Wednesday, June 15, 2022

Prajnaparamita-18K - Chapter 27 - Great Merit - 327

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The Transcendent Perfection of Wisdom
in Eighteen Thousand Lines - 327
Daśa­sāhasrikā­prajñā­pāramitā

– Chapter 27 - Great Merit –

Source: https://read.84000.co/translation/toh10.html

More Analysis of Mahayana Sutras : https://www.gilehtblog.com/2021/03/table-of-content.html


[Back to Résumés of chapters 1-41]

27. RELIQUARY – Which of them makes the greater merit?

(i.e. Résumé:
This very perfection of wisdom makes that place serve as a reliquary for all beings, suitable to be worshiped, honored, revered, and venerated with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners.
-
Producing without producing immeasurable merit, without apprehending anything:
Bodhisattvas, inseparable from the thought of the knowledge of all aspects, should write out and make this perfection of wisdom into a book; should constantly listen to, takes it up, bears it in mind, reads it aloud (recite), masters it, set in motion, and properly pays attention to just this perfection of wisdom; and they should respect, revere, honor, and worship it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners.

They should also take up, bear in mind, recite, master, and pay proper attention to all the other infinite buddha-dharmas included in the perfection of wisdom.
This way they would accumulate immeasurable merit & wisdom together.
Why? Because all wholesome dharmas are included in the perfection of wisdom.

Then the Lord said to Śatakratu, head of the gods,

  • "Kauśika, if some son of a good family or daughter of a good family takes up or bears in mind or reads out loud or recites or teaches or intones or harmonizes with or properly pays attention to this deep perfection of wisdom,
    and if they go up to the front line of battle (opposition with others) and have engaged in or are engaging in, or are traversing, or are sitting down or standing up in a battle that is underway, Kauśika,
    even if an arrow or a club or a stick or a stone or a sword is flung (figuratively speaking) at
    that son of a good family or daughter of a good family who takes up or bears in mind or reads out loud or recites or teaches or intones or harmonizes with or properly pays attention to this deep perfection of wisdom,
    it is impossible that those projectiles (figuratively) would land on their body;
    it is impossible that the attacks of others would interfere with their life.

And why?

  • Kauśika, it is because that son of a good family or daughter of a good family
    who has practiced the perfection of wisdom for a long time
    has vanquished [transcended] their own greed arrows and greed swords;
    they have vanquished [transcended] others' greed arrows and greed swords;
    they have vanquished [transcended] their own hatred arrows and confusion arrows
    and their hatred swords and confusion swords;
    they have vanquished [transcended] others' hatred arrows and confusion arrows
    and hatred swords and confusion swords;
    they have vanquished [transcended] their own arrows of instances of views and swords of instances of views, and
    they have vanquished [transcended] others' arrows of instances of views and swords of instances of views;
    they have vanquished [transcended] their own obsession arrows and obsession swords, and
    they have vanquished [transcended] others' obsession arrows and obsession swords; and
    they have vanquished [transcended] their own proclivity arrows and proclivity swords, and
    they have vanquished [transcended] others' proclivity arrows and proclivity swords.
    -
    Kauśika, because of this one of many explanations,
    even if an arrow or a sword (figuratively) is flung at a son of a good family or daughter of a good family,
    it does not land on their body.

  • "Furthermore, Kauśika, if someone throws non-medicine at, 402 casts a harmful spell on, 403 prepares 404 a fire pit for, strikes with a weapon, gives poison to drink to, 405 or attempts to drown 406
    a son of a good family or daughter of a good family who takes up, bears in mind, recites, masters, and properly pays attention to this deep perfection of wisdom without being separated from the thought of the knowledge of all aspects,
    _________________________________________
    none of these will have any effect on them.
    _________________________________________

And why?

  • Kauśika, it is because this perfection of wisdom is a great knowledge-mantra;
    Kauśika, this perfection of wisdom is an unsurpassed knowledge-mantra;
    Kauśika, this perfection of wisdom is a knowledge-mantra equal to the unequaled,
    and, Kauśika, sons of a good family or daughters of a good family training in it
    are not thinking about harm to themselves,
    are not thinking about harm to others,
    and are not thinking about harm to both, either.

"And why?

  • Because they do not apprehend self,
    do not apprehend other,
    and do not apprehend both;
    they do not apprehend form,
    and they do not apprehend feelings, perceptions, volitional factors, or consciousness;
    they do not apprehend the constituents, the sense fields, the dependent originations, the perfections, the emptinesses, the dharmas on the side of awakening, the powers, the fearlessnesses, the detailed and thorough knowledges, the buddha-dharmas, up to or even the knowledge of all aspects.
    ______________________________________________________________
    And because they are not apprehending [T2] anything [T1] [U2T],
    ______________________________________________________________
    they are not thinking about harm to themselves,
    they are not thinking about harm to others,
    and they are not thinking about harm to both.
    They reach unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening and gaze down upon all beings.

"And why?

  • Because past tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfectly complete buddhas trained in this knowledge-mantra and fully awakened to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening;
    tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfectly complete buddhas will, having trained in this perfection of wisdom, fully awaken to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening in the future;
    and tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfectly complete buddhas presently in world systems in the ten directions are fully awakening to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening, having trained in this perfection of wisdom.

  • "Furthermore, Kauśika, a human or nonhuman looking for a way to infiltrate
    does not find a way to infiltrate
    where this perfection of wisdom is written out or borne in mind,
    even if it is not taken up, not read aloud, not recited from memory, not mastered, and not properly paid attention to.

And why?

  • Because in order to worship this perfection of wisdom all the Cāturmahā­rājika gods, the Trāyastriṃśa, up to the Akaniṣṭha class of gods stationed in this great billionfold world system, and all the Cāturmahā­rājika gods, he Trāyastriṃśa, up to the Akaniṣṭha class of gods stationed in infinite countless world systems
    constantly and always guard, protect, and keep safe those sons of a good family and daughters of a good family;
    and wherever this perfection of wisdom has been written out and borne in mind those gods come and show respect to this perfection of wisdom, and they honor, revere, and worship it there and, having worshiped it, take their leave.
    Kauśika, given that even someone who writes out or bears in mind this perfection of wisdom
    gets such good qualities and benefits as this in this life,
    what need is there to say that those who, having written out this perfection of wisdom, take it up, bear it in mind, read it aloud, recite it from memory, master it, and properly pay attention to it do so?

  • "To illustrate, Kauśika, humans or nonhumans cannot inflict violence or injury on any creature born in the birthplace of a human being or an animal that has gone to the site of awakening, or into the vicinity of the site of awakening, or inside the site of awakening.

And why?

  • Because seated there, earlier tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfectly complete buddhas fully awakened to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening; and present and future tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfectly complete buddhas
    are fully awakening and will fully awaken to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening there too.
    Having fully awakened to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening
    they establish all beings in fearlessness, freedom from enmity, freedom from harming, and freedom from hostility.
    Having established all beings in fearlessness, freedom from enmity, freedom from harming, and freedom from hostility,
    they establish infinite, countless beings
      in the perfect state of gods and humans;
      in the result of stream enterer, the result of once-returner, and the result of non-returner;
      in the state of a worthy one;
      in a pratyekabuddha's awakening; and
      in unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.

And why?

  • Kauśika,
    _________________________________________________________________________________
    it is because this very perfection of wisdom makes that place serve as a reliquary for all beings,
    suitable to be worshiped, honored, revered,______________________________________________
    and venerated with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, ____________________
    robes, parasols, flags, and banners."____________________________________________________
    _________________________________________________________________________________
    (i.e. Reliquary: "a container or shrine in which sacred relics are kept")

Having said this, Śatakratu, head of the gods, said to the Lord,

  • "A certain son of a good family or daughter of a good family, having borne in mind the perfection of wisdom written out in book form, respects, reveres, honors, and worships it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, clothes, parasols, flags, and banners.
    Someone else deposits the physical remains 407 of a tathāgata, worthy one, perfect, complete buddha who has passed into nirvāṇa in a reliquary and, having deposited them there, looks after and bears them in mind and respects, reveres, honors, and worships them with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, clothes, parasols, flags, and banners.
    ___________________________________________
    Which of them makes the greater merit?"
    ___________________________________________

Śatakratu, head of the gods having thus inquired, the Lord said to him,

  • "So, Kauśika, here I will pose a counterquestion right to you.
    You should answer to the extent you can.
    What path do you think a tathāgata, worthy one, perfectly complete buddha, who has acquired the knowledge of all aspects and for whom such a tathāgata's body has come into being, has trained in, in order to awaken to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening, in order to acquire the knowledge of all aspects, and for such a tathāgata's body to come into being?"

The Lord having asked this, Śatakratu, head of the gods, answered him,

  • "Lord, a body like this has come into being for a tathāgata, worthy one, perfectly complete buddha, who, having trained in just this perfection of wisdom, has awakened to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening and acquired the knowledge of all aspects."

"Exactly so, Kauśika, exactly so," said the Lord.

  • "A body like this has come into being for a tathāgata, worthy one, perfectly complete buddha, who, having trained in just this perfection of wisdom, has awakened to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening and acquired the knowledge of all aspects.

  • Therefore, Kauśika, a tathāgata is not counted a 'tathāgata' because of acquiring such a body as this;
    a tathāgata is counted a 'tathāgata' because of acquiring the knowledge of all aspects.
    The knowledge of all aspects has come forth, Kauśika, from the perfection of wisdom.

  • Similarly, acquiring such a tathāgata's physical body has come forth from the perfection of wisdom as well, so it serves as a support for the knowledge of a knower of all aspects.
    Based on that support the existence of the knowledge of a knower of all aspects is established,
    and from the existence of the knowledge of a knower of all aspects, the existence of the Buddha is established, the existence of the Dharma is established, and the existence of the Saṅgha is established.

  • Thus, acquiring this body serves as a support for the knowledge of a knower of all aspects,
    and it is because it serves as such a support that it serves as a reliquary for all beings,
    suitable to be venerated, honored, worshiped, respected, revered, and attended to.
    So too will those physical remains of mine be worshiped when I have passed into nirvāṇa.

  • "Therefore, Kauśika, any son of a good family or daughter of a good family who, having borne respectfully in mind this perfection of wisdom written out in book form just by respecting, revering, honoring, worshiping, venerating, and attending to it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners
    and with manifold other kinds of worship
    ______________________________________
    produces far greater merit than that.
    ______________________________________

And why?

  • Because, Kauśika, that son of a good family or daughter of a good family would have made an offering to the knowledge of a knower of all aspects.
    When any son of a good family or daughter of a good family has written out in book form this perfection of wisdom and respects, reveres, honors, worships, venerates, and attends to it, just that produces far greater merit than that.

And why?

  • Because they would have made an offering to the knowledge of a knower of all aspects,
    and because the five other perfections issue forth from it;
    because inner emptiness, up to the emptiness that is the nonexistence of an intrinsic nature, the applications of mindfulness, the right efforts, the legs of miraculous power, the faculties, the powers, the limbs of awakening, and the path, the ten powers, the four fearlessnesses, the four detailed and thorough knowledges, and the eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha issue forth from it;
    because all the meditative stabilizations and all the dhāraṇī gateways issue forth from it;
    because bringing beings to maturity issues forth from it;
    because the purification of a buddhafield also issues forth from it;
    because the perfect family, perfect enjoyments, and perfect retinue of bodhisattva great beings also issue forth from it;
    because great love and great compassion issue forth from it;
    because great sāla tree–like royal families, great sāla tree–like brahmin families, and great sāla tree–like business families also issue forth from it; because the Cāturmahā­rājika gods, up to Akaniṣṭha class of gods also issue forth from it;
    because stream enterers, once-returners, non-returners, worthy ones, and pratyekabuddhas issue forth from it;
    because bodhisattva great beings also issue forth from it;
    because tathāgatas, worthy ones, perfectly complete buddhas also issue forth from it; and
    because the knowledge of all aspects issues forth from it too."

Then Śatakratu, head of the gods, inquired of the Lord,

  • "Lord, is it that those human beings 408 of Jambudvīpa who do not respect, do not revere, do not honor, do not worship, do not venerate, and do not attend to this perfection of wisdom with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners do not realize there is such a great benefit when the perfection of wisdom is worshiped, such a great power when the perfection of wisdom is worshiped?"

Śatakratu, head of the gods, having thus inquired, the Lord asked him in return,

  • "What do you think, Kauśika, from among the human beings of Jambudvīpa,
    __________________________________________________________________
    how many are endowed with an unbreakable faith in the Buddha,_______
    are endowed with an unbreakable faith in the Dharma and Saṅgha,_____________
    re not unsure about the Buddha, and are not unsure about the Dharma and Saṅgha,
    __________________________________________________________________
    with an unquestioned certainty about the Buddha______________________
    and with an unquestioned certainty about the Dharma and Saṅgha?"____________
    __________________________________________________________________

The Lord having asked this, Śatakratu, head of the gods, said to him,

  • "From among the human beings of Jambudvīpa,
    few are endowed with an unbreakable faith in the Buddha,
    are endowed with an unbreakable faith in the Dharma and Saṅgha,
    are not unsure about the Buddha, and are not unsure about the Dharma and Saṅgha,
    with an unquestioned certainty about the Buddha,
    and with an unquestioned certainty about the Dharma and Saṅgha."

"Exactly so, Kauśika, exactly so," said the Lord.

  • ________________________________________________________________________
    "From among the human beings of Jambudvīpa, few______________________
    are endowed with an unbreakable faith in the Buddha, Dharma, and Saṅgha.
    ________________________________________________________________________
    Even fewer than them are those who resort to the ten wholesome actions;
    even fewer than them are those who apply themselves to cultivating giving and morality;
    even fewer than them are those who cultivate the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening;
    even fewer than them are those who cultivate the three gateways to liberation;
    even fewer than them are those who cultivate the eight deliverances; and
    even fewer than them are those who cultivate the nine serial absorptions.
    Similarly, there are even fewer who cultivate the four detailed and thorough knowledges and six clairvoyances.

  • "Kauśika, from among the human beings of Jambudvīpa,
    how many have reached stream enterer because of eliminating the three fetters;
    once-returner because of weakening greed, hatred, and confusion;
    non-returner because of eliminating the five fetters that are associated with the lower realms;
    or worthy one because of eliminating the five fetters that are associated with the upper realms?
    From among the human beings of Jambudvīpa,
    how many have set out in the Pratyekabuddha Vehicle,
    and from among the human beings of Jambudvīpa,
    how many have set out for unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening?"

"Lord," replied Śatakratu,

  • "from among the human beings of Jambudvīpa, few are those who resort to the ten wholesome actions.
    Connect this in the same way with each, up to extremely few are those who have set out for unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening."

"Exactly so, Kauśika," said the Lord.

  • "It is just as you say.
    Fewer than them are those who practice for awakening.

And why?

  • _______________________________________________________________
    Because those streaming through cyclic existence__________
    have not seen the Buddha, have not listened to the Dharma,
    and have not attended on the Saṅgha._______________________
    _______________________________________________________________
    They have not given gifts,
    have not been devoted to morality,
    have not cultivated wisdom,
    have not heard about the perfection of giving,
    have not heard about the perfections of morality, patience, perseverance, concentration, and wisdom,
    and have not heard about inner emptiness, up to not heard about the emptiness that is the nonexistence of an intrinsic nature.
    They have not heard about the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening;
    they have not heard about and have not cultivated the meditative stabilizations, dhāraṇī gateways, ten powers, fearlessnesses, detailed and thorough knowledges, and eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha;
    up to and they have not heard about and have not cultivated the knowledge of all aspects.
    -
    _____________________________________________________________________
    For that reason, Kauśika, from among the human beings of Jambudvīpa,
    few are endowed with an unbreakable faith in the Buddha.______________
    _____________________________________________________________________
    Connect this in the same way with each,
    up to few are those who have set out for unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.
    Even fewer than them are those who practice for awakening;
    fewer than them are those who produce the thought of awakening; 409
    fewer than them are those who do the yogic practice of the perfection of wisdom;
    fewer than them are those who do the practice of the perfection of wisdom;
    fewer than them are those who stand on the irreversible level; and
    fewer even than them are those who will fully awaken to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.

  • "Kauśika, here with my unobscured buddha eye I see in the eastern direction infinite, countless beings
    who have produced the thought of unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening
    and are practicing the perfection of wisdom,
    but among them I see only one or two bodhisattvas standing on the irreversible level.
    Most, without skillful means, are standing at the śrāvaka level and at the pratyekabuddha level.

And why?

  • Kauśika, it is because it is hard for those who are lazy, deficient in perseverance,
    deficient in fortitude, with an admiration for the deficient, and intellectually confused
    to accomplish unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.

  • Similarly, with my unobscured buddha eye I see in the southern, western, northern, northeastern, southeastern, southwestern, northwestern directions, below and above, infinite, countless beings
    who have produced the thought of unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening
    and are practicing the perfection of wisdom,
    but among them only one or two bodhisattvas standing on the irreversible level.
    Most, without skillful means, are standing at the śrāvaka level and at the pratyekabuddha level.

And why?

  • Kauśika, it is because it is hard for those who are lazy, deficient in perseverance, deficient in fortitude, with an admiration for the deficient, and intellectually confused to accomplish unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening.

  • "Therefore, Kauśika, a son of a good family or daughter of a good family who wants to quickly and easily awaken fully to unsurpassed, perfect, complete awakening
    should constantly listen to, take up, bear in mind, recite, master, set in motion, inquire about, and pay proper attention to just this perfection of wisdom,
    and they should respect, revere, honor, and worship it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners.
    They should also take up, bear in mind, recite, master, and pay proper attention to all the other wholesome dharmas included in the perfection of wisdom‍ — that is, the perfection of giving, perfection of morality, perfection of patience, perfection of perseverance, and perfection of concentration; inner emptiness, outer emptiness, inner and outer emptiness, up to the emptiness that is the nonexistence of an intrinsic nature; all the meditative stabilizations, all the dhāraṇī gateways, the applications of mindfulness, the right efforts, the legs of miraculous power, the faculties, the powers, the limbs of awakening, and the eightfold noble path; the ten powers, four fearlessnesses, four detailed and thorough knowledges, and eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha; and great love and great compassion.
    They should also take up, bear in mind, recite, master,
    and pay proper attention to all the other infinite buddha-dharmas included in the perfection of wisdom.

"And why?

  • Kauśika, it is because those sons of a good family or daughters of a good family will understand,
    'Tathāgatas training in this perfection of wisdom
    also trained in the perfection of wisdom, 410 perfection of concentration, perfection of perseverance, perfection of patience, perfection of morality, and perfection of giving;
    in inner emptiness, up to the emptiness that is the nonexistence of an intrinsic nature;
    in all the meditative stabilizations, all the dhāraṇī gateways, the ten powers, the fearlessnesses, the detailed and thorough knowledges, and the eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha; in great love and great compassion;
    and in all the other infinite buddha-dharmas, so we too should follow them in training in this perfection of wisdom.
    This perfection of wisdom is our teacher.'
    Therefore, Kauśika, whether the Tathāgata remains or passes into nirvāṇa,
    bodhisattva great beings fall back on just this perfection of wisdom."

Then Śatakratu, head of the gods, asked the Lord,

  • "How much merit
    does a son of a good family or daughter of a good family who worships this perfection of wisdom create?"

"Kauśika," said the Lord,

  • "were a son of a good family or daughter of a good family to direct that a stūpa be made of the seven precious stones 411 for the worship of a tathāgata who had passed into nirvāṇa, and, having done so, were they to respect, revere, honor, and worship it with divine flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners for as long as they lived, what do you think, Kauśika, would that son of a good family or daughter of a good family create a lot of merit based on that?"

  • "A lot, Lord; a lot, Sugata," replied Śatakratu.

"Kauśika," said the Lord,

  • "were a son of a good family or daughter of a good family, inseparable from the thought of the knowledge of all aspects, to take up, bear in mind, read aloud, master, illuminate for others, and pay proper attention to just this perfection of wisdom, and, having written it out, were they to respect, revere, honor, and worship it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners, they would create even more merit than that.

  • "Kauśika, let alone a stūpa made of the seven precious stones, were some son of a good family or daughter of a good family, Kauśika, to fill up this Jambudvīpa with stūpas, all of them a yojana in height, for the worship of a tathāgata who had passed into nirvāṇa, and, having done so, were they to respect, revere, honor, worship, venerate, and attend to them with divine flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners, what do you think, Kauśika, based on that would that son of a good family or daughter of a good family make even more merit than that?"

  • "A lot, Lord; a lot, Sugata," replied Śatakratu.

"Kauśika," said the Lord,

  • "were a son of a good family or daughter of a good family, inseparable from the thought of the knowledge of all aspects, to take up, bear in mind, read aloud, master, illuminate for others, and pay proper attention to just this perfection of wisdom, and, having written it out, were they to respect, revere, honor, and worship it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners, and with manifold other kinds of worship, they would make even more merit than that.

  • "Kauśika, let alone this Jambudvīpa filled with stūpas of a tathāgata, were some son of a good family or daughter of a good family, Kauśika, to fill up this four-continent world system with stūpas made of the seven precious stones, all of them a yojana in height, for the worship of a tathāgata who had passed into nirvāṇa, and were they to respect, revere, honor, worship, venerate, and attend to them with divine flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners, what do you think, Kauśika, based on that, would that son of a good family or daughter of a good family make a lot of merit?"

  • "A lot, Lord; a lot, Sugata," replied Śatakratu.

"Kauśika," said the Lord,

  • "were a son of a good family or daughter of a good family, inseparable from the thought of the knowledge of all aspects, to take up, bear in mind, read aloud, master, illuminate for others, and pay proper attention to just this perfection of wisdom, and were they, having done nothing but make it into a book, 412 to respect, revere, honor, and worship it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners, they would make even more merit than that.

  • "Kauśika, let alone this four-continent world system filled with stūpas of a tathāgata, were some son of a good family or daughter of a good family, Kauśika, to fill up this thousandfold world system with stūpas made of the seven precious stones, all of them a yojana in height, for the worship of a tathāgata who had passed into nirvāṇa, and, having filled them, were they to respect, revere, honor, worship, venerate, and attend to them with divine flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners, what do you think, Kauśika, based on that would that son of a good family or daughter of a good family make a lot of merit?"

  • "A lot, Lord; a lot, Sugata," replied Śatakratu.

"Kauśika," said the Lord,

  • "were a son of a good family or daughter of a good family, inseparable from the thought of the knowledge of all aspects, having done nothing but write out and make this perfection of wisdom into a book, to take up, bear in mind, read aloud, master, illuminate for others, and pay proper attention to it, and were they to respect, revere, honor, and worship it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners, they would make even more merit than that.

  • "Kauśika, let alone this thousandfold world system filled with stūpas made of the seven precious stones, were some person, Kauśika, to cause this millionfold world system to be filled up with stūpas made of the seven precious stones, all of them a yojana in height, for the worship of a tathāgata who had passed into nirvāṇa, and, having done so, were they to respect, revere, honor, and worship them with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners, what do you think, Kauśika, based on that, would that son of a good family or daughter of a good family make a lot of merit?"

  • "A lot, Lord; a lot, Sugata," replied Śatakratu.

"Kauśika," said the Lord,

  • "were a son of a good family or daughter of a good family, inseparable from the thought of the knowledge of all aspects, to do nothing but make this perfection of wisdom into a book and respect, revere, honor, and worship it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners, they would make even more merit than that.

  • "Kauśika, let alone even this millionfold world system filled with stūpas made of the seven precious stones, were some son of a good family or daughter of a good family, Kauśika, to fill this great billionfold world system with stūpas made of the seven precious stones, all of them a yojana in height, for the worship of a tathāgata who had passed into nirvāṇa, and, having filled it, were that son of a good family or daughter of a good family to respect, revere, honor, and worship them with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners, what do you think, Kauśika, based on that would that son of a good family or daughter of a good family make a lot of merit?"

  • "A lot, Lord; a lot, Sugata," replied Śatakratu.

"Kauśika," said the Lord,

  • "were a son of a good family or daughter of a good family, inseparable from the thought of the knowledge of all aspects, having done nothing but write out and make this perfection of wisdom into a book, to take up, bear in mind, read aloud, and master it, and to respect, revere, honor, and worship it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners, they would make even more merit than that.

  • "Kauśika, let alone worship when this great billionfold world system has been filled with stūpas made of the seven precious stones, even were each single being included in the collection of beings standing in this great billionfold world system, Kauśika, to cause stūpas made of the seven precious stones to be made for the worship of a tathāgata who had passed into nirvāṇa and were to respect, revere, honor, and worship them with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners, still, a son of a good family or daughter of a good family, inseparable from the thought of the knowledge of all aspects, who makes this perfection of wisdom into a book, takes up, bears in mind, reads aloud, masters, and properly pays attention to it, and worships it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, robes, parasols, flags, and banners would, just by that, make even more merit than that."

The Lord having said this, Śatakratu, head of the gods, said to him,

  • "So it is, Lord, so it is. Lord, through having respected, revered, honored, and worshiped the perfection of wisdom, they have respected, revered, honored, and worshiped past, future, and present lord buddhas.

  • "Lord, were each single being of the beings in as many world systems as there are sand particles in the Gaṅgā River to the east to cause stūpas made of the seven precious stones, all of them a yojana in height, to be made for the worship of a tathāgata who had passed into nirvāṇa, and for an eon or for even more than an eon were to respect, revere, honor, and worship them with divine flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, clothes, parasols, flags, and banners, based on that would those sons of a good family or daughters of a good family make a lot of merit

  • Similarly, Lord, were each single being of the beings in as many world systems as there are sand particles in the Gaṅgā River in each of the ten directions to cause stūpas made of the seven precious stones, all of them a yojana in height, to be made for the worship of a tathāgata who had passed into nirvāṇa, and for an eon or for even more than an eon were to respect, revere, honor, and worship them with divine flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, clothes, parasols, flags, and banners, based on that would those sons of a good family or daughters of a good family make a lot of merit?"

  • "Exactly so. Kauśika, exactly so. A lot, Kauśika," replied the Lord.

"Lord," said Śatakratu,

  • "a son of a good family or daughter of a good family who writes out and makes this perfection of wisdom into a book; takes it up, bears it in mind, reads it aloud, masters it, and properly pays attention to it; and respects, reveres, honors, and worships it with flowers, perfumes, incense, garlands, creams, powders, clothes, parasols, flags, and banners would make even more merit than that.

And why?

  • Lord, it is because all wholesome dharmas are included in the perfection of wisdom,
    that is, the ten wholesome actions, the four concentrations, the four immeasurables, the four formless absorptions, the thirty-seven dharmas on the side of awakening, the three gateways to liberation, the four noble truths, the six clairvoyances, the eight deliverances, and the nine serial absorptions; the perfection of giving, perfection of morality, perfection of patience, perfection of perseverance, and perfection of concentration;
    inner emptiness, outer emptiness, inner and outer emptiness, up to the emptiness that is the nonexistence of an intrinsic nature;
    all the meditative stabilizations, all the dhāraṇī gateways, the applications of mindfulness, the ten tathāgata powers, the four fearlessnesses, the four detailed and thorough knowledges, and the eighteen distinct attributes of a buddha;
    great love and great compassion;
    all-knowledge, knowledge of path aspects, and knowledge of all aspects;
    and all wholesome dharmas are included in the perfection of wisdom.
    -
    So this, Lord, is that doctrine of the lord buddhas, having trained in which past, future, and present bodhisattvas, pratyekabuddhas, and śrāvakas have gone forth, will go forth, and are going forth."

This was the twenty-seventh chapter, "Reliquary," of "The Perfection of Wisdom in Eighteen Thousand Lines." 413




Access to other chapters on the Blog:
(Work in progress. Empty files means they are not done yet.)

  1. Chapter 0 – Introduction to the Sutra

  2. Chapter 1 – Introduction / the Assembly

  3. Chapter 2 – Production of the Thought

  4. Chapter 3 – designation [U2T]

  5. Chapter 4 – Equal to the Unequal

  6. Chapter 5 – Tongue

  7. Chapter 6 – Subhūti

  8. Chapter 7 – Entry into flawlessness

  9. Chapter 8 – The Religious Mendicant Śreṇika

  10. Chapter 9 – Causal Signs

  11. Chapter 10 – Illusion-like

  12. Chapter 11 – Embarrassment

  13. Chapter 12 – Elimination of Views

  14. Chapter 13 – The Six Perfections

  15. Chapter 14 – Neither Bound nor Freed

  16. Chapter 15 – Meditative Stabilization

  17. Chapter 16 – Dhāraṇī Gateway

  18. Chapter 17 – Level Purification

  19. Chapter 18 – The Exposition of Going Forth in the Great Vehicle [cause / path]

  20. Chapter 19 – Surpassing

  21. Chapter 20 – Not Two

  22. Chapter 21 – Subhūti

  23. Chapter 22 – Śatakratu

  24. Chapter 23 – Hard to Understand

  25. Chapter 24 – Unlimited

  26. Chapter 25 – Second Śatakratu

  27. Chapter 26 – Getting Old

  28. Chapter 27 – Reliquary

  29. Chapter 28 – Declaration of the Good Qualities of the Thought of Awakening

  30. Chapter 29 – Different Tīrthika Religious Mendicants

  31. Chapter 30 – The Benefits of Taking Up and Adoration

  32. Chapter 31 – Physical Remains

  33. Chapter 32 – The Superiority of Merit

  34. Chapter 33 – Dedication

  35. Chapter 34 – Perfect Praise of the Quality of Accomplishment

  36. Chapter 35 – Hells

  37. Chapter 36 – Teaching The Purity of all Dharmas

  38. Chapter 37 – Nobody

  39. Chapter 38 – Cannot Be Apprehended

  40. Chapter 39 – The Northern Region

  41. Chapter 40 – The Work of Māra

  42. Chapter 41 – Not Complete Because of Māra

  43. Chapter 42 – Revealing the World

  44. Chapter 43 – Inconceivable

  45. Chapter 44 – Made Up

  46. Chapter 45 – A Boat

  47. Chapter 46 – Teaching the Intrinsic Nature of All Dharmas

  48. Chapter 47 – Taming Greed

  49. Chapter 48 – A Presentation of the Bodhisattvas' Training

  50. Chapter 49 – Irreversibility

  51. Chapter 50 – Teaching the Signs of Irreversibility

  52. Chapter 51 – Skillful means

  53. Chapter 52 – Completion of the Means

  54. Chapter 53 – The Prophecy about Gaṅgadevī

  55. Chapter 54 – Teaching the Cultivation of Skillful Means

  56. Chapter 55 – Teaching the Stopping of Thought Construction [in absolute terms]

  57. Chapter 56 – Equal Training

  58. Chapter 57 – Practice

  59. Chapter 58 – Exposition of the Absence of Thought Construction [in absolute terms]

  60. Chapter 59 – Non-attachment

  61. Chapter 60 – Entrusting

  62. Chapter 61 – Inexhaustible

  63. Chapter 62 – Leaping Above Absorption

  64. Chapter 63 – Many Inquiries about the Two Dharmas

  65. Chapter 64 – Perfectly Displayed

  66. Chapter 65 – Worshiping, Serving, and Attending on Spiritual Friends as Skillful Means

  67. Chapter 66 – A Demonstration of Skillful Means

  68. Chapter 67 – Morality

  69. Chapter 68 – Growing and Flourishing

  70. Chapter 69 – An Explanation of Meditation on The Path

  71. Chapter 70 – An Explanation of Serial Action, Training, and Practice

  72. Chapter 71 – The True Nature of Dharmas That Cannot Be Apprehended

  73. Chapter 72 – Teaching the Absence of Marks

  74. Chapter 73 – Exposition of the Major Marks and Minor Signs and the Completion of Letters

  75. Chapter 74 – Exposition of the Sameness of Dharmas

  76. Chapter 75 – Exposition of Non-complication –

  77. Chapter 76 – The Armor for Bringing Beings to Maturity

  78. Chapter 77 – Teaching the Purification of a Buddhafield

  79. Chapter 78 – Teaching the Skillful Means for the Purification of a Buddhafield

  80. Chapter 79 – Teaching the Non Existence of an Intrinsic Nature

  81. Chapter 80 – Teaching that there is No Defilement or Purification

  82. Chapter 81 – Yogic Practice of the Ultimate

  83. Chapter 82 – The Unchanging True Nature of Dharmas

  84. Chapter 83 – Categorization of a Bodhisattva's Training

  85. Chapter 84 – Collection

  86. Chapter 85 – Sadāprarudita

  87. Chapter 86 – Dharmodgata

  88. Chapter 87 – Entrusting

  89. Résumés in bullet points of all chapters.




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