Sunday, December 27, 2020

The Vow Of Mahamudra, 3rd Karmapa - 042

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[Seal design with the word Mahāmudrā ("great seal") in 'Phags-pa script]

The Aspiration Prayer of Mahamudra, the Definitive Meaning
(“also called the Great Perfection, Dzogchen”)

Composed by The Third Gyalwa Karmapa


(Three translations. Second translation & sections titles from The Commentary on The Lord Protector Rangjung Dorje’s Aspiration Prayer of Mahamudra, the Definitive Meaning by His Eminence Jamgon Tai Situ Rinpoche, Washington — February 1995
http://www.greatliberation.org/library/tai-situpa-library/Mahamudra/Aspiration%20Prayer%20of%20Mahamudra.pdf )

I. THE PRELIMINARY PRAYER

[First translation:]
Namo Guru

In the Mandala I see the Guru, Yidam, and Holy Beings (the three roots),

In all times and directions I see the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas.

With deep sincerity to you all I pray;

Pray Bless my good wishes with Accomplishment!

[Second translation:]
Namo guru,
1. Gurus and yidams, deities of the mandala,

Buddhas of the three times in the ten directions and your sons and daughters,

Please consider us with kindness and understanding, and

Grant your blessing so that these aspirations may be accomplished exactly as we ask.

[Third Translation:]

Namo guru.

1. Gurus and yidams, deities of the mandala,

Buddhas of the three times and ten directions and your offspring,

Consider me with kindness.

Pour into me your energy so that these wishes are fulfilled.

II. THE MAIN BODY OF THE PRAYER

A. GENERAL DEDICATION OF MERIT TOWARDS ENLIGHTENMENT

The good deeds of mind and body, the accumulation of virtue of all beings;

Are pure and clear streams from the Snow Mountain.

In freedom from the cloudiness of the three wheels,
(the 3 wheels: listening and reflecting, relinquishing through meditation, altruistic activity)

May they flow down to the sea of the four kayas of the Victorious One.

2. Sprung from the snow mountains of pure intentions and actions

Of myself and all sentient beings without limit,

May the river of accumulated virtue of the threefold purity

Flow into the ocean of the four bodies of the Victorious Ones.

2. A river of virtue undefiled by the three spheres

Springs from the snow-mountain of pure actions and intentions-

Mine and those of all sentient beings without limit.

May this river flow into the ocean of the four expressions of full awakening.

B. SPECIFIC DEDICATION PRAYERS TOWARD ENLIGHTENMENT

1. PRAYER FOR PERFECT CONDITIONS FOR THE PATH

a. Common Prayer for Perfect Conditions for the Path 

As long as this is not attained, in all our future lifetimes, birth upon birth,

May not even the sound of evildoing and suffering be heard. 

May we enjoy the glory of an ocean of virtue and happiness.

3. So long as this is not accomplished,

Through all my lifetimes, birth upon birth,

May not even the words “evil deeds” and suffering be heard,

And may we enjoy the splendor and goodness of oceans of happiness and virtue.

3. Until I wake up to full presence,

Through all my lifetimes, birth after birth,

May not even the words for defilement and suffering be heard

And may I enjoy the wealth of oceans of happiness and virtue.

b. Uncommon Prayer for Perfect Conditions for the Path

May we always have leisure, faith, diligence and wisdom; (precious human rebirth)

Meet good Gurus and receive their Pith Instructions.

May we practice them properly without any hindrances,

And thus enact the secret Dharma in our future lives.

4. Having obtained the supreme freedoms and conjunctions of the precious human existence, endowed with faith, energy, and intelligence,

Having attended on a worthy spiritual friend and received the pith of the holy instructions,

May we practice these properly, just as we have received them, without obstacle or interruption,

In all our lives, may we practice and enjoy the holy dharma.

4. Having obtained this excellent free and well-favored life along with faith, energy and intelligence,

Having attended a worthy master and received the pith of the sacred instructions,

May I practice the sacred dharma properly

In all my lives without interruption.

2. PRAYER FOR PERFECT WISDOM THAT UNDERSTANDS THE PATH

May study of the words of the Buddha and the treatises of logic, liberate us from the veil of ignorance;

May reflections on the Oral Instructions  overcome the darkness of doubt.

Through the light born from meditationthe true nature [of Reality, the Ground] shines forth as it is.

May the brilliance of the Three Wisdoms spread!

5. Hearing and studying the scriptures and reasonings frees us from the obscuration of not knowing.

Contemplating the oral instructions disperses the darkness of doubt.

In the light born of meditation what is shines forth just as it is.

May the brightness of the three prajnas grow in power.

5. The study of scriptures frees one from the veil of ignorance.

The contemplation of oral instructions overcomes the darkness of doubt.

Light born of meditation illuminates the way things are.

May the radiance of the three wisdoms increase.

3. PRAYER FOR AN UNMISTAKEN PATH

The Two Truths
which are free from the extremes of eternalism and nihilism,
are the meaning of the Ground.

Through the supreme path of the two accumulations, which is free from the extremes of assertion and denial,

We attain the fruit, the twofold benefit, which is free from the extremes of existence and mere peace.

May we meet this Dharma, unmistaken and free from error.

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(i.e. The Ground: Inconceivable Union of the Two Truths free from all extremes & middle;
Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas;
Union of the Two Truths about the opposites in any duality, triad, quad, etc.
Union of the Two Truths about the three spheres -- subject, relation / action, object --.

Inseparability / Interdependence / Co-dependence / Harmony / Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas:
Union of conventionally dependently co-arisen relatively functional impermanent appearances (1st truth -- not complete non-existence) <==> and emptiness of inherent existence (2nd truth - not real existence).)

6. By understanding the meaning of the ground, which is the two truths free from the extremes of eternalism and nihilism,

And by practicing the supreme path of the two accumulations, free from the extremes of exaggeration and denial,

Is attained the fruit of well-being for oneself and others, free from the extremes of samsara and nirvana.

May all beings meet the dharma which neither errs nor misleads.

6. The basic ground consists of the two truths, free from the extremes of eternalism and nihilism,

The excellent path, the two accumulations free from the extremes of assumption and denial,

The result obtained, the two benefits free from the extremes of existence and peace.

May I meet teaching which is free from error. 

4. PRAYER FOR UNMISTAKEN PRACTICE ON THE PATH

a. General Prayer for Unmistaken Practice on the Path

Mind Essence is void (2nd truth) and radiant (1st truth),
the Union of emptiness (2nd truth) and clarity (1st truth).
The vajra-yoga of Mahamudra Purifies.
The purified are ignorance and vices, momentary confusions.
May I attain the immaculate Dharmakaya, the fruit of being purified.
Through these means may it reveal itself directly.
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(i.e. Inseparability / Interdependence / Co-dependence / Harmony / Union of the Two Truths about the Mind:
Union clarity / luminosity / clear-light / cognizance / dependently co-arisen relatively functionality impermanent fabrications (1st truth) <==> and emptiness of inherent existence (2nd truth); one aspect / truth implies the other (<==>).)

7. The ground of purification is the mind itself, indivisible cognitive clarity and emptiness.

That which purifies is the great vajra yoga of Mahamudra.

What is to be purified are the adventitious, temporary contaminations of confusion.

May the fruit of purification, the stainless dharmakaya, be manifest.

7. The ground of refinement is mind itself - indivisible luminosity and emptiness;

The refining - the great vajra composure of mahamudra;

What is to be refined - the incidental stains of confusion;

The result of refining - the unstained experience of being: may I know it.

b. Specific Prayer for Unmistaken Practice on the Path

Prayer for Correct View (i), Meditation (ii), and Action (iii) (Brief)

The View (i) of Mahamudra is to add nothing to Mind's nature.

Being mindful of this view, without distraction, is the essence of Practice (ii).

Skillfully enacting the meaning of meditation in everything is supreme Conduct (iii).

May we gain certainty in the view, meditation and conduct

8. Resolving doubts about the ground brings conviction in the view.

Then keeping one’s awareness unwavering, in accordance with the view, is the subtle pith of meditation.

Putting all aspects of meditation into practice is the supreme action.

The view, the meditation, the action — may there be confidence in these.

8. Confidence in outlook cuts assumptions about the ground.

The key to cultivation is to maintain that without distraction.

The supreme expression is to exercise the sense of cultivation in everything.

May I have confidence in outlook, cultivation and expression.

i. THE VIEW
VIEW -Prayer for the View of Mahamudra (Brief)

All forms (object) are but illusory expressions of one's Mind (subject);

As for the mind (subject), there is no mind; it is empty of essence.

Though void (2nd truth - emptiness of inherent existence),
it unceasingly manifests all things (1st truth - dependently co-arisen relatively functional appearances;one aspect / truth implies the other (<==>)).

May I always observe this Truth and discern the fundamental root.

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(i.e. Union of the Two truths about the three spheres. See below.)

9. All phenomena are illusory displays of mind.

Mind is no mind — the mind’s nature is empty of any entity that is mind.

Being empty, it is unceasing and unimpeded, manifesting as everything whatsoever.

Examining well, may all doubts about the ground be discerned and cut.

9. All experience is the manifestation of mind.

As for mind, there is no mind; mind's nature is empty.

Empty and unceasing, mind arises as experience.

By looking into mind deeply, may I be clear about how it is.

VIEW -Prayer to Understand all Phenomena as Mind

Confused self-manifestations that are void (transparent-like reflection-like empty-appearances),

We deem to be real objects and outside ourselves; (objects seem to exist separately, independently of the subject)

We hold self-awareness to be our true ego. (subject seem to exist separately, independently of the objects)

By the power of dualistic fixation (duality subject vs. object) we wander in Samsara.

May we eradicate our ignorant delusion!

10. Naturally manifesting appearances, that never truly exist, are confused into objects.

Spontaneous intelligence, under the power of ignorance, is confused into a self.

By the power of this dualistic fixation, beings wander in the realms of samsaric existence.

May ignorance, the root of confusion, be discovered and cut.

10. Perceptions, which never existed in themselves, are mistaken for objects.

Awareness itself, because of ignorance, is mistaken for a self.

Through the power of dualistic fixation I wander in the realm of existence.

May ignorance and confusion be completely resolved.

VIEW -Prayer to Abandon The Limitations of Existence and Non-Existence

It is not existent, since even the Victorious Ones does not see it.

It is not non-existent, since it is the basis for everything of samsara and nirvana (the Ground)

(Tetralemma: not existent, not non-existent, not both together, not neither)

These not being contradictory, it is Unity, the path of the middle (It is the Union of the Two Truths).

May we realize the true state of our mind (the Ground), which is free from any extreme.

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(i.e. The Ground: Inconceivable Union of the Two Truths free from all extremes & middle)

11. It is not existent — even the Victorious Ones do not see it.

It is not nonexistent — it is the basis of all samsara and nirvana.

This is not a contradiction, but the middle path of unity.

May the ultimate nature of phenomena, limitless mind beyond extremes, be realized.

11. It doesn't exist: even buddhas do not see it.

It doesn't not exist: it is the basis of samsara and nirvana.

No contradiction: the middle way is union.

May I know the pure being of mind, free of extremes.

VIEW -Prayer to Abandon the Limitations of Being and Non-Being

There is no way to illustrate it, saying "it is this".

There is no way to refute it, saying "it is not this". (nothing to affirm, nothing to negate)

The true state is beyond intellect (inconceivable for our flawed conditioned conceptual dualistic mental),
it is uncreated (this Ground is not a first cause, not an final effect, not both, not neither).

May the ultimate true meaning be confirmed.

12. If one says, “This is it,” there is nothing to show.

If one says, “This is not it,” there is nothing to deny.

The true nature of phenomena, which transcends conceptual understanding, is unconditioned.

May conviction be gained in the ultimate, perfect truth.

12. If one says "it is this," nothing has been posited.

If one says "it is not this," nothing has been denied.

Unconditioned pure being transcends intellect.

May I gain conviction in the ultimate outlook.

VIEW -Prayer to Understand the Unity of Emptiness and Interdependence

As long as this is not realized, we circle in the ocean of samsara. (ignorance is the root cause of samsara)

Once it is realized, Buddha is nowhere else. (wisdom is the root cause of enlightenment, without being really caused)

Every (notion of) "it is this" or "it is not this" has fallen away. (nothing to affirm, nothing to negate)

May we be aware of the true state, the hidden secret of our basis-consciousness

13. Not realizing it, one circles in the ocean of samsara.

If it is realized, Buddha is not anything other.

It is completely devoid of any “this is it,” or “this is not it.”

May this simple secret, this ultimate essence of phenomena, which is the basis of everything, be realized.

13. Not knowing it, I circle in the ocean of existence,

Knowing it, buddha isn't anywhere else.

"It is everything", "It isn't anything": none of this.

Pure being, the basis of everything, may I see any misunderstanding here.

VIEW -Prayer to Overcome all Doubts Concerning the Ground

Appearance (1st truth / object) is mind and emptiness (2nd truth) is mind (1st truth / subject).

Realization is mind an delusion is mind.

Arising is mind and cessation is also mind. 

Therefore, cutting all doubts, may we confirm everything as mind.
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(i.e. All dharmas are merely labelled / imputed by the mind; like illusions / dreams / mirages / reflections;
objects / phenomena are co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the subject / mind <==> thus both empty of inherent existence, and vice versa.)

14. Appearance is mind and emptiness is mind.

Realization is mind and confusion is mind.

Arising is mind and cessation is mind.

May all doubts about mind be resolved.

14. Since perception is mind and emptiness is mind,

Since knowing is mind and delusion is mind,

Since arising is mind and cessation is mind,

May all assumptions about mind be eliminated.

ii. THE MEDITATION
MEDITATION - General Prayer for Mahamudra Meditation

Unsullied by intended practice and by effort,

By meditation bound up with conceptual strife.

Apart from worldly influence and distractions,

Unmoved by the wind of ordinary bustle.

May we rest at ease in mind's natural state,

Abiding in our uncontrived innermost nature. (the Ground)

Learning the subtle teaching of Mind-practice,

Becoming skilled in the practice of the meaning of mind and of maintaining it.

15. Not adulterating meditation with conceptual striving or mentally created meditation,

Unmoved by the winds of everyday busyness,

Knowing how to rest in the uncontrived, natural spontaneous flow, (the Ground)

May the practice of resting in mind’s true nature be skilfully sustained.

15. Unpolluted by meditation with intellectual effort

Undisturbed by the winds of everyday affairs,

Not manipulating, knowing how to let what is true be itself,

May I become skilled in the practice of mind and maintain it.

MEDITATION - Prayer for Shamatha

The waves of gross and subtle thoughts dissolve in their own place (self-liberation through awareness / wisdom).

The stream of mind rests unmoved in itself.

May we be free of the stains of agitation, stupor and dullness,

And establish a still ocean of calm abiding (Shamatha).

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(i.e. The magic trick is that just by looking at them directly, with equanimity -- not accepting not rejecting -- that is enough to disarm them; then they go away by themselves (temporary self-liberation). But to transcend them definitively (permanent self-liberation), one has to directly perceive / realise their true nature.)

16. The waves of subtle and coarse thoughts calm down by themselves in their own place,

And the unmoving waters of mind rest naturally.

Free from dullness, torpor, and murkiness,

May the ocean of shamatha be unmoving and stable.

16. The waves of subtle and coarse thoughts return to their source.

Undisturbed, the river of mind flows naturally.

Free from the contaminations of dullness and torpor,

May I establish the still ocean of shamatha.

MEDITATION - Prayer for Vipashyana

While looking again and again at the mind (dependently co-arisen relatively functional mind)
which cannot be looked at (empty of inherent existence),

The meaning which cannot be seen is seen vividly, just as it is. (i.e. directly perceiving the inconceivable true nature of the Mind / Ground / Reality / all dharmas: the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths free from all extremes & middle, free from all conceptual elaborations, of all dualities.)

This cuts all doubts as to "this" and "not this" with regard to the meaning.

May we be free from delusion and thus recognize our own face.
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(i.e. May we directly perceive / release / abide in our true nature -- as displays of the Ground; inseparable from the Ground; Union displays <==> Ground; Union waves <==> ocean; Union clouds <==> sky. Union appearances <==> emptiness.)

17. Looking again and again at the mind which cannot be looked at,

The meaning which cannot be seen is vividly seen, just as it is.

Thus cutting doubts about how it is or is not,

May the unconfused genuine self-nature be known by self-nature itself.

17. When one looks again and again at the mind that cannot be looked at,

And sees vividly for what it is the meaning of not-seeing,

Doubts about the meaning of "is" and "isn't" are resolved.

Without confusion, may my own face know itself.

MEDITATION - Prayer to Recognize the Essence

When looking at an object, there is no object: it is seen as mind (subject).

When looking at the mind (subject), there is no mind (subject): it is empty of essence.

When looking at both, dualistic fixation (duality subject vs. object) is freed of itself (self-liberation through awareness / wisdom).

May we realize clear light, the nature of mind.

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(i.e. Union of the Two truths about the three spheres. See below.)

18. Looking at objects, the mind devoid of objects is seen;

Looking at mind, its empty nature devoid of mind is seen;

Looking at both of these, dualistic clinging is self liberated.

May the nature of mind, the clear light nature of what is, be realized.

18. Look at objects and there is no object: one sees mind;

Look at mind and there is no mind: it is empty of nature;

Look at both of these and dualistic clinging subsides on its own.

May I know sheer clarity, the way mind is.

MEDITATION - Prayer to Understand the Great Unity

Free from mental creation is Mahamudra.

Free from [all] extremes is Great Madhyamaka. (Ground free from all extremes & middle)

Being all-inclusive it is also called Great Perfection (Dzogchen).

May we gain certainty that, by knowing one, all meanings are realized

19. Free from mental fabrication, it is the great seal, Mahamudra.

Free from extremes, it is the great Middle-way, Madhyamika.

The consummation of everything, it is also called the Great Perfection, Dzogchen.

May there be confidence that by understanding one, the essential meaning of all is realized.

19. Free from mental constructions, it is called the great seal.

Free from extremes, it is called the great middle way.

Because everything is complete here, it is also called the great completion.

May I gain the confidence that, in understanding one, I know them all.

MEDITATION - Prayer for Perfect Meditative Experiences

Uninterrupted great bliss free from attachment,

Unobscured clear light free from fixation on characteristics,

Spontaneous absence of thought beyond intellect:

May these be experienced unceasingly without deliberate effort.

20. Great bliss free from attachment is unceasing.

Luminosity free from fixation on characteristics is unobscured.

Non-thought transcending conceptual mind is spontaneous presence.

May the effortless enjoyment of these states be continuous.

20. The great bliss of non-attachment is continuous.

Sheer clarity without fixations is free of obscurations.

Passing beyond intellect, non-thought is naturally present.

May these experiences continually arise without effort.

MEDITATION - Prayer for Actual Realization

May our desire for good meditation, our clinging to experience, be liberated in its own place (self-liberated).

May the delusion of negative thoughts become pure as the expanse of the nature (of mind) (the Ground).

The ordinary mind is not to be obtained.

There is nothing to be adopted and nothing to be abandoned.
(i.e. Middle Way free from all extremes & middle: nothing to accept / affirm / seek / do in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / not-do in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively if that helps somebody to get closer to the Truth.)

May we realize the truth of the Dharmata, which is free from any conceptual elaboration.

21. Longing for good and clinging to experiences are self-liberated.

Negative thoughts and confusion purify naturally in ultimate space.

In ordinary mind there is no rejecting and accepting, loss and gain.

May simplicity, the truth of the ultimate essence of phenomena, be realized.

21. Attachment to good and fixation on experience subside on their own.

Confusion and evil concepts are cleared away in the realm of ultimate nature.

In the ordinary mind, there is no control or alteration.

May I know the truth of pure being, complete simplicity.

iii. THE ACTION
ACTION - Prayer for Compassion

The nature of beings is always buddha. (Everything is already equal, pure, perfect, divine here & now)

Yet, not realizing this, they wander through the endless cycle of existence.

For all beings in their boundless suffering,

May intolerable compassion be born in our stream of being.

22. The true nature of beings is always Buddha.

Not realizing that, they wander in endless samsara.

For the boundless suffering of sentient beings,

May unbearable compassion be conceived in our being

22. While the nature of beings has always been full enlightenment,

Not knowing this, they wander in endless samsara.

For the boundless suffering of sentient beings

May overwhelming compassion be born in my being.

ACTION - Prayer for The Unity of Emptiness and Compassion

Even as the skillful activity of intolerable compassion (1st truth -- Virtuous methods) unfolds without hindrance,

May the meaning of its empty essence (2nd truth -- wisdom / emptiness) at the same time nakedly shine forth.

Inseparable from this supreme unerring path of union,

May we meditate at all times, day and night.

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(i.e. Path: Union more and more subtle Virtuous Methods <==> combined with more and more Wisdom / emptiness; thus more and more in accord with the View and with Fruition, with the Ground / Reality as it is here & now. See below.)

23. When the energy of unbearable compassion is unceasing,
In expressions of loving kindness, the truth of its essential emptiness is nakedly clear.

This unity is the supreme unerring path.
Inseparable from it, may we meditate day and night

23. While such compassion is active and immediate,

In the moment of compassion, its essential emptiness is nakedly clear.

This conjunction is the undeviating supreme path;

Inseparable from it, may I practice day and night.

iii. THE FRUITION

5. PRAYER FOR THE FINAL ACCOMPLISHMENT OF THE FRUITION OF THE PATH

FRUITION - Fruition of the Path

Developing the eyes and clairvoyant perception that arise from the power of meditation,

May we ripen beings, purify buddha-fields, and perfect the wishing prayers that accomplish all the qualities of the Buddha.

May we lead the three aspects of perfecting, ripening and purifying to their ultimate level and attain Buddhahood.

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(i.e. Fruition, enlightenment, is the Union of perfected virtues <==> and perfected wisdom beyond all extremes & middle.)

24. By the power of meditation arise the eyes and supernormal perceptions,

Sentient beings are ripened and Buddha fields are perfectly purified,

The aspirations that accomplish the qualities of a Buddha are fulfilled.

By bringing these three to utmost fruition — fulfilling, ripening, and purifying — may utmost Buddhahood be manifest.

24. From the power of attention come eyes and direct knowing.

Sentient beings are ripened and domains of enlightenment refined.

Aspirations for the realization of all aspects of buddhahood are fulfilled.

May I complete these three - fulfillment, ripening and refinement - and become buddha.

III. THE CONCLUSION OF THE PRAYER

By the power of the compassion of the Victorious Ones of the ten directions and their Sons,

And by the power of every unstained virtue as much as there is,

May these pure supplications of myself and all beings 

Reach fulfillment just as they are.

25. By the power of the compassion of the Victorious Ones of

the ten directions and their sons and daughters,

And by the power of all the pure virtue that exists,

May the pure aspirations of myself and all sentient beings

Be accomplished exactly as we wish.

25. By the compassion of the buddhas and bodhisattvas of the ten directions

And the power of whatever pure virtue there may be,

May my wishes and those of all beings

Be fulfilled in the way I am seeking.
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Aspirations for Mahamudra, the definite point of the teachings, was composed by Lord Rangjung Dorje, Karmapa III. 

This translation was made by Ken McLeod at the request of several students who wanted to use this prayer in their practice.

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(i.e. Logic: This résumé of all Madhyamaka reasonings will be useful to analyse this text:
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Union of the Two Truths about any & all dharmas [U2T]:
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{All dharmas are not really different / separate / multiple / dual / in opposition or relation, but are more like an inconceivable Union of being empty of inherent existence (2nd truth - not real existence) <==> because of being inseparable (one cannot exists without the other), interdependent (one implies the other), co-defined (the definition of one defines the other), co-relative, co-dependent, co-emergent (they arise together), co-evolving, co-ceasing / co-transcended (they cease together), in harmony (not in real opposition), equal / non-dual / one (1st truth - not complete non-existence);
they are like illusions / dreams / reflections / rainbows / like the displays of a magical show or cosmic dance of luminosity; in other words, they are appearing but still empty, empty but still appearing; one aspect / truth implies the other (<==>), one aspect / truth proves the other (<==>). This is the King of reasoning; the Union of the Two Truths. [U2T]}
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<==> {because of that then they have no real three stages of existence: i. origination / beginning / birth / before / past, ii. duration / middle / life / change / during / present, iii. cessation / ending / death / after / future; they have no real parts, or defining characteristics, or three marks, or functional properties, or qualities;
and so they have no permanence / continuity / eternity, no impermanence / discontinuity / annihilation, or any combination of the two, or neither, between one infinitesimal moment and the next one (valid for any thing, any being, any relation / action), or between two consecutive rebirths for beings, or between samsara and nirvana}
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<==> {because of these then they are merely labelled / imputed / conceptualised / categorised / classified by the mind / subject (after the fact) in co-dependence with its conditioning / karma (physical, conceptual, mental; individual, collective, cosmic); in other words, as objects they are inseparable, interdependent, co-dependent, co-emergent, co-evolving, co-ceasing, non-dual with the subject / mind -- in the non-dual sense of those terms; ex. subject & object are not different / separate / two / dual / independent, not identical / united / one / non-dual / dependent, not both together, not neither [U3S]}
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<==> {because of these then there is no real difference, separation, opposition, relation, dependence, duality between them…, and no real identity / sameness, unity, equality, non-duality, oneness, independence either; there is no inherent / universal / absolute basis for any discrimination between them (acceptation or rejection) or non-discrimination, action or non-action; ex. it is not about accepting one or few opposite(s) while rejecting the other(s), not about accepting all opposites, not about rejecting all opposites [Uopp]}
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<==> {because of these then they are not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither (tetralemma) -- and there is no other possibility -- for whatever dualistic concept ‘this’ is --; meaning their true nature is indescribable, inconceivable, beyond all conceptual proliferations, beyond all extremes & middle; examples, they are
- not different / separate / multiple / dual, not identical / united / one / non-dual, not both together, not neither;
- not inherently existent, not completely non-existent, not both together, not neither;
- not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous / annihilated, not both together, not neither;
- not purely objective / physical / body, not purely subjective / mental / mind, not purely relational / process / conceptual / speech, not two or three of them together, not none of them;
- not dependent / caused / produced / functional, not independent / uncaused/spontaneous / unproduced / non-functional, not both together, not neither;
- not other-caused / other-arisen, not self-caused / self-arisen / spontaneous, not both together, not neither;
- not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither;
- not dependently co-arisen / interdependent (1st truth), not empty of inherent existence (2nd truth), not both truths together, not neither truth;
- not good / pure / perfect / equal / divine, not bad / impure / imperfect / unequal / ordinary, not both together, not neither;
- not conventional / relative / false, not absolute / universal / true, not both together, not neither;
- not this/that, not non-this/non-that, not both together, not neither.}
-
<==> {because of these then we say that they are like transparent, uncompounded, self-arisen, unborn, uncreated, unfabricated, unchanging, unceasing, spontaneous displays of the Ground, unobstructed, infinite, timeless, one in naturelessness, primordially equal, pure, perfect, divine, Buddha-nature, Buddhaverse, Dharmata, Suchness, Trikaya … That is the inconceivable indivisible self-arisen Ground / Dharmata. With direct wisdom, everything is transcended / purified / self-liberated into this self-arisen timeless equal pure perfect Ground / the inconceivable true nature of Reality as it is in the three times.}
-
<==> {because of these then the best attitude toward them is the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle;
Extremes like: i) existence / realism, ii) non-existence / nihilism, iii) both together / dualism, iv) neither / monism; or extremes like v) subject-only / mind-only / idealism / subjectivism, vi) object-only / naïve realism / objectivism, vii) relation-only / process-only / action-only / relationism / processism, viii) two or three of them together / pluralism, ix) none to them / monism;
so there is nothing to accept / affirm / seek / do / perceive / know in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / not-do / not-perceive / not-know in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively if it helps someone to get closer to the truth about the true nature of Reality as it is here & now;
so the best attitude is just to let them be, and transcend / purify / self-liberate them by directly perceiving / realising / abiding in their true nature (the Ground); to use them as possible temporary imperfect adapted skillful means while being fully aware of their true essence nature & dynamic, without any fixation / reification, without any illusion about them, without being fooled by them, without any grasping, without any attachment, without any di-vision between subject action & object, without becoming slave to them, while being totally free from them not without them}
-
All dharmas are like that. Everything in all Madhyamaka teachings comes down to these reasonings. Together they are like a self-arisen indestructible vajra; one facet supported by the others. Together they point to the Ground, and generate 'certainty' about the view, path and fruition.)

.

(i.e. Logic: Union of the three spheres [U3S] or Union of the Two Truths about the three spheres [U2T-3S]:
-
Note examples of the three spheres: subject, relation / action, object; cause, causality, effect; actor, action, result; perceiver, perception, perceived; knower, cognition, knowing; acquirer, acquisition, acquired; producer, production, product; owner, ownership, possession; characteristic, characterising, characterised; whole, having, parts; opposite-1, opposing, opposite-2; consciousness, being-conscious-of, object-of-consciousness; awareness, being-aware-of, object-being-aware of; etc.
-
{The three spheres -- subject / mind, relation / action, object / phenomena; or physical, conceptual & mental fabrications -- are not really different / separate / multiple / dual / in opposition or relation, but are more like an inconceivable Union of being empty of inherent existence (2nd truth - not real existence) <==> because of being inseparable (one cannot exists without the other), interdependent (one implies the other), co-defined (the definition of one defines the other), co-relative, co-dependent, co-emergent (they arise together), co-evolving, co-ceasing / co-transcended (they cease together), in harmony (not in real opposition), equal / non-dual / one (1st truth - not complete non-existence);
they are like illusions / dreams / reflections / rainbows / like the displays of a magical show or cosmic dance of luminosity; in other words, they are appearing but still empty, empty but still appearing; one aspect / truth implies the other (<==>), one aspect / truth proves the other (<==>). This is the King of reasoning; the Union of the Two Truths. [U2T]}
-
<==> {because of that then they have no real three stages of existence: i. origination / beginning / birth / before / past, ii. duration / middle / life / change / during / present, iii. cessation / ending / death / after / future; they have no real parts, or defining characteristics, or three marks, or functional properties, or qualities;
and so they have no permanence / continuity / eternity, no impermanence / discontinuity / annihilation, or any combination of the two, or neither, between one infinitesimal moment and the next one (valid for any thing, any being, any relation / action), or between two consecutive rebirths for beings, or between samsara and nirvana}
-
<==> {because of these then they are merely labelled / imputed / conceptualised / categorised / classified by the mind / subject (after the fact) in co-dependence with its conditioning / karma (physical, conceptual, mental; individual, collective, cosmic); in other words, as objects they are inseparable, interdependent, co-dependent, co-emergent, co-evolving, co-ceasing, non-dual with the subject / mind -- in the non-dual sense of those terms; ex. subject & object are not different / separate / two / dual / independent, not identical / united / one / non-dual / dependent, not both together, not neither [U3S]}
-
<==> {because of these then there is no real difference, separation, opposition, relation, dependence, duality between them…, and no real identity / sameness, unity, equality, non-duality, oneness, independence either; there is no inherent / universal / absolute basis for any discrimination between them (acceptation or rejection) or non-discrimination, action or non-action; ex. it is not about accepting one or few opposite(s) while rejecting the other(s), not about accepting all opposites, not about rejecting all opposites [Uopp]}
-
<==> {because of these then they are not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither (tetralemma) -- and there is no other possibility -- for whatever dualistic concept ‘this’ is --; meaning their true nature is indescribable, inconceivable, beyond all conceptual proliferations, beyond all extremes & middle; examples, they are
- not different / separate / multiple / dual, not identical / united / one / non-dual, not both together, not neither;
- not inherently existent, not completely non-existent, not both together, not neither;
- not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous / annihilated, not both together, not neither;
- not purely objective / physical / body, not purely subjective / mental / mind, not purely relational / process / conceptual / speech, not two or three of them together, not none of them;
- not dependent / caused / produced / functional, not independent / uncaused/spontaneous / unproduced / non-functional, not both together, not neither;
- not other-caused / other-arisen, not self-caused / self-arisen / spontaneous, not both together, not neither;
- not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither;
- not dependently co-arisen / interdependent (1st truth), not empty of inherent existence (2nd truth), not both truths together, not neither truth;
- not good / pure / perfect / equal / divine, not bad / impure / imperfect / unequal / ordinary, not both together, not neither;
- not conventional / relative / false, not absolute / universal / true, not both together, not neither;
- not this/that, not non-this/non-that, not both together, not neither.}
-
<==> {because of these then we say that they are like transparent, uncompounded, self-arisen, unborn, uncreated, unfabricated, unchanging, unceasing, spontaneous displays of the Ground, unobstructed, infinite, timeless, one in naturelessness, primordially equal, pure, perfect, divine, Buddha-nature, Buddhaverse, Dharmata, Suchness, Trikaya … That is the inconceivable indivisible self-arisen Ground / Dharmata. With direct wisdom, everything is transcended / purified / self-liberated into this self-arisen timeless equal pure perfect Ground / the inconceivable true nature of Reality as it is in the three times.}
-
<==> {because of these then the best attitude toward them is the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle;
Extremes like: i) existence / realism, ii) non-existence / nihilism, iii) both together / dualism, iv) neither / monism; or extremes like v) subject-only / mind-only / idealism / subjectivism, vi) object-only / naïve realism / objectivism, vii) relation-only / process-only / action-only / relationism / processism, viii) two or three of them together / pluralism, ix) none to them / monism;
so there is nothing to accept / affirm / seek / do / perceive / know in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / not-do / not-perceive / not-know in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively if it helps someone to get closer to the truth about the true nature of Reality as it is here & now;
so the best attitude is just to let them be, and transcend / purify / self-liberate them by directly perceiving / realising / abiding in their true nature (the Ground); to use them as possible temporary imperfect adapted skillful means while being fully aware of their true essence nature & dynamic, without any fixation / reification, without any illusion about them, without being fooled by them, without any grasping, without any attachment, without any di-vision between subject action & object, without becoming slave to them, while being totally free from them not without them}
-
All dharmas are like that. Everything in all Madhyamaka teachings comes down to these reasonings. Together they are like a self-arisen indestructible vajra; one facet supported by the others. Together they point to the Ground, and generate 'certainty' about the view, path and fruition.)

.

(i.e. Logic: Union of two / three opposites [Uopp] or Union of the Two Truths about two / three opposites [U2T-opp], ex.
Union of left & right [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about left & right [U2T-opp],
Union of bad & good [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about bad & good [U2T-opp],
Union of impure & pure [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about impure & pure [U2T-opp],
Union of samsara & nirvana [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about samsara & nirvana [U2T-opp],
Union of reflections & mirror [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about reflections & mirror [U2T-opp],
Union of waves & ocean [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about waves & ocean [U2T-opp],
Union of clouds & sky [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about clouds & sky [U2T-opp],
Union of parts & whole [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about parts & whole [U2T-opp],
Union of things & space [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about things & space [U2T-opp],
Union of 1st truth / dependent origination & 2nd truth / emptiness of inherent existence [Uopp-2T], or Union of the Two Truths about the two truths [U2T-2T],
Union of the three stages of existence [U3-stages-of-existence], or Union of the Two Truths about the three stages of existence [U2T-3stages-of-existence],
Union of the 3 times [U3-times], or Union of the Two Truths about the 3 times [U2T-3times],
Union of the 3 spheres of causality [Uopp-3S-causality], or Union of the Two Truths about the three spheres of causality [U2T-3S-causality],
Union of the three vajras [U3V] or Union of the Two Truths about the three vajras [U2T-3V],
Union of the three kayas [U3V] or Union of the Two Truths about the three kayas [U2T-3V],
Union of existence & non-existence [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about existence & non-existence [U2T-opp],
Union of difference & identity [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about difference & identity [U2T-opp],
Union of separation & union [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about separation & union [U2T-opp],
Union of manyness & oneness [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about manyness & oneness [U2T-opp],
Union of duality & non-duality [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about duality & non-duality [U2T-opp],
Union of impermanence & permanence [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about impermanence & permanence [U2T-opp],
Union of continuity & discontinuity [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about continuity & discontinuity [U2T-opp],
Union of dependence & independence [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about dependence & independence [U2T-opp],
Union of stillness & movement [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about stillness & movement [U2T-opp],
Union of waves / clouds / reflection / displays & ocean / sky / mirror / ground [Uopp],
or Union of the Two Truths about the Ground and its displays [U2T-opp]:
-
{The apparent opposites in any duality / triad / quad / etc.  -- ex. left vs. right, pure vs. impure, samsara vs. nirvana, the three spheres, reflection & mirror, the two truths themselves, etc. -- are like an inconceivable Union of being empty of inherent existence (2nd truth - not real existence) <==> because of being inseparable (one cannot exists without the other), interdependent (one implies the other), co-defined (the definition of one defines the other), co-relative, co-dependent, co-emergent (they arise together), co-evolving, co-ceasing / co-transcended (they cease together), in harmony (not in real opposition), equal / non-dual / one (1st truth - not complete non-existence);
they are like illusions / dreams / reflections / rainbows / like the displays of a magical show or cosmic dance of luminosity; in other words, they are appearing but still empty, empty but still appearing; one aspect / truth implies the other (<==>), one aspect / truth proves the other (<==>). This is the King of reasoning; the Union of the Two Truths. [U2T]}
-
<==> {because of that then they have no real three stages of existence: i. origination / beginning / birth / before / past, ii. duration / middle / life / change / during / present, iii. cessation / ending / death / after / future; they have no real parts, or defining characteristics, or three marks, or functional properties, or qualities;
and so they have no permanence / continuity / eternity, no impermanence / discontinuity / annihilation, or any combination of the two, or neither, between one infinitesimal moment and the next one (valid for any thing, any being, any relation / action), or between two consecutive rebirths for beings, or between samsara and nirvana}
-
<==> {because of these then they are merely labelled / imputed / conceptualised / categorised / classified by the mind / subject (after the fact) in co-dependence with its conditioning / karma (physical, conceptual, mental; individual, collective, cosmic); in other words, as objects they are inseparable, interdependent, co-dependent, co-emergent, co-evolving, co-ceasing, non-dual with the subject / mind -- in the non-dual sense of those terms; ex. subject & object are not different / separate / two / dual / independent, not identical / united / one / non-dual / dependent, not both together, not neither [U3S]}
-
<==> {because of these then there is no real difference, separation, opposition, relation, dependence, duality between them…, and no real identity / sameness, unity, equality, non-duality, oneness, independence either; there is no inherent / universal / absolute basis for any discrimination between them (acceptation or rejection) or non-discrimination, action or non-action; ex. it is not about accepting one or few opposite(s) while rejecting the other(s), not about accepting all opposites, not about rejecting all opposites [Uopp]}
-
<==> {because of these then they are not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither (tetralemma) -- and there is no other possibility -- for whatever dualistic concept ‘this’ is --; meaning their true nature is indescribable, inconceivable, beyond all conceptual proliferations, beyond all extremes & middle; examples, they are
- not different / separate / multiple / dual, not identical / united / one / non-dual, not both together, not neither;
- not inherently existent, not completely non-existent, not both together, not neither;
- not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous / annihilated, not both together, not neither;
- not purely objective / physical / body, not purely subjective / mental / mind, not purely relational / process / conceptual / speech, not two or three of them together, not none of them;
- not dependent / caused / produced / functional, not independent / uncaused/spontaneous / unproduced / non-functional, not both together, not neither;
- not other-caused / other-arisen, not self-caused / self-arisen / spontaneous, not both together, not neither;
- not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither;
- not dependently co-arisen / interdependent (1st truth), not empty of inherent existence (2nd truth), not both truths together, not neither truth;
- not good / pure / perfect / equal / divine, not bad / impure / imperfect / unequal / ordinary, not both together, not neither;
- not conventional / relative / false, not absolute / universal / true, not both together, not neither;
- not this/that, not non-this/non-that, not both together, not neither.}
-
<==> {because of these then we say that they are like transparent, uncompounded, self-arisen, unborn, uncreated, unfabricated, unchanging, unceasing, spontaneous displays of the Ground, unobstructed, infinite, timeless, one in naturelessness, primordially equal, pure, perfect, divine, Buddha-nature, Buddhaverse, Dharmata, Suchness, Trikaya … That is the inconceivable indivisible self-arisen Ground / Dharmata. With direct wisdom, everything is transcended / purified / self-liberated into this self-arisen timeless equal pure perfect Ground / the inconceivable true nature of Reality as it is in the three times.}
-
<==> {because of these then the best attitude toward them is the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle;
Extremes like: i) existence / realism, ii) non-existence / nihilism, iii) both together / dualism, iv) neither / monism; or extremes like v) subject-only / mind-only / idealism / subjectivism, vi) object-only / naïve realism / objectivism, vii) relation-only / process-only / action-only / relationism / processism, viii) two or three of them together / pluralism, ix) none to them / monism;
so there is nothing to accept / affirm / seek / do / perceive / know in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / not-do / not-perceive / not-know in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively if it helps someone to get closer to the truth about the true nature of Reality as it is here & now;
so the best attitude is just to let them be, and transcend / purify / self-liberate them by directly perceiving / realising / abiding in their true nature (the Ground); to use them as possible temporary imperfect adapted skillful means while being fully aware of their true essence nature & dynamic, without any fixation / reification, without any illusion about them, without being fooled by them, without any grasping, without any attachment, without any di-vision between subject action & object, without becoming slave to them, while being totally free from them not without them}
-
All dharmas are like that. Everything in all Madhyamaka teachings comes down to these reasonings. Together they are like a self-arisen indestructible vajra; one facet supported by the others. Together they point to the Ground, and generate 'certainty' about the view, path and fruition.)

.

(i.e. Logic of the Path:
Union of Method & Wisdom [Uopp] or Union of the Two Truths about Method & Wisdom [U2T-opp]:
Union of virtues & wisdom [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about the Path [U2T-opp],
Union of adapted skillful means & wisdom / emptiness [Uopp], or Union of the Two Truths about the Path [U2T-opp]:
-
{The apparent opposites in any duality / triad / quad / etc.  -- ex. virtues & wisdom on the Path, adapted skillful means & wisdom / emptiness on the Path -- are like an inconceivable Union of being empty of inherent existence (2nd truth - not real existence) <==> because of being inseparable (one cannot exists without the other), interdependent (one implies the other), co-defined (the definition of one defines the other), co-relative, co-dependent, co-emergent (they arise together), co-evolving, co-ceasing / co-transcended (they cease together), in harmony (not in real opposition), equal / non-dual / one (1st truth - not complete non-existence);
they are like illusions / dreams / reflections / rainbows / like the displays of a magical show or cosmic dance of luminosity; in other words, they are appearing but still empty, empty but still appearing; one aspect / truth implies the other (<==>), one aspect / truth proves the other (<==>). This is the King of reasoning; the Union of the Two Truths. [U2T]}
-
<==> {because of that then they have no real three stages of existence: i. origination / beginning / birth / before / past, ii. duration / middle / life / change / during / present, iii. cessation / ending / death / after / future; they have no real parts, or defining characteristics, or three marks, or functional properties, or qualities;
and so they have no permanence / continuity / eternity, no impermanence / discontinuity / annihilation, or any combination of the two, or neither, between one infinitesimal moment and the next one (valid for any thing, any being, any relation / action), or between two consecutive rebirths for beings, or between samsara and nirvana}
-
<==> {because of these then they are merely labelled / imputed / conceptualised / categorised / classified by the mind / subject (after the fact) in co-dependence with its conditioning / karma (physical, conceptual, mental; individual, collective, cosmic); in other words, as objects they are inseparable, interdependent, co-dependent, co-emergent, co-evolving, co-ceasing, non-dual with the subject / mind -- in the non-dual sense of those terms; ex. subject & object are not different / separate / two / dual / independent, not identical / united / one / non-dual / dependent, not both together, not neither [U3S]}
-
<==> {because of these then there is no real difference, separation, opposition, relation, dependence, duality between them…, and no real identity / sameness, unity, equality, non-duality, oneness, independence either; there is no inherent / universal / absolute basis for any discrimination between them (acceptation or rejection) or non-discrimination, action or non-action; ex. it is not about accepting one or few opposite(s) while rejecting the other(s), not about accepting all opposites, not about rejecting all opposites [Uopp]}
-
<==> {because of these then they are not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither (tetralemma) -- and there is no other possibility -- for whatever dualistic concept ‘this’ is --; meaning their true nature is indescribable, inconceivable, beyond all conceptual proliferations, beyond all extremes & middle; examples, they are
- not different / separate / multiple / dual, not identical / united / one / non-dual, not both together, not neither;
- not inherently existent, not completely non-existent, not both together, not neither;
- not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous / annihilated, not both together, not neither;
- not purely objective / physical / body, not purely subjective / mental / mind, not purely relational / process / conceptual / speech, not two or three of them together, not none of them;
- not dependent / caused / produced / functional, not independent / uncaused/spontaneous / unproduced / non-functional, not both together, not neither;
- not other-caused / other-arisen, not self-caused / self-arisen / spontaneous, not both together, not neither;
- not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither;
- not dependently co-arisen / interdependent (1st truth), not empty of inherent existence (2nd truth), not both truths together, not neither truth;
- not good / pure / perfect / equal / divine, not bad / impure / imperfect / unequal / ordinary, not both together, not neither;
- not conventional / relative / false, not absolute / universal / true, not both together, not neither;
- not this/that, not non-this/non-that, not both together, not neither.}
-
<==> {because of these then we say that they are like transparent, uncompounded, self-arisen, unborn, uncreated, unfabricated, unchanging, unceasing, spontaneous displays of the Ground, unobstructed, infinite, timeless, one in naturelessness, primordially equal, pure, perfect, divine, Buddha-nature, Buddhaverse, Dharmata, Suchness, Trikaya … That is the inconceivable indivisible self-arisen Ground / Dharmata. With direct wisdom, everything is transcended / purified / self-liberated into this self-arisen timeless equal pure perfect Ground / the inconceivable true nature of Reality as it is in the three times.}
-
<==> {because of these then the best attitude toward them is the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle;
Extremes like: i) existence / realism, ii) non-existence / nihilism, iii) both together / dualism, iv) neither / monism; or extremes like v) subject-only / mind-only / idealism / subjectivism, vi) object-only / naïve realism / objectivism, vii) relation-only / process-only / action-only / relationism / processism, viii) two or three of them together / pluralism, ix) none to them / monism;
so there is nothing to accept / affirm / seek / do / perceive / know in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / not-do / not-perceive / not-know in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively if it helps someone to get closer to the truth about the true nature of Reality as it is here & now;
so the best attitude is just to let them be, and transcend / purify / self-liberate them by directly perceiving / realising / abiding in their true nature (the Ground); to use them as possible temporary imperfect adapted skillful means while being fully aware of their true essence nature & dynamic, without any fixation / reification, without any illusion about them, without being fooled by them, without any grasping, without any attachment, without any di-vision between subject action & object, without becoming slave to them, while being totally free from them not without them}
-
All dharmas are like that. Everything in all Madhyamaka teachings comes down to these reasonings. Together they are like a self-arisen indestructible vajra; one facet supported by the others. Together they point to the Ground, and generate 'certainty' about the view, path and fruition.)


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