier two done separately."
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From Chapter 33:
Untainted Dedication – Bodhisattvas should dedicate their wholesome roots like this by way of not apprehending anything. Dedicating without dedicating, without any attachment / fixation / absolutes.
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The highest, the most excellent, the foremost, the best, the most superb, sublime, unsurpassed, and unrivaled dedication – because it is not merely personal / egoistic, but for the benefits of all sentient beings; because it is non-dual.
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Dedicating without dedicating:
Dedicating the basis of meritorious action to unsurpassed / perfect / complete awakening
– i.e. for the benefits of all sentient beings, for disciplining all beings, for calming all beings, for the complete nirvāṇa of all beings –
by way of not apprehending anything, in a non-dual way, by way of no causal sign, in an untainted way, by way of not doing anything in absolute terms, without any attachment / fixations / absolutes.
-
That is acting without acting,
but without any grasping / attachment / apprehension / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points / absolutes;
without falling into any extreme or middle;
without any duality / di-vision between subject & object & action, cause & causality & effect, right & wrong, movement & rest, samsara & nirvana;
more and more in accord with the Middle Way: not accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / improving / doing in absolute terms, not rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively;
thus more and more in accord with the transcendent perfection of wisdom;
more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is;
more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T]
beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
-
Because all dharmas are empty of inherent existence [T2], not really existent / caused / functional <==> because conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances / tools / adapted skillful means [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind (mere designations) [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-caused / non-functional / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T].
Because all dharmas are like illusions, reflections, mirages, dreams, echos, magical tricks: 'There, but not there.' [U2T].
All dharmas are not existent, not non-existent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth; not different / separate / multiple / dual, not identical / united / one / non-dual, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth; not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous / annihilated, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth; not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for whatever 'this' is.
Meaning indescribable / inconceivable for our flawed dualistic conceptual conditioned ordinary mind(s); beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
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Without having resorted to the perfection of wisdom [U2T] it is not possible to dedicate the bases of meritorious action."
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"Bodhisattvas with skillful means dedicate those wholesome roots to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening
in an untainted way, by way of not apprehending anything, by way of no causal sign, by way of not doing anything.
The dedication done like this without asserting 'two' or 'not two' is a great dedication."
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"One creates a lot more merit when dedicating like that.")




Access to other chapters on the Blog:
(Work in progress. Empty files means they are not done yet.)

  1. Chapter 0 – Introduction to the Sutra

  2. Chapter 1 – Introduction / the Assembly

  3. Chapter 2 – Production of the Thought

  4. Chapter 3 – designation [U2T]

  5. Chapter 4 – Equal to the Unequal

  6. Chapter 5 – Tongue

  7. Chapter 6 – Subhūti

  8. Chapter 7 – Entry into flawlessness

  9. Chapter 8 – The Religious Mendicant Śreṇika

  10. Chapter 9 – Causal Signs

  11. Chapter 10 – Illusion-like

  12. Chapter 11 – Embarrassment

  13. Chapter 12 – Elimination of Views

  14. Chapter 13 – The Six Perfections

  15. Chapter 14 – Neither Bound nor Freed

  16. Chapter 15 – Meditative Stabilization

  17. Chapter 16 – Dhāraṇī Gateway

  18. Chapter 17 – Level Purification

  19. Chapter 18 – The Exposition of Going Forth in the Great Vehicle [cause / path]

  20. Chapter 19 – Surpassing

  21. Chapter 20 – Not Two

  22. Chapter 21 – Subhūti

  23. Chapter 22 – Śatakratu

  24. Chapter 23 – Hard to Understand

  25. Chapter 24 – Unlimited

  26. Chapter 25 – Second Śatakratu

  27. Chapter 26 – Getting Old

  28. Chapter 27 – Reliquary

  29. Chapter 28 – Declaration of the Good Qualities of the Thought of Awakening

  30. Chapter 29 – Different Tīrthika Religious Mendicants

  31. Chapter 30 – The Benefits of Taking Up and Adoration

  32. Chapter 31 – Physical Remains

  33. Chapter 32 – The Superiority of Merit

  34. Chapter 33 – Dedication

  35. Chapter 34 – Perfect Praise of the Quality of Accomplishment

  36. Chapter 35 – Hells

  37. Chapter 36 – Teaching The Purity of all Dharmas

  38. Chapter 37 – Nobody

  39. Chapter 38 – Cannot Be Apprehended

  40. Chapter 39 – The Northern Region

  41. Chapter 40 – The Work of Māra

  42. Chapter 41 – Not Complete Because of Māra

  43. Chapter 42 – Revealing the World

  44. Chapter 43 – Inconceivable

  45. Chapter 44 – Made Up

  46. Chapter 45 – A Boat

  47. Chapter 46 – Teaching the Intrinsic Nature of All Dharmas

  48. Chapter 47 – Taming Greed

  49. Chapter 48 – A Presentation of the Bodhisattvas' Training

  50. Chapter 49 – Irreversibility

  51. Chapter 50 – Teaching the Signs of Irreversibility

  52. Chapter 51 – Skillful means

  53. Chapter 52 – Completion of the Means

  54. Chapter 53 – The Prophecy about Gaṅgadevī

  55. Chapter 54 – Teaching the Cultivation of Skillful Means

  56. Chapter 55 – Teaching the Stopping of Thought Construction [in absolute terms]

  57. Chapter 56 – Equal Training

  58. Chapter 57 – Practice

  59. Chapter 58 – Exposition of the Absence of Thought Construction [in absolute terms]

  60. Chapter 59 – Non-attachment

  61. Chapter 60 – Entrusting

  62. Chapter 61 – Inexhaustible

  63. Chapter 62 – Leaping Above Absorption

  64. Chapter 63 – Many Inquiries about the Two Dharmas

  65. Chapter 64 – Perfectly Displayed

  66. Chapter 65 – Worshiping, Serving, and Attending on Spiritual Friends as Skillful Means

  67. Chapter 66 – A Demonstration of Skillful Means

  68. Chapter 67 – Morality

  69. Chapter 68 – Growing and Flourishing

  70. Chapter 69 – An Explanation of Meditation on The Path

  71. Chapter 70 – An Explanation of Serial Action, Training, and Practice

  72. Chapter 71 – The True Nature of Dharmas That Cannot Be Apprehended

  73. Chapter 72 – Teaching the Absence of Marks

  74. Chapter 73 – Exposition of the Major Marks and Minor Signs and the Completion of Letters

  75. Chapter 74 – Exposition of the Sameness of Dharmas

  76. Chapter 75 – Exposition of Non-complication –

  77. Chapter 76 – The Armor for Bringing Beings to Maturity

  78. Chapter 77 – Teaching the Purification of a Buddhafield

  79. Chapter 78 – Teaching the Skillful Means for the Purification of a Buddhafield

  80. Chapter 79 – Teaching the Non Existence of an Intrinsic Nature

  81. Chapter 80 – Teaching that there is No Defilement or Purification

  82. Chapter 81 – Yogic Practice of the Ultimate

  83. Chapter 82 – The Unchanging True Nature of Dharmas

  84. Chapter 83 – Categorization of a Bodhisattva's Training

  85. Chapter 84 – Collection

  86. Chapter 85 – Sadāprarudita

  87. Chapter 86 – Dharmodgata

  88. Chapter 87 – Entrusting

  89. Résumés in bullet points of all chapters.




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