The Summary of Mahamudra - Naropa
[0. Title & Homage]
Sanskrit: Mahamudra Padametha
Tibetan: phyag rgya chen po tshig bsdus pa (Chagya Chenpo Tsig Dupa)
Homage to the great state of bliss!
[1. Mahamudra of Perception / View]
1.1 First, stating the nature of (objects / phenomena, and relations / actions) the Mahamudra of perception:
Concerning what is called Mahamudra:
All things (objects / phenomena) are (co-dependent with) your own mind (subject) (and vice versa).
Seeing objects as external [separate / independent of the subject / mind] is a mistaken concept;
Like a dream, they are empty of concreteness (thus empty of inherent existence).
1.2 Second, stating the nature of (the subject / mind,) the Mahamudra of awareness:
This mind (subject), as well, is a mere movement of attention (co-dependent with the objects / phenomena and the relations / actions, and vice versa)
That has no self-nature, being merely like a gust of wind.
Empty of identity, like space, (thus empty of inherent existence)
All things, like space, are equal. (i.e. Not different / separate / multiple / dual, not identical / united / one / non-dual, not both together, not neither.)
1.3 Third, stating the nature of the Mahamudra of Union [of the Two Truths about the three spheres]:
When speaking of 'Mahamudra,'
It is not an identity that can be shown.
Therefore the mind's suchness
Is itself the state of Mahamudra. (= the true nature of the mind / Reality, the Ground, the Union of the Two Truths)
Thus he taught the Mahamudra of the view through the threefold perception, awareness and Union.
[2. Mahamudra of Meditation]
2.1 Next, among the three points on the Mahamudra of meditation,
first stating the nature of the Mahamudra of the basic state [ / Ground]:
It is neither something to be corrected nor transformed,
But when anyone sees and realizes its nature
All that appears and exists is Mahamudra (the Ground / Union of the Two truths),
The great and all-encompassing dharmakaya. (i.e. Let it be! Nothing to accept nothing to reject … since everything is Mahamudra.)
2.2 Second, stating the nature of the Mahamudra of realization:
Naturally and without contriving, allowed to simply be,
This unimagined dharmakaya,
Letting it be without seeking is the meditation training,
But to meditate while seeking is deluded mind. (i.e. Let it be! Nothing to accept nothing to reject … since everything is Mahamudra.)
2.3 Third, stating the nature of the Mahamudra of indivisibility [ / Oneness]:
Just as with space, just as with a magical display,
While neither cultivating nor not cultivating
How can you be separate or not separate!
This is a yogi's understanding. (i.e. Let it be! Nothing to accept nothing to reject … since everything is Mahamudra.)
[3. Mahamudra of Conduct]
3.1 Once more, for the three points about the Mahamudra of conduct,
first, stating the nature of the Mahamudra of self-liberation:
All the good deeds of harmful actions
Dissolve by simply knowing this nature. (i.e. Self-liberation / purification / transcendence through direct wisdom.)
The emotions are the great wisdom;
Like a jungle fire, they are the yogi's helpers.
3.2 Second, stating the nature of the Mahamudra of equal taste:
How can there be staying or going?
What meditation is there by fleeing to a hermitage?
Without understanding this, all possible means
Never bring more than temporary liberation.
3.3 Third, stating the nature of the Mahamudra of indivisibility:
When understanding this nature, what is there to bind you?
While being undistracted from its continuity,
There is neither a composed nor an uncomposed state
To be cultivated or corrected with a remedy.)
[4. Mahamudra of Fruition]
4.1 Once more, for the three points about the Mahamudra of fruition,
first, stating the nature of the Mahamudra of what appears and exists:
It is not made out of anything.
Experience self-liberated is dharmadhatu.
Thinking self-liberated is great wisdom.
Nondual equality is dharmakaya.
4.2 Second, stating the nature of the Mahamudra of samsara and nirvana:
Like the continuous flow of a great river,
Whatever you do is meaningful.
This is the eternal awakened state,
The great bliss, leaving no place for samsara.
4.3 Third, stating the nature of the Mahamudra of ultimate perfection:
All things are empty of their own identities.
The concept fixed on emptiness has dissolved in itself.
Free of concept, holding nothing in mind;
Is in itself the path of all buddhas.
5. To conclude, instructing and stating the dedication:
For the most fortunate ones,
I have made these concise words of heartfelt advice.
Through this, may every single sentient being
Be established in Mahamudra.
This was given orally by the great pandita Naropa, to Marpa Chokyi Lodro at Pullahari. These thirteen verses that concisely show Mahamudra in completeness were divided up in accordance with their meaning. The details should be known from oral teachings. Do not fix your mind on other variations; since this is copied from the old manuscript, I feel it should not be changed. This note was added by Shamar Kacho Wangpo. There is a saying that "The pith instructions in Mahamudra should be known from an instruction in concise words." It is the opinion of all past sublime masters who upheld the Practice Lineage that this teaching summarizes all the key points of Mahamudra instruction). Translated by Erik Pema Kunsang. Published in Songs of Naropa: Commentaries on Songs of Realization, by Thrangu Rinpoche (Rangjung Yeshe Publications, 1997).
Mahamudra Pith instructions - Tilopa
16. [View, Path (meditation, conduct), Fruition:]
Samsaric ways are [ultimately] senseless: they are the seeds of suffering.
Conventional ways are [ultimately] pointless.
Focus on what is sound and true.
Majestic outlook (view) is beyond all fixation (dualities).
Majestic practice (meditation) is no distraction.
Majestic behavior (conduct) is no action or effort (accepting this, rejecting that).
The fruition is there when you are free from hope and fear.
24. [View, Path (meditation, conduct), Fruition:]
The most majestic of outlooks is free of all reference.
The most majestic of practices is vast and deep without limit.
The most majestic of behaviors is open-minded and impartial.
The most majestic of fruitions is natural being, free of concern.
No hope no fear ~ Tilopa
If you are beyond all grasping at an object and at a subject (and relation / action),
that is the monarch of all VIEW.
If there is no distraction,
it is the monarch of all MEDITATIONS.
If there is no effort,
it is the monarch among all CONDUCTS.
When there is no hope (acceptation) and no fear (rejection),
that is the final result, and the FRUITION has been attained or revealed.
from the book The Life of Tilopa and the Ganges Mahamudra
View / Ground: Union of the Two truths:
Union of conventionally dependently co-arisen relatively functional impermanent appearances <==> and emptiness of inherent existence; Union of the three spheres, Union of opposites: ex. Union self <==> others <==> universe, the Middle Way free of all extremes & middle: nothing to accept / affirm / seek /do in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / not-do in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively if it helps someone to get closer to the liberating Truth;
Path (meditation, conduct): Union method <==> wisdom; Union of more and more subtle virtuous methods, temporary imperfect adapted skillful means, conventionally dependently co-arisen relatively functional impermanent conventional tools -- truths & methods & goals <==> combined with more and more wisdom / emptiness;
Fruition / Buddhahood: Union perfected virtues <==> and perfected wisdom / emptiness;
This is expressed with the concept of the Union of View <==> Method / Path <==> Fruition. Meaning the three are empty of inherent existence <==> because inseparable, interdependent, co-defined, co-relative, co-dependent, co-emergent, co-evolving, co-ceasing / co-transcended, in harmony, equal / non-dual / one in the non-dual sense of those terms … So we could use them as adapted skillful means, but without any grasping, attachment, without becoming slave to any version of them (any stages), without thinking they are inherent / universal / absolute and trying to impose them to others by intimidation or force.
The Vow of Mahamudra, 3rd Karmapa
Résumé about the Ground
The Aspiration Prayer of Samantabhadra -- Rigdzin Gödem
The true nature of Reality - Trikaya
Note: Union Ground <==> Path <==> Fruition:
The Ground, the ultimate view, is the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths free from all extremes & middle: the Union of conventionally dependently co-arisen relatively functional impermanent appearances (1st truth -- not complete non-existence) <==> and emptiness of inherent existence (2nd truth -- not real existence).
The Path, which must be more and more in accord with the Ground and Fruition in order to be more and more efficient, is the inconceivable Union of Method and Wisdom free from all extremes & middle: the inconceivable Union of more and more subtle adapted skillful means, temporary antidotes <==> combined with more and more wisdom / emptiness of the three spheres, of all dharmas in both samsara & nirvana. The Path is the Middle Way..
Fruition / Buddhahood is described as the inconceivable Union of perfected compassion and wisdom free from all extremes & middle: the inconceivable Union of perfected virtues -- like immeasurable loving-kindness, compassion, joy, equanimity --, of spontaneous unconditioned enlightened activities <==> combined with perfected wisdom / emptiness. It is acting (actions of the body, speech & mind) in perfect accord with the true nature of Reality as it is here & now, as pointed by concepts like: the Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas, Union of the Two Truths about the three spheres, Union of the Two Truths about the opposites in any duality / triad / quad / etc., the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle, the equality / purity / perfection / divinity of everything here & now.)
View, meditation, conduct and fruit ~ Longchenpa
As your true view, look into the changeless, empty cognizance (in Union).
As your true meditation, let your mind nature be as it is.
As your true conduct, let the delusion of dualistic fixation collapse.
As your true fruition, don’t seek the result that is spontaneously present.
from the book The Life of Longchenpa: The Omniscient Dharma King of the Vast Expanse
The king of nakedly seen awareness ~ Yukhok Chatralwa
Homage to great, unchanging rigpa!
In the view, king-like pure awareness,
Let meditation settle, beyond position or bias,
And, as action, let duality and delusion be destroyed.
The fruition is the already perfect three kāyas,
Beyond samaya commitments involving acceptance and rejection.
Thus, the king of nakedly seen awareness
Is sealed with the samayas of view, meditation, action and fruition.
-- Yukhok Chatralwa
The Final Testament of Yukhok Chatralwa
The Enlightened Mind -- Longchenpa
The enlightened mind is without coming or departing. It is neither outside nor within. Transcending thought, it has no partiality. It is ultimate reality, unlimited and unconfined, Wherein there is no wide or narrow And no high or low. So set aside all anxious search for it.
-- Longchen Rabjam
(Also: Everything is like that .. since everything is the Ground, one with the Ground.)
Wisdom Nectar - Dudjom Rinpoche, Jigdral Yeshé Dorjé
The realization that all phenomena of samsara and enlightenment
are emptiness inseparable from naked awareness is the VIEW.
To release present awareness within the spacious natural state and then to sustain the self-liberation of thoughts without grasping is MEDITATION.
All post-meditative activity done harmoniously with the Dharma is the CONDUCT.
The complete manifestation of that abiding nature is the RESULT [FRUITION].