Monday, May 16, 2022

The Ornament of the Light of Awareness - Part II - 219b

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Analysis of "The Ornament of the Light of Awareness (wisdom)
that Enters the Domain of All Buddhas" - 219b
(Jñānālokālaṃkāra / JAA)
– PART II –

Source: https://read.84000.co/translation/toh100.html

("The themes of the JAA are mostly related to the completely purified state,
i.e., a perfect and complete Buddha and his activity.")

[See JAA Part I for the first sections]
[See JAA Part II for the last sections]

[Note: The two truths are:
T1: conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances, merely labeled / imputed / imagined / created by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma (in cycle), not completely non-existence;
T2: emptiness of inherent existence, not real existence;
U2T: those two truths, like any other pair of apparent opposites, are inseparable, interdependent, co-defined, co-relative, co-dependent, co-emergent, co-evolving, co-ceasing / co-transcended, in harmony, in 'Union' <==> thus empty of inherent existence.
They are tools to help us to get to the 'inconceivable' by refuting what 'Reality as it is' is not, all extreme views like: existence / dharma, non-existence / non-dharma, both together, neither; difference / manyness / diversity, identity / oneness / sameness, both together, neither; permanence / continuity, impermanence / discontinuity, both together, neither; individual, collective, cosmic, a combination of those, none of those; subject, relation / action / process, object, a combination of those, none of those; etc.

The three spheres: ex.
i. The subject / actor / goer / perceiver / knower / acquirer / owner,
ii. The relation / action / going / perception / knowing / acquiring / having
iii. The object / result / destination / perceived / known / acquired / possessions / karma / 5 aggregates / body & speech & mind.

Generalisations:
Whenever it is possible the comments of each section are expressed into a more global context. So they always cover more than just what is said in the various translations. The goal is to make the Big Picture more visible.

Note: All comments within (i.e. …) or [...] are from the commentator (me), not the translators.)




Short Table of Content

Short Table of Content

Detailed Table of Content with Résumés

Answer Part III. The Nature of Awakening

  • III-1. Awakening – in 23 points (i.e. Most Mahayana teachings come down to: the inconceivable unique all-pervasive timeless unborn unconditioned unchanging unceasing pristine true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now / Ground / Basis / Source / Suchness / [U2T]; the Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T]; the Union of the three spheres [U3S / U2T-3S] of any type of relation / action; the Union of apparent opposites [Uopp / U2T-opp] in any duality / triad / quad /etc.; the Union of the Two Truths about the two truths themselves [U2T-2T]; the tetralemma (not ‘this’, not ‘non-this’, not both together, not neither, whatever ‘this’ is); the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle (nothing to accept / affirm / seek / add / do in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / eliminate /subtract / destroy / not-do in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively); the primordial timelessness, equality, purity, perfection, divinity, completeness, freedom, enlightenment of all dharmas; the Union of the Ground and its inseparable manifestations [UGM]; and acting without acting (actions of the body, speech and mind), without any attachment, without falling into any extreme or middle, without accepting or rejecting anything in absolute terms, acting more and more in accord with the Union of the Two Truths [U2T] until it is perfected with Buddhahood.)

  1. Awakening is the realisation of [Genuine-]emptiness free from all extremes & middle. (i.e. Realising the Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T].)

  2. Awakening is proper application. (i.e. Realising the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle in everything: nothing to add, nothing to subtract.)

  3. Awakening is non-arising. (i.e. Realising the Union of the three stages of becoming [U2T-3stages].)

  4. Awakening is the realisation of sameness. (i.e. Realising the Non-duality / Union of opposites [Uopp].)

  5. Awakening is utter-peace free of all attachments. (i.e. Acting without acting, without attachment; and realising the Union of the three spheres of perception / cognition [U3S / U2T-3S].)

  6. Awakening is to be at peace, utterly at peace. (i.e. Realising the Union of the three stages of perception / cognition [U3S / U2T-3S].)

  7. Awakening is by nature luminous. (i.e. Realising the Union of the Two Truths about the mind; the mind is empty but still functional / luminous.)

  8. Awakening is without striving or giving anything up. (i.e. Realising the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle in everything: nothing to grasp, nothing to abandon.)

  9. Awakening is without sign or reference point. (i.e. Realising the Union of the three spheres of perception / cognition [U3S / U2T-3S].)

  10. Awakening is not past, not future, not present. (i.e. Realising the Union of the three times [U3T]. Not dwelling on any of the three times.)

  11. Awakening is bodiless and unproduced. (i.e. Realising the Union of the three spheres of perception / cognition [U3S / U2T-3S]; and realising the Union of the three stages of becoming [U2T-3stages].)

  12. Awakening is a basis of non-division. (i.e. Realising the Non-duality / Union of opposites [Uopp].)

  13. Awakening is not realized by the body nor by the minds. (i.e. Realising the Union of the three vajras / kayas: body, speech, mind [U3V].)

  14. Awakening cannot be expressed through any dharma. (i.e. Inconceivability.)

  15. Awakening means to be ungraspable and to have no abode. (i.e. Realising the Union of the three spheres of perception / cognition [U3S / U2T-3S].)

  16. Awakening is an appellation for [Genuine-]emptiness. (i.e. The 2nd truth, emptiness, is also dependently co-arisen & empty of inherent existence; realising the Union of the Two Truths about the two truths themselves [U2T-2T].)

  17. Awakening is the same as the sky. (i.e. The 1st truth, dependent origination, is also dependently co-arisen & empty of inherent existence; realising the Union of the Two Truths about the two truths themselves [U2T-2T].)

  18. Awakening is a consistent [unchanging] Basis / Ground. (i.e. The consistent unborn unconditioned empty-of-inherent-existence unchanging unceasing Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable manifestations. Realising the Union of the Ground and its manifestations [UGM].)

  19. Awakening enters the aspect-less by entering an aspect. (i.e. We need conventional truths to get to the ultimate truth. Realising the Union of the Two Truths [U2T].)

  20. Awakening is without outflows and without clinging. (i.e. We need to understand first 'dependent origination [T1]', then 'emptiness [T2]', then to realise the 'Union of the Two Truths [U2T]' …)

  21. Awakening is pure, stainless, and without disturbance. (i.e. Realising that all dharmas are primordially equal, pure, perfect, divine, complete, free, enlightened … realising that there is nothing to destroy.)

  22. Practices (cause), awakening, sentient beings  and the Tathāgata (effect) are non-dual; the two truths are non-dual. (i.e. Practicing without practicing, more and more in accord with the Union of the Two Truths; and realising the Union of the Two Truths about the two truths themselves [U2T-2T].)

  23. Awakening is not about rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / destroying anything. (i.e. Conclusion: Realising that there is nothing to reject / negate / abandon / eliminate / destroy / not-do in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.)

  • III-2. Praise to the inconceivable Tathāgata, the true nature of Reality as it is [U2T] free from extremes & middle, free from all absolutes / reference points – in 44 points.

  • III-3. The Buddha approves – in 13 points.

Answer Part IV. Merit

Colophon


Detailed Table of Content with Résumés

[See JAA Part I for the first sections]
[See JAA Part II for the last sections]

[CONTINUATION OF THE TRANSLATION:]

  • [ANSWER - PART III:]
    [III. The Nature of AwakeningAwakening is an inconceivable individual spontaneous non-dualistic non-conceptual direct perception / realisation / experience of the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now as pointed by concepts like the Union of the Two Truths [U2T, the Union of the three spheres [U3S / U2T-3S], the Union of opposites [Uopp / U2T-opp], the Union of the Two Truths about the two truths themselves [U2T-2T], the Middle Way, the tetralemma … – all free from all extremes & middle, free from all dualistic conceptual proliferations, free from all defining limitations, free from all conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic), free from any origination & duration & action & change & cessation, free from all description / conceptualisation, discrimination / differentiation, causality / production / action / laws, form / matter-energy, space & time.
    Note: 'Transcending / Free from' is not grasping, not being attached to, not being slave to, but it is not necessarily 'to be completely without'; in Reality as it is [U2T] there is nothing to get rid of, as if something was inherently existing with inherently existing 'badness'.
    It is Ok to act / use conventional / relative / inter-subjective / valid / useful / meaningful words, concepts / dualities, ideas / truths / views, actions / methods / paths, milestones / goals, teachings, adapted skillful means – as long as it is without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; acting with more and more awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with more and more compassion and wisdom together.]

    • [III-1. Awakening is an inconceivable personal spontaneous non-dualistic non-conceptual direct perception / realisation / experience of the Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas – including the three spheres, apparent opposites, even the two truths themselves – [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T] [A]. A Union of the Two Truths free from all extremes & middle, free from all dualistic conceptual proliferations, free from all defining limitations, free from all conditioning / karma; free from all description / conceptualisation & non-description / non-conceptualisation, discrimination / differentiation & non-discrimination / non-differentiation, relation / action / causality / production & non-relation / non-action / acausality / non-production, matter-energy, space & time; free from any origination & duration & action & change & cessation, and free from their complete absence / rejection / negation.in 23 points:]

      1. [(a) Awakening is the realisation of [Genuine-]emptiness free from all extremes & middle [U2T].
        "Whoever is born from conditions and causes [T1] is utterly unborn [T2] [U2T]."
        -
        [The true nature & dynamic of all dharmas]
        Dharmas are: ex. all dharmas / fabrications / appearances, and their characteristics / properties / qualities, and their relations – physical / body, conceptual / speech, mental / mind; individual, collective, cosmic; subject / beings, relation / action, object / phenomena, pure or impure; enlightened or not.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real dharmas and their characteristics / properties / qualities, no real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of apparent dharmas [Uopp-all] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas [U2T-all] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].]

      2. [(b) Awakening is proper application.
        "What is called proper application is to neither remove nor add … not doing and not changing … Because mind is by nature luminous … Because what is pure does not become pure; it just is pure."
        -
        [The Middle Way in everything – nothing to add / do / change / obtain / realise, nothing to remove in absolute terms]
        Awakening / buddhahood is adopting the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle in everything: nothing to accept / affirm / seek / add / do in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / eliminate / remove / not-do in absolute terms, nothing to change / improve / purify in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively. Ex. It is not about accepting emptiness [T2], while rejecting / neglecting conventional truths [T1]. It is not about seeking nirvana, while rejecting / trying to escape samsara. The same for the opposites of any duality / triad / quad / etc.: it is not about accepting one side of the duality while rejecting the other side, not vice versa, not about accepting both sides, not about rejecting both sides. This could be generalised for groups of more than two opposites. It is like transcending both the fault and its antidote, good and evil, appearances and emptiness.
        So awakening / buddhahood is acting without acting, without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points, without falling for any extreme or middle about anything, without accepting or rejecting anything in absolute terms, more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T] – until one perfects those with Buddhahood.
        So, with Buddhahood, although one is free from delusion in the form of conventions [T2],
        one still appears to engage with conventions in order to benefit others [T1] [U2T].
        Note: 'Transcending / Free from' is not grasping, not being attached to, not being slave to, but it is not necessarily 'to be completely without'; in Reality as it is [U2T] there is nothing to get rid of, as if something was inherently existing with inherently existing 'badness'.
        It is Ok to act / use conventional / relative / inter-subjective / valid / useful / meaningful words, concepts / dualities, ideas / truths / views, actions / methods / paths, milestones / goals, teachings, adapted skillful means – as long as it is without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; acting with more and more awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with more and more compassion and wisdom together.]

      3. [(c) Awakening is non-arising.
        "That which is pure is non-arising [U2T]. Non-arising [U2T] is faultless."
        -
        [The true nature & dynamic of three stages of becoming]
        The three stages of becoming are: origination / beginning / birth / coming / before / past, duration / middle / existence / change / staying / during / present, cessation / ending / death / going / extinction / after / future.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real three stages of becoming – origination, duration, cessation –, or real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those –
        for anybody / subjects / beings, any relation / action, anything / objects / phenomena.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the three stages of becoming [Uopp-3stages] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the three stages of becoming [U2T-3stages] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].]

      4. [(d) Awakening is the realisation of sameness.
        "The meaning of non-duality is awakening, in the sense of becoming awake."
        -
        [The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites]
        Apparent opposites are: ex. good vs. evil, purity vs. impurity, samsara vs. nirvana, ordinary vs. enlightened, existence vs. non-existence, difference vs. identity, unity vs. diversity, permanence vs. impermanence, dependence vs. independence, emptiness vs. non-emptiness, subject vs. action vs. object [3S], the two truths [2T], etc. …
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real opposites and difference / separation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of apparent opposites [Uopp-in-general] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about apparent opposites [U2T-opp] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        So, it is not about accepting one side of any duality while rejecting the other side, not vice versa, not about accepting both sides, not about rejecting both sides. This could be generalised for groups of more than two opposites.
        It is not about accepting the duality / apparent opposites in absolute terms, not about rejecting them completely in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively depending on the situation. The Middle Way in everything.]

      5. [(e) Awakening is utter-peace free of all attachments.
        "Knowing the nature of form (object) and of the eye (subject & their relation / action) is non-attachment. [U3S / U2T-3S] "
        "The realization of dharmas as they are [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T] is non-attachment."
        "All dharmas are by nature [genuinely-]empty [U2T] … comparable to an illusion [U2T]"
        "Mañjuśrī, no dharma whatsoever can be found for which there may be arising or cessation."
        -
        [Acting without acting]
        Awakening / buddhahood is gaining utter peace through a direct awareness of the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, of all dharmas, of the three spheres / vajras, of apparent opposites, of the two truths themselves [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T]. It is not peace gained by opposing / rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / not-doing something; not gained by rejecting / escaping / hiding from the world / samsara; not gained with complete non-thinking / non-ideation / non-conceptualisation / non-discrimination / non-feeling / non-action of the body & speech & mind; not by rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating all conventional / relative / inter-subjective / valid / useful / meaningful words, concepts / dualities, ideas / truths / views, actions / methods / paths, milestones / goals, teachings, adapted skillful means; but by acting without acting, without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points, without falling for any extreme or middle about anything, without accepting or rejecting anything in absolute terms, acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]. Note: Considering one truth alone is poison [T1], and vice versa [T2], considering them as different and in opposition is poison [2T], considering them as identical / one is also poison [1T]; the solution is to consider the inconceivable Union of the Two truths free from all extremes & middle. That is the Middle Way in everything. That is peace beyond all oppositions.
        .
        [The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites like the three spheres of perception / cognition – subject / perceiver / knower, relation / action / perception / cognition, object / perceived / known –]
        The three spheres are: ex. 1. subject / actor / goer / perceiver / knower / acquirer / owner, 2. relation / action / going / perception / cognition / acquisition / ownership. 3. object / result / destination / perceived / known / acquired / possessions / karma / 5 aggregates / body & speech & mind. And we can generalise this of any type of relation / action, pure or impure.
        The three spheres are: The eighteen dhātus – six external bases, six internal bases, and six consciousnesses. Wx. subject / eye-consciousness, relation / eye organ, object / form … the same for the other senses. They function through the five aggregates.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real three spheres – subjects / beings, relations / actions, objects / phenomena –, no real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the three spheres [U3S / Uopp-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the three spheres [U2T-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        So, it is not about accepting one sphere while rejecting the others, nor any other combination, not about accepting all spheres, not about rejecting all spheres.
        It is not about accepting one or two or three spheres in absolute terms while rejecting the others, not about rejecting all spheres completely in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively depending on the situation. The Middle Way in everything.
        .
        Awakening / buddhahood is acting / perceiving / knowing without acting / perceiving / knowing the skandhas, ayatana, dhatu, the three spheres, apparent opposites, the two truths … without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; with full awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with the perfection of compassion and wisdom together.]

      6. [(f) Awakening is to be at peace, utterly at peace.
        "The eye, Mañjuśrī, is empty of a self and what belongs to a self; such is its nature. [U2T]
        This is called peace.
        Thoroughly understanding that the eye (subject & relation / action) is empty [U2T],
        one does not run toward forms (object). [U3S / U2T-3S]
        Thus it is called utter peace."
        .
        [The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites like the three spheres of perception / cognition – subject / perceiver / knower, relation / action / perception / cognition, object / perceived / known –]
        The three spheres are: ex. 1. subject / actor / goer / perceiver / knower / acquirer / owner, 2. relation / action / going / perception / cognition / acquisition / ownership. 3. object / result / destination / perceived / known / acquired / possessions / karma / 5 aggregates / body & speech & mind. And we can generalise this of any type of relation / action, pure or impure.
        The three spheres are: The eighteen dhātus – six external bases, six internal bases, and six consciousnesses. Wx. subject / eye-consciousness, relation / eye organ, object / form … the same for the other senses. They function through the five aggregates.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real three spheres – subjects / beings, relations / actions, objects / phenomena –, no real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the three spheres [U3S / Uopp-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the three spheres [U2T-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        So, it is not about accepting one sphere while rejecting the others, nor any other combination, not about accepting all spheres, not about rejecting all spheres.
        It is not about accepting one or two or three spheres in absolute terms while rejecting the others, not about rejecting all spheres completely in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively depending on the situation. The Middle Way in everything.
        .
        Awakening / buddhahood is acting / perceiving / knowing without acting / perceiving / knowing the skandhas, ayatana, dhatu, the three spheres, apparent opposites, the two truths … without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; with full awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with the perfection of compassion and wisdom together.]

      7. [(g) Awakening is by nature luminous.
        "The mind is by nature [empty / pure and] luminous [functional] [U2T]."
        (i.e. The true mind, primordial awareness, is not mere-emptiness / nothingness / non-existence / non-causality / non-functionality; it is also spontaneously uninterruptibly luminous / functional / cognizant / acting. Everything in the universe is spontaneously uninterruptibly interacting with everything else, interdependent with everything else across space & time. But is it aware of it?)
        .
        [The true nature & dynamic of the subject / mind: Union of the Two Truths about the mind / awareness: Union of its basic all-pervading timeless unconditioned unchanging unceasing pristine non-dualistic non-conceptual direct functionality / clarity / luminosity / radiance / cognizance [T1] endowed with ignorance (unawakened) or wisdom (awakened) <==> and its emptiness of inherent existence [T2].]
        The mind / awareness is: what is continuously primordially aware [T1] and empty of inherent existence [T2] [U2T]. It has two inseparable aspects: its basic all-pervading timeless unconditioned unchanging unceasing pristine non-dualistic non-conceptual direct functionality / clarity / luminosity / radiance / cognizance [T1] <==> and its emptiness of inherent existence [T2] [U2T]. It is either endowed with ignorance (unawakened) or wisdom (awakened).
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there is no real subject / mind / awareness with its two inseparable aspects; or complete absence of it.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the two aspects of the mind [U2T], or Union of the three spheres [U3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the mind itself, and about its two inseparable aspects [U2T & U2T-2T] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].]

      8. [(h) Awakening is without striving or giving anything up.
        "Without striving means not to grasp at any dharma. (i.e. not accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms)
        Without giving anything up means not to abandon any dharma." (i.e. not rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms)
        .
        [The Middle Way in everything – nothing to grasp, nothing to abandon in absolute terms – transcending both samsara & nirvana]
        Awakening / buddhahood is adopting the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle in everything: nothing to accept / affirm / seek / add / do in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / eliminate / remove / not-do in absolute terms, nothing to change / improve / purify in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively. Ex. It is not about accepting emptiness [T2], while rejecting / neglecting conventional truths [T1]. It is not about seeking nirvana, while rejecting / trying to escape samsara. The same for the opposites of any duality / triad / quad / etc.: it is not about accepting one side of the duality while rejecting the other side, not vice versa, not about accepting both sides, not about rejecting both sides. This could be generalised for groups of more than two opposites. It is like transcending both the fault and its antidote, good and evil, appearances and emptiness.
        So awakening / buddhahood is acting without acting, without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points, without falling for any extreme or middle about anything, without accepting or rejecting anything in absolute terms, more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T] – until one perfects those with Buddhahood.
        So, with Buddhahood, although one is free from delusion in the form of conventions [T2],
        one still appears to engage with conventions in order to benefit others [T1] [U2T].
        Note: 'Transcending / Free from' is not grasping, not being attached to, not being slave to, but it is not necessarily 'to be completely without'; in Reality as it is [U2T] there is nothing to get rid of, as if something was inherently existing with inherently existing 'badness'.
        It is Ok to act / use conventional / relative / inter-subjective / valid / useful / meaningful words, concepts / dualities, ideas / truths / views, actions / methods / paths, milestones / goals, teachings, adapted skillful means – as long as it is without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; acting with more and more awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with more and more compassion and wisdom together.]

      9. [(i) Awakening is without sign or reference point.
        "That the eye-consciousness (subject) does not perceive (relation / action), Mañjuśrī, is signlessness.
        That form (object) is not seen is the lack of reference point."
        .
        [The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites like the three spheres of perception / cognition – subject / perceiver / knower, relation / action / perception / cognition, object / perceived / known –]
        The three spheres are: ex. 1. subject / actor / goer / perceiver / knower / acquirer / owner, 2. relation / action / going / perception / cognition / acquisition / ownership. 3. object / result / destination / perceived / known / acquired / possessions / karma / 5 aggregates / body & speech & mind. And we can generalise this of any type of relation / action, pure or impure.
        The three spheres are: The eighteen dhātus – six external bases, six internal bases, and six consciousnesses. Wx. subject / eye-consciousness, relation / eye organ, object / form … the same for the other senses. They function through the five aggregates.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real three spheres – subjects / beings, relations / actions, objects / phenomena –, no real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the three spheres [U3S / Uopp-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the three spheres [U2T-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        So, it is not about accepting one sphere while rejecting the others, nor any other combination, not about accepting all spheres, not about rejecting all spheres.
        It is not about accepting one or two or three spheres in absolute terms while rejecting the others, not about rejecting all spheres completely in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively depending on the situation. The Middle Way in everything.
        .
        Awakening / buddhahood is acting / perceiving / knowing without acting / perceiving / knowing the skandhas, ayatana, dhatu, the three spheres, apparent opposites, the two truths … without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; with full awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with the perfection of compassion and wisdom together.]

      10. [(j) Awakening is not past, not future, not present.
        "The mind in the past is not perceived.
        Consciousness does not run toward the future.
        Mental placement does not occur in the present."
        .
        [The true nature & dynamic of three stages of becoming, or three times]
        The three stages of becoming are: origination / beginning / birth / coming / before / past, duration / middle / existence / change / staying / during / present, cessation / ending / death / going / extinction / after / future.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real three stages of becoming or three times – origination / before / past, duration / during / present, cessation / after / future –, or real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those– for anybody / subjects / beings, any relation / action, anything / objects / phenomena.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the three times [U3T / Uopp-3T] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the three times[U2T-3T] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        .
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that everything is beyond … causality / production, form / matter-energy, space & time.]

      11. [(k) Awakening is bodiless and unproduced.
        (i.e. With this point we have two topics: bodilessness and un-production; bodilessness is what cannot be perceived / cognize, and un-production is explained as what has no arising, no abiding, no passing away.)
        .
        [Bodilessness: The true nature & dynamic of the three spheres of perception / cognition – subject / perceiver / knower, relation / action / perception / cognition, object / perceived / known –]
        The three spheres are: ex. 1.subject / actor / goer / perceiver / knower / acquirer / owner, 2. relation / action / going / perceiving / cognition / acquisition / ownership. 3. object / result / destination / perceived / known / acquired / possessions / karma / 5 aggregates / body & speech & mind. And we can generalise this of any type of relation / action, pure or impure.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real three spheres – subjects / beings, relations / actions, objects / phenomena –, no real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the three spheres [U3S / Uopp-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the three spheres [U2T-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        So, it is not about accepting one sphere while rejecting the others, nor any other combination, not about accepting all spheres, not about rejecting all spheres.
        It is not about accepting one or two or three spheres in absolute terms while rejecting the others, not about rejecting all spheres completely in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively depending on the situation. The Middle Way in everything.
        .
        Awakening / buddhahood is acting / perceiving / knowing without acting / perceiving / knowing the skandhas, ayatana, dhatu, the three spheres, apparent opposites, the two truths … without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; with full awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with the perfection of compassion and wisdom together.]
        .
        .
        [Un-production: The true nature & dynamic of three stages of becoming]
        The three stages of becoming are: origination / beginning / birth / coming / before / past, duration / middle / existence / change / staying / during / present, cessation / ending / death / going / extinction / after / future.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real three stages of becoming – origination, duration, cessation –, or real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those– for anybody / subjects / beings, any relation / action, anything / objects / phenomena.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the three stages of becoming [Uopp-3stages] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the three stages of becoming [U2T-3stages] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].]

      12. [(l) Awakening is a basis of non-division.
        [Non-division: The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites – the Basis / Ground / Source is beyond all oppositions.]
        Apparent opposites are: ex. good vs. evil, purity vs. impurity, samsara vs. nirvana, ordinary vs. enlightened, existence vs. non-existence, difference vs. identity, unity vs. diversity, permanence vs. impermanence, dependence vs. independence, emptiness vs. non-emptiness, subject vs. action vs. object [3S], the two truths [2T], etc. …
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real opposites and difference / separation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of apparent opposites [Uopp-in-general] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about apparent opposites [U2T-opp] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        So, it is not about accepting one side of any duality while rejecting the other side, not vice versa, not about accepting both sides, not about rejecting both sides. This could be generalised for groups of more than two opposites.
        It is not about accepting the duality / apparent opposites in absolute terms, not about rejecting them completely in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively depending on the situation. The Middle Way in everything.]

      13. [(m) Awakening is not realized by the body nor by the minds.
        "Mañjuśrī, to realize the body and mind in this manner [U2T] is explained as awakening. "
        "Mañjuśrī, awakening cannot be explained in terms of the body, the mind (i.e. physical, conceptual or mental fabrications), or dharma (existence), non-dharma (non-existence), real, unreal, truth, or falsity."
        (i.e. Awakening cannot be explained in terms of the body, the mind (physical, conceptual or mental fabrications), or dharma (existence), non-dharma (non-existence), real, unreal, truth, or falsity. It is beyond the three vajras, beyond all opposites / dualities / triad / quads / etc. —In short beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.)
        .
        [The true nature & dynamic of three vajras – body / physical, speech / conceptual, mind mental fabrications – pure or impure]
        The three vajara are: body / physical, speech / conceptual, mind mental fabrications.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real three vajras – body / physical, speech / conceptual, mind mental fabrications – pure or impure.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the three vajras/ kayas [U3V / U3K] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the three vajras / kayas [U2T-3V / U2T-3K] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].]

      14. [(n) Awakening cannot be expressed through any dharma.
        "Mañjuśrī, with respect to what is real, no words can be found [inconceivable],
        because it is non-arisen [, non-existent] and unceasing."
        .
        We can analyse 'awakening' as any other dharma and use the comments of (a) about the Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas, to describe it.
        Or we can analyse 'awakening' in the context of the three spheres of causality and use the comments of (f) about the Union of the three spheres to describe it.
        Or we can analyse it in the context of two apparent opposites, an ordinary sentient being and an awakened buddha, and use the comment of point (d) about the Union of apparent opposites to describe it.
        The conclusions about awakening are always the same.
        Awakening / buddhahood is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning /karma (individual, collective, cosmic), beyond any origination / duration / action / change / cessation and non-origination / non-duration / non-action / non-change / non-cessation, beyond being conceivable and being inconceivable, beyond all description / conceptualisation and non-description / non-conceptualisation, discrimination / differentiation and non-discrimination / non-differentiation, causality / production / action / laws and non-causality / non-production / non-action / non-laws, form / matter-energy and their opposite, space & time and their opposite. Nothing we say about it is 'it', but still there are many useful teachings about it.
        -
        [The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites like the three spheres of causality about awakening – subject / cause / teachings & practices, relation / action / causality, object / effect / merit & wisdom and ultimately awakening –]
        The three spheres of causality about awakening are: ex. 1.subject / actor / cause / teachings, 2. relation / action / causality. 3. object / result / effect / merit & wisdom and ultimately awakening. And we can generalise this of any type of relation / action, pure or impure.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real three spheres of causality of awakening – subjects / cause / teachings & practices, relation / action / causality, objects / effect / merit & wisdom and ultimately awakening –, no real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the three spheres of causality about awakening [U3S / Uopp-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the three spheres of causality about awakening [U2T-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        So, it is not about accepting one sphere while rejecting the others, nor any other combination, not about accepting all spheres, not about rejecting all spheres.
        It is not about accepting one or two or three spheres in absolute terms while rejecting the others, not about rejecting all spheres completely in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively depending on the situation. The Middle Way in everything.]

      15. [(o) Awakening means to be ungraspable and to have no abode (transcending the three spheres of perception)
        "Not grasping at the eye (relation / action) and not perceiving form (object), the eye-consciousness (subject) has no ground to stand upon [U2T-3S] … Therefore, as his consciousness has no ground to stand upon, he comes to be counted as the Tathāgata, the Arhat, the Perfect and Complete Buddha (i.e. as having directly perceived / realised / experienced the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T])."
        .
        [The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites like the three spheres of perception / cognition – subject / perceiver / knower, relation / action / perception / cognition, object / perceived / known –]
        The three spheres are: ex. 1. subject / actor / goer / perceiver / knower / acquirer / owner, 2. relation / action / going / perception / cognition / acquisition / ownership. 3. object / result / destination / perceived / known / acquired / possessions / karma / 5 aggregates / body & speech & mind. And we can generalise this of any type of relation / action, pure or impure.
        The three spheres are: The eighteen dhātus – six external bases, six internal bases, and six consciousnesses. Wx. subject / eye-consciousness, relation / eye organ, object / form … the same for the other senses. They function through the five aggregates.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real three spheres – subjects / beings, relations / actions, objects / phenomena –, no real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the three spheres [U3S / Uopp-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the three spheres [U2T-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        So, it is not about accepting one sphere while rejecting the others, nor any other combination, not about accepting all spheres, not about rejecting all spheres.
        It is not about accepting one or two or three spheres in absolute terms while rejecting the others, not about rejecting all spheres completely in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively depending on the situation. The Middle Way in everything.
        .
        Awakening / buddhahood is acting / perceiving / knowing without acting / perceiving / knowing the skandhas, ayatana, dhatu, the three spheres, apparent opposites, the two truths … without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; with full awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with the perfection of compassion and wisdom together.]

      16. [(p) Awakening is an appellation for [Genuine-]emptiness free from all extremes & middle[U2T]
        – Genuine-emptiness / U2T of emptiness / the 2nd truth [U2T-2T].
        "Mañjuśrī, there is no duality by which [Genuine-]emptiness and awakening could be made into two." (i.e. The true nature of Reality as it is here & now is Genuine-emptiness free from all extremes & middle, or the Union of the Two Truths [U2T] free from all extremes & middle.)
        "Mañjuśrī, that which is called empty is an appellation for no attachment and no grasping [T1- dependent origination of emptiness; it is merely labeled / inputted by the mind – emptiness is also a conventional truth].
        On the other hand, Mañjuśrī, in the ultimate sense, no dharma called empty is there to be perceived [T2 - emptiness of emptiness]. [U2T-2T]"
        Emptiness is also dependently co-arisen & empty of inherent existence.
        (i.e. Union of the Two Truths about the two truths themselves [U2T-2T] – dependent origination / causality and emptiness of inherent existence –: they are also both empty of inherent existence [T2] <==> because both conventionally dependently co-arise (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances / tools / adapted skillful means [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S]. and vice versa, one aspect implies / proves / enables the other [U2T-2T].)
        .
        [The inconceivable true nature & dynamic of all dharmas is pointed out by concepts like: Genuine-emptiness free from all extremes & middle = Union of the Two Truths [U2T] free from all extremes & middle.]
        Dharmas are: ex. all dharmas / fabrications / appearances, and their characteristics / properties / qualities, and their relations – physical / body, conceptual / speech, mental / mind; individual, collective, cosmic; subject / beings, relation / action, object / phenomena, pure or impure; enlightened or not.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real dharmas and their characteristics / properties / qualities, no real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of apparent dharmas [Uopp-all] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas [U2T-all] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        .
        [The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites like the two truths themselves
        – emptiness is also dependently co-arisen & empty of inherent existence]
        Apparent opposites are: in this example the two apparent opposites are the two truths themselves.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real opposites (two truths) and difference / separation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of apparent opposites like the two truths themselves [Uopp-2T] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the two truths themselves [U2T-2T] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        So, it is not about accepting one truth while rejecting the other truth [T1-only], not vice versa [T2-only], not about accepting both truths as different and opposite [2T], not about rejecting both truths as if identical and one [1T]. The Middle Way in everything.]

      17. [(q) Awakening is the same as the sky
        – Genuine-emptiness / U2T of dependent origination / causality / the 1st truth [U2T-2T].
        "They (dharmas) come about within the dharma of dependence [T1], [T1- dependent origination / causality]
        and there is no one here that causes them to come about. [T2 - emptiness of dependent origination / causality]
        Thus it is said that the Tathāgata teaches the Dharma for the sake of cutting off the [transcending all] dharmas [U2T]."
        Dependent origination is also dependently co-arisen & empty of inherent existence.
        (i.e. Union of the Two Truths about the two truths themselves [U2T-2T] – dependent origination / causality and emptiness of inherent existence –: they are also both empty of inherent existence [T2] <==> because both conventionally dependently co-arise (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances / tools / adapted skillful means [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S]. and vice versa, one aspect implies / proves / enables the other [U2T-2T].)
        .
        [The inconceivable true nature & dynamic of all dharmas is pointed out by concepts like: Genuine-emptiness free from all extremes & middle = Union of the Two Truths [U2T] free from all extremes & middle.]
        Dharmas are: ex. all dharmas / fabrications / appearances, and their characteristics / properties / qualities, and their relations – physical / body, conceptual / speech, mental / mind; individual, collective, cosmic; subject / beings, relation / action, object / phenomena, pure or impure; enlightened or not.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real dharmas and their characteristics / properties / qualities, no real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of apparent dharmas [Uopp-all] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas [U2T-all] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        .
        [The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites like the two truths themselves
        – dependent origination is also dependently co-arisen & empty of inherent existence]
        Apparent opposites are: in this example the two apparent opposites are the two truths themselves.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real opposites (two truths) and difference / separation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of apparent opposites like the two truths themselves [Uopp-2T] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the two truths themselves [U2T-2T] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        So, it is not about accepting one truth while rejecting the other truth [T1-only], not vice versa [T2-only], not about accepting both truths as different and opposite [2T], not about rejecting both truths as if identical and one [1T]. The Middle Way in everything.]

      18. [(r) Awakening is a consistent Basis / Ground
        "For all those things (the variety of appearance / T1) there is a 'consistent basis (the unicity of their true nature / T2 / U2T).' "
        "Neither oneness (unicity of their true nature / T2 / U2T) nor plurality  (variety of appearance / T1) is perceived."
        The two truths – dependent origination and emptiness – are interdependent / dependently co-arisen and thus both empty of inherent existence [U2T-2T].
        (i.e. The Ground / Basis / Source / True nature of Reality as it is / Suchness / Union of the Two Truths [U2T] is consistent: unborn unconditioned empty-of-inherent-existence unchanging unceasing. Things appear in their variety [T2], but, ultimately, they all have the same unique unborn unconditioned unchanging unceasing pristine true nature & dynamic as it is here & now as pointed out by the concepts of Genuine-emptiness free from all extremes & middle = Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas [U2T]. So, one should not grasp at, get attached to, become slave to, either of these two aspects / truths. Grasping at any of them (or both of them, or neither), as if they were independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing truths / principles, makes them turn into poisons. It is the same inconceivable true nature & dynamic in all space & time; it never changes.)
        .
        [The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites like: singularity & plurality, or like conventional and absolute, or like the two truths themselves – the plurality of conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances and the unicity of emptiness of inherent existence –]
        Apparent opposites are: ex. good vs. evil, purity vs. impurity, samsara vs. nirvana, ordinary vs. enlightened, existence vs. non-existence, difference vs. identity, unity vs. diversity, permanence vs. impermanence, dependence vs. independence, emptiness vs. non-emptiness, subject vs. action vs. object [3S], the two truths [2T], etc. …
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real opposites and difference / separation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of apparent opposites [Uopp-in-general] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about apparent opposites [U2T-opp] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        So, it is not about accepting one side of any duality while rejecting the other side, not vice versa, not about accepting both sides, not about rejecting both sides. This could be generalised for groups of more than two opposites.
        It is not about accepting the duality / apparent opposites in absolute terms, not about rejecting them completely in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively depending on the situation. The Middle Way in everything.]

      19. [(s) Awakening enters the aspect-less by entering an aspect
        [To get to the the inconceivable liberating Truth, the true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is, the Union of the Two Truths [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T] about all dharmas, one needs to understand the emptiness of inherent existence of all dharmas [T2]; to do that one needs to understand the dependent co-origination of all dharmas [T1]. It is by realising the true nature & dynamic of the conventional / relative [T1] that one gets to the absolute [U2T]. If one rejects / negates / abandons /  eliminates / destroys … the conventional / relative,then he will never get to the ultimate [U2T].]
        .
        [The Middle Way in everything – Acting / perceiving / knowing / comparing / discriminating / differentiating / ranking conventionally / relatively [T1] – without really acting / perceiving / knowing / comparing / discriminating / differentiating / rankingin absolute terms [T2]. In accord with the Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; fully aware of the true nature of Reality as it is here & now [U2T / U3S / Uopp / U2T-2T].]
        Awakening / buddhahood is adopting the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle in everything: nothing to accept / affirm / seek / add / do in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / eliminate / remove / not-do in absolute terms, nothing to change / improve / purify in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively. Ex. It is not about accepting emptiness [T2], while rejecting / neglecting conventional truths [T1]. It is not about seeking nirvana, while rejecting / trying to escape samsara. The same for the opposites of any duality / triad / quad / etc.: it is not about accepting one side of the duality while rejecting the other side, not vice versa, not about accepting both sides, not about rejecting both sides. This could be generalised for groups of more than two opposites. It is like transcending both the fault and its antidote, good and evil, appearances and emptiness.
        So awakening / buddhahood is acting without acting, without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points, without falling for any extreme or middle about anything, without accepting or rejecting anything in absolute terms, more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T] – until one perfects those with Buddhahood.
        So, with Buddhahood, although one is free from delusion in the form of conventions [T2],
        one still appears to engage with conventions in order to benefit others [T1] [U2T].
        Note: 'Transcending / Free from' is not grasping, not being attached to, not being slave to, but it is not necessarily 'to be completely without'; in Reality as it is [U2T] there is nothing to get rid of, as if something was inherently existing with inherently existing 'badness'.
        It is Ok to act / use conventional / relative / inter-subjective / valid / useful / meaningful words, concepts / dualities, ideas / truths / views, actions / methods / paths, milestones / goals, teachings, adapted skillful means – as long as it is without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; acting with more and more awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with more and more compassion and wisdom together.]

      20. [(t) Awakening is without outflows and without clinging
        "The meaning of non-duality is non-arising [, non-existence] and non-cessation." (i.e. Everything is non-dual because non-arisen <==> because empty of inherent existence, <==> because dependently arisen, merely labeled / imputed by the mind.)
        "The Tathāgata has realized, through their very sameness, that all these dharmas are equal." (i.e. There is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis for any discrimination / differentiation in absolute terms.)
        "One who sees dependent arising [T1] sees the Dharma; one who sees the Dharma sees the Tathāgata [U2T]." (i.e. So the first thing to realise is the dependent origination / causality of all dharmas; then their emptiness of inherent existence; then the Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas …)
        .
        [The Middle Way in everything – Acting / perceiving / knowing / comparing / discriminating / differentiating / ranking conventionally / relatively [T1] – without really acting / perceiving / knowing / comparing / discriminating / differentiating / rankingin absolute terms [T2]: without any attachment to the self, desires for objects or experiences, views, activities / practices. In accord with the Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; fully aware of the true nature of Reality as it is here & now [U2T / U3S / Uopp / U2T-2T].]
        Awakening / buddhahood is adopting the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle in everything: nothing to accept / affirm / seek / add / do in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / eliminate / remove / not-do in absolute terms, nothing to change / improve / purify in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively. Ex. It is not about accepting emptiness [T2], while rejecting / neglecting conventional truths [T1]. It is not about seeking nirvana, while rejecting / trying to escape samsara. The same for the opposites of any duality / triad / quad / etc.: it is not about accepting one side of the duality while rejecting the other side, not vice versa, not about accepting both sides, not about rejecting both sides. This could be generalised for groups of more than two opposites. It is like transcending both the fault and its antidote, good and evil, appearances and emptiness.
        So awakening / buddhahood is acting without acting, without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points, without falling for any extreme or middle about anything, without accepting or rejecting anything in absolute terms, more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T] – until one perfects those with Buddhahood.
        So, with Buddhahood, although one is free from delusion in the form of conventions [T2],
        one still appears to engage with conventions in order to benefit others [T1] [U2T].
        Note: 'Transcending / Free from' is not grasping, not being attached to, not being slave to, but it is not necessarily 'to be completely without'; in Reality as it is [U2T] there is nothing to get rid of, as if something was inherently existing with inherently existing 'badness'.
        It is Ok to act / use conventional / relative / inter-subjective / valid / useful / meaningful words, concepts / dualities, ideas / truths / views, actions / methods / paths, milestones / goals, teachings, adapted skillful means – as long as it is without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; acting with more and more awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with more and more compassion and wisdom together.]

      21. [(u) Awakening is pure, stainless, and without disturbance
        [Since] "Mañjuśrī, it is said that all dharmas are the same as nirvāṇa. …
        they are primordially pure, primordially stainless, and primordially without disturbances."
        [Then] "A bodhisattva does not think of destruction (rejection / abandon / elimination), arising (existence),
        non-destruction (acceptation), non-arising (non-existence),
        and the utter destruction of destruction (rejection of the four extremes about acceptation & rejection);
        nor is he disturbed by utter non-arising (rejection of the four extremes views about existence & non-existence)."
        .
        [The practice / conduct of a Bodhisattva: Acting / practicing without acting / practicing with more and more compassion / interdependence & wisdom / emptiness together – Knowing that all dharmas are the same as nirvāṇa; primordially pure, primordially stainless, and primordially without disturbances.]
        Awakening / buddhahood is gaining utter peace through a direct awareness of the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, of all dharmas, of the three spheres / vajras, of apparent opposites, of the two truths themselves [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T]. It is not peace gained by opposing / rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / not-doing something; not gained by rejecting / escaping / hiding from the world / samsara; not gained with complete non-thinking / non-ideation / non-conceptualisation / non-discrimination / non-feeling / non-action of the body & speech & mind; not by rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating all conventional / relative / inter-subjective / valid / useful / meaningful words, concepts / dualities, ideas / truths / views, actions / methods / paths, milestones / goals, teachings, adapted skillful means; but by acting without acting, without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points, without falling for any extreme or middle about anything, without accepting or rejecting anything in absolute terms, acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]. Note: Considering one truth alone is poison [T1], and vice versa [T2], considering them as different and in opposition is poison [2T], considering them as identical / one is also poison [1T]; the solution is to consider the inconceivable Union of the Two truths free from all extremes & middle. That is the Middle Way in everything. That is peace beyond all oppositions.
        -
        -
        [The true nature & dynamic of all dharmas – All dharmas are the same as nirvāṇa; primordially pure, primordially stainless, and primordially without disturbances]
        Dharmas are: ex. all dharmas / fabrications / appearances, and their characteristics / properties / qualities, and their relations – physical / body, conceptual / speech, mental / mind; individual, collective, cosmic; subject / beings, relation / action, object / phenomena, pure or impure; enlightened or not.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real dharmas and their characteristics / properties / qualities, no real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of apparent dharmas [Uopp-all] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas [U2T-all] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].]

      22. [(v) Practices (cause), awakening, sentient beings and the Tathāgata (effect) are non-dual; the two truths are non-dual
        "Mañjuśrī, a bodhisattva may practice thinking that 'form is not empty' [T1] and also 'not non-empty.' [T2] [U2T]
        Practicing in this way, Mañjuśrī, that bodhisattva practices within the conduct of a bodhisattva."
        (i.e. Practicing more and more in accord with the two aspects of the Union of the Two Truths; not grasping at one truth or the other – causality or emptiness –: not accepting, not rejecting anything in absolute terms.)
        .
        [The practice / conduct of a Bodhisattva: Acting / practicing without acting / practicing, without any attachment, without falling for any extremes or middle, without accepting or rejecting anything in absolute terms, while being fully aware of the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now [U2T]. – Knowing that apparent opposites like the three spheres of causality of enlightenment: subject / causes (teachings & practices, the four immeasurable attitudes, the six paramitas …), relation / action / causality, object / result / effect (accumulation of merit & wisdom, and ultimately enlightenment)are not different / separate / dual / opposite … And, especially, not getting attached to any extreme view about the Two Truths: ex. not dependent origination / causality / appearances only [T1], not mere-emptiness / nothingness / non-existence / non-causality / non-functionality only [T2], not the two truths together as different and in opposition [2T], not neither of the two truths as if identical and one  [1T].
        -
        [The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites like the three spheres of causality about awakening – subject / cause / teachings & practices, relation / action / causality, object / effect / merit & wisdom and ultimately awakening –]
        The three spheres of causality about awakening are: ex. 1.subject / actor / cause / teachings, 2. relation / action / causality. 3. object / result / effect / merit & wisdom and ultimately awakening. And we can generalise this of any type of relation / action, pure or impure.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real three spheres of causality of awakening – subjects / cause / teachings & practices, relation / action / causality, objects / effect / merit & wisdom and ultimately awakening –, no real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the three spheres of causality about awakening [U3S / Uopp-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the three spheres of causality about awakening [U2T-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        So, it is not about accepting one sphere while rejecting the others, nor any other combination, not about accepting all spheres, not about rejecting all spheres.
        It is not about accepting one or two or three spheres in absolute terms while rejecting the others, not about rejecting all spheres completely in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively depending on the situation. The Middle Way in everything.]
        -
        [The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites like the two truths themselves – emptiness is also empty]
        Apparent opposites are: in this example the two apparent opposites are the two truths themselves.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
        there are no real opposites (two truths) and difference / separation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of apparent opposites like the two truths themselves [Uopp-2T] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
        the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the two truths themselves [U2T-2T] free from all extremes & middle.
        That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
        Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
        not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
        not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
        not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
        not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
        Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
        Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
        Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
        Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
        So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
        Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
        Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
        So, it is not about accepting one truth while rejecting the other truth [T1-only], not vice versa [T2-only], not about accepting both truths as different and opposite [2T], not about rejecting both truths as if identical and one [1T]. The Middle Way in everything.]

      23. [(w) Awakening is not about rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / destroying anything.
        "The destruction of the outflows, Mañjuśrī, is a conventional expression, speech, syllables, sign, and designation.
        Here no dharma whatsoever arises or ceases (or is destroyed / extinguished)."
        "Destruction is the destruction of nothing whatsoever."
        "That which is understood as destruction is simply the destruction of extremes."
        "This dharmatā is invariable." (i.e. nothing to add, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / eliminate / subtract / destroy.)
        .
        [Awakening / transcending is not about rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / destroying / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.]
        Conclusion: There is nothing to reject / negate / abandon / eliminate / destroy / not-do in absolute terms, because the true nature & dynamic of everything is the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T]: all empty of inherent existence [T2] <==> because dependently co-arisen [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind [U3S], and vice versa (<==>) [U2T]. Because everything is not really existent, not completely non-existent, not both together, not neither; not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither. Because everything is unborn unconditioned empty-of-inherent-existence unchanging unceasing. Because there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively. Because the true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma. Because everything is primordially spontaneous, equal, pure, perfect, divine, complete, free, enlightened, the inseparable three pure kayas (trikaya), the true Buddha. Because everything is inseparable spontaneous natural pristine manifestations of the {inconceivable unique non-dual non-conceptual all-pervading timeless unborn unconditioned empty-of-inherent-existence unchanging unceasing pristine equal pure perfect divine free enlightened} Ground / Basis / Source / Buddha-nature / Genuine-emptiness / Suchness / True nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now / Union of the Two Truths free from all extremes & middle [U2T] [UGM].
        .
        [The Middle Way in everything – nothing to add / do / change / obtain / realise, nothing to remove in absolute terms]
        Awakening / buddhahood is adopting the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle in everything: nothing to accept / affirm / seek / add / do in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / eliminate / remove / not-do in absolute terms, nothing to change / improve / purify in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively. Ex. It is not about accepting emptiness [T2], while rejecting / neglecting conventional truths [T1]. It is not about seeking nirvana, while rejecting / trying to escape samsara. The same for the opposites of any duality / triad / quad / etc.: it is not about accepting one side of the duality while rejecting the other side, not vice versa, not about accepting both sides, not about rejecting both sides. This could be generalised for groups of more than two opposites. It is like transcending both the fault and its antidote, good and evil, appearances and emptiness.
        So awakening / buddhahood is acting without acting, without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points, without falling for any extreme or middle about anything, without accepting or rejecting anything in absolute terms, more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T] – until one perfects those with Buddhahood.
        So, with Buddhahood, although one is free from delusion in the form of conventions [T2],
        one still appears to engage with conventions in order to benefit others [T1] [U2T].
        Note: 'Transcending / Free from' is not grasping, not being attached to, not being slave to, but it is not necessarily 'to be completely without'; in Reality as it is [U2T] there is nothing to get rid of, as if something was inherently existing with inherently existing 'badness'.
        It is Ok to act / use conventional / relative / inter-subjective / valid / useful / meaningful words, concepts / dualities, ideas / truths / views, actions / methods / paths, milestones / goals, teachings, adapted skillful means – as long as it is without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; acting with more and more awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with more and more compassion and wisdom together.
        .
        [Acting without acting]
        Awakening / buddhahood is gaining utter peace through a direct awareness of the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, of all dharmas, of the three spheres / vajras, of apparent opposites, of the two truths themselves [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T]. It is not peace gained by opposing / rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / not-doing something; not gained by rejecting / escaping / hiding from the world / samsara; not gained with complete non-thinking / non-ideation / non-conceptualisation / non-discrimination / non-feeling / non-action of the body & speech & mind; not by rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating all conventional / relative / inter-subjective / valid / useful / meaningful words, concepts / dualities, ideas / truths / views, actions / methods / paths, milestones / goals, teachings, adapted skillful means; but by acting without acting, without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points, without falling for any extreme or middle about anything, without accepting or rejecting anything in absolute terms, acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]. Note: Considering one truth alone is poison [T1], and vice versa [T2], considering them as different and in opposition is poison [2T], considering them as identical / one is also poison [1T]; the solution is to consider the inconceivable Union of the Two truths free from all extremes & middle. That is the Middle Way in everything. That is peace beyond all oppositions.]

    • [III-2. Praise to the inconceivable true nature of Reality as it is (Tathāgata / U2T) free from all absolutes / reference points – in 44 points.]

    • [III-3. The Buddha approves – in 13 points. – [Awakening / buddhahood is indescribable / inconceivable / unarisen / non-existent / unceasing. In Reality as it is [U2T], everything is not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither. In Reality as it is [U2T], there are no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing Ground / Basis / Scales / Frames of reference for any discrimination / differentiation / ranking in absolute terms, and no first causes, just conventional / relative / inter-subjective / dependently co-arisen ones. Meaning there is nothing to accept / affirm / seek / add / do in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / eliminate / subtract / not-do in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively. There is nothing to perceive / realise / know / teach, nothing to not-perceive / not-realise / not-know / not-teach in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively. There is nothing to change / improve / purify, nothing to not-change / not-improve / not-purify in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively. There is nothing to obtain / gain / create, nothing to not-obtain / not-gain / not-create in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively. Why? Because in Reality as it is [U2T], everything is primordially spontaneous, equal, pure, perfect, divine, complete, free, enlightened, the inseparable three pure kayas (trikaya), the true Buddha, the Ground / U2T.]

  • [ANSWER - PART IV:]
    [IV. Merit: There is an inconceivable amount of wisdom & merit together to be gained from getting more and more involved with this Sutra: ex. listening to it, writing it down, learning from it, believing it, trusting it, explaining it to others, teaching it, wishing to establish it well, protect it …]

  • Colophon




The Translation

[See JAA Part I for the first sections]
[See JAA Part II for the last sections]

[III. The Nature of Awakening

Awakening is an inconceivable individual spontaneous non-dualistic non-conceptual direct perception / realisation / experience of the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now as pointed by concepts like the Union of the Two Truths [U2T, the Union of the three spheres [U3S / U2T-3S], the Union of opposites [Uopp / U2T-opp], the Union of the Two Truths about the two truths themselves [U2T-2T], the Middle Way, the tetralemma … – all free from all extremes & middle, free from all dualistic conceptual proliferations, free from all defining limitations, free from all conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic), free from any origination & duration & action & change & cessation, free from all description / conceptualisation, discrimination / differentiation, causality / production / action / laws, form / matter-energy, space & time.
Note: 'Transcending / Free from' is not grasping, not being attached to, not being slave to, but it is not necessarily 'to be completely without'; in Reality as it is [U2T] there is nothing to get rid of, as if something was inherently existing with inherently existing 'badness'.
It is Ok to act / use conventional / relative / inter-subjective / valid / useful / meaningful words, concepts / dualities, ideas / truths / views, actions / methods / paths, milestones / goals, teachings, adapted skillful means – as long as it is without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; acting with more and more awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with more and more compassion and wisdom together.]

[III-1. Awakening

Awakening is an inconceivable personal spontaneous non-dualistic non-conceptual direct perception / realisation / experience of the Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas – including the three spheres, apparent opposites, even the two truths themselves – [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T] [A]. A Union of the Two Truths free from all extremes & middle, free from all dualistic conceptual proliferations, free from all defining limitations, free from all conditioning / karma; free from all description / conceptualisation & non-description / non-conceptualisation, discrimination / differentiation & non-discrimination / non-differentiation, relation / action / causality / production & non-relation / non-action / acausality / non-production, matter-energy, space & time; free from any origination & duration & action & change & cessation, and free from their complete absence / rejection / negation. – in 23 points:]

[Goto TOC]

—------------------

[(a) Awakening is the realisation of [Genuine-]emptiness free from all extremes & middle [U2T].

"Whoever is born from conditions and causes [T1] is utterly unborn [T2] [U2T]."
-
[The true nature & dynamic of all dharmas]
Dharmas are: ex. all dharmas / fabrications / appearances, and their characteristics / properties / qualities, and their relations – physical / body, conceptual / speech, mental / mind; individual, collective, cosmic; subject / beings, relation / action, object / phenomena, pure or impure; enlightened or not.
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
there are no real dharmas and their characteristics / properties / qualities, no real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
the inconceivable Union of apparent dharmas [Uopp-all] free from all extremes & middle.
That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about all dharmas [U2T-all] free from all extremes & middle.
That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].]

[Goto TOC]

"For someone with no abode in any dharma, the mind has no place to stand.
For a mind that stands nowhere, there will be non-arising.
And for someone who sees in this way, no distorted mind and mental states come about;
someone whose mind is undistorted will have authentic attainment.

"Whoever has authentic attainment will not form elaborations.
Someone who does not form elaborations does not move about.
When one does not move about, one does not wander.
When one does not wander, one does not become distracted.
One who does not become distracted does not oppose the dharmatā (i.e. the true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is).
One who does not oppose the dharmatā is in conformity with everything [U2T].
One who is in conformity with everything does not move from the nature of the dharmas.
One who does not move from the nature of the dharmas obtains the nature of the dharmas.
One who obtains the nature of the dharmas does not form any elaboration [T2].
Why is that?
Because he is born due to conditions and causes [T1] [U2T].

"Whoever is born from conditions and causes is utterly unborn.
Someone utterly unborn has gained certainty.
Whoever has gained certainty does not dwell with any mental engagement in the dharmas.
When one does not dwell with any mental engagement in the dharmas, one does not dwell with the dharmas.
When one does not dwell with the dharmas, one does not come into existence or go out of existence.
When one does not come into existence or go out of existence, one becomes fixed and has obtained the Dharma.

"When one becomes fixed and has obtained the Dharma, one applies oneself to the proper dharma.
When one applies oneself to the proper dharma, no dharma whatsoever is not a buddhadharma.
And why?
Due to the realization of emptiness.
The realization of [Genuine-]emptiness (free from all extremes & middle = U2T) is awakening.

—------------------

[(b) Awakening is proper application.

"What is called proper application is to neither remove nor add … not doing and not changing … Because mind is by nature luminous … Because what is pure does not become pure; it just is pure."
-
[The Middle Way in everything – nothing to add / do / change / obtain / realise, nothing to remove in absolute terms]
Awakening / buddhahood is adopting the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle in everything: nothing to accept / affirm / seek / add / do in absolute terms, nothing to reject / negate / abandon / eliminate / remove / not-do in absolute terms, nothing to change / improve / purify in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively. Ex. It is not about accepting emptiness [T2], while rejecting / neglecting conventional truths [T1]. It is not about seeking nirvana, while rejecting / trying to escape samsara. The same for the opposites of any duality / triad / quad / etc.: it is not about accepting one side of the duality while rejecting the other side, not vice versa, not about accepting both sides, not about rejecting both sides. This could be generalised for groups of more than two opposites. It is like transcending both the fault and its antidote, good and evil, appearances and emptiness.
So awakening / buddhahood is acting without acting, without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points, without falling for any extreme or middle about anything, without accepting or rejecting anything in absolute terms, more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T] – until one perfects those with Buddhahood.
So, with Buddhahood, although one is free from delusion in the form of conventions [T2],
one still appears to engage with conventions in order to benefit others [T1] [U2T].
Note: 'Transcending / Free from' is not grasping, not being attached to, not being slave to, but it is not necessarily 'to be completely without'; in Reality as it is [U2T] there is nothing to get rid of, as if something was inherently existing with inherently existing 'badness'.
It is Ok to act / use conventional / relative / inter-subjective / valid / useful / meaningful words, concepts / dualities, ideas / truths / views, actions / methods / paths, milestones / goals, teachings, adapted skillful means – as long as it is without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; acting with more and more awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with more and more compassion and wisdom together.]

[Goto TOC]

"It is awakening, because in this way one realizes [Genuine-]emptiness [free from all extremes & middle about any duality] [ = U2T],
no-sign, no-wish;
no-effort, no-dwelling, no coming about;
no object of apprehension and no-abode.
(i.e. Here 'No' means not existent / functional / real, not non-existent / non-functional / unreal, not both together, not neither. [U2T])
Awakening is proper application [i.e. the Middle Way free from all extremes & middle].

"What is called proper application is to neither remove nor add.
It is the application of not doing and not changing, and it is not connected.
It is the non-liberated application, the application of neither oneness nor plurality,
and the application of what has yet to come.
This is proper application.

"In that respect, there is no application, no measure, and no direct realization of a result.
And why?
Because mind is by nature luminous. (i.e. Primordially the Union of luminosity & emptiness).
It is afflicted by adventitious afflictions, but its nature is not afflicted.

"Luminosity by nature is non-affliction. (i.e. The inconceivable primordial unconditioned non-dualistic non-conceptual functionality of the true mind [T1] free from all afflictions, free from all extremes & middle, free from all dualistic conceptual proliferations, free from all defining limitations, free from all conditioning / karma. Note: 'fee from, not necessarily without'. 'Free from something' by being directly aware of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T].)
With respect to non-affliction there is no counteragent‍—a counteragent by which the destruction of the afflictions may occur.
And why?
Because what is pure does not become pure; it just is pure.

—------------------

[(c) Awakening is non-arising.

"That which is pure is non-arising [U2T]. Non-arising [U2T] is faultless."
-
[The true nature & dynamic of three stages of becoming]
The three stages of becoming are: origination / beginning / birth / coming / before / past, duration / middle / existence / change / staying / during / present, cessation / ending / death / going / extinction / after / future.
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
there are no real three stages of becoming – origination, duration, cessation –, or real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those– for anybody / subjects / beings, any relation / action, anything / objects / phenomena.
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
the inconceivable Union of the three stages of becoming [Uopp-3stages] free from all extremes & middle.
That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the three stages of becoming [U2T-3stages] free from all extremes & middle.
That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].]

[Goto TOC]

"That which is pure is non-arising.
Non-arising is faultless.
What is faultless is the destruction of joys, whereby all attachments cease.
Where all attachments cease, that is non-arising.
And non-arising is awakening.

—------------------

[(d) Awakening is the realisation of sameness.

"The meaning of non-duality is awakening, in the sense of becoming awake."
-
[The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites]
Apparent opposites are: ex. good vs. evil, purity vs. impurity, samsara vs. nirvana, ordinary vs. enlightened, existence vs. non-existence, difference vs. identity, unity vs. diversity, permanence vs. impermanence, dependence vs. independence, emptiness vs. non-emptiness, subject vs. action vs. object [3S], the two truths [2T], etc. …
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
there are no real opposites and difference / separation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
the inconceivable Union of apparent opposites [Uopp-in-general] free from all extremes & middle.
That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about apparent opposites [U2T-opp] free from all extremes & middle.
That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
So, it is not about accepting one side of any duality while rejecting the other side, not vice versa, not about accepting both sides, not about rejecting both sides. This could be generalised for groups of more than two opposites.
It is not about accepting the duality / apparent opposites in absolute terms, not about rejecting them completely in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively depending on the situation. The Middle Way in everything.]

[Goto TOC]

"Awakening is sameness [i.e. Non-duality / Uopp].
Sameness is the tathatā. (i.e. "the true, concrete essence or nature of things before ideas or words about them" - Ground / Basis / Source / Suchness / [U2T])
All dharmas, co-produced and unproduced, abide in the tathatā.
With respect to the tathatā there is neither something co-produced nor something unproduced;
there is no designation of duality. (i.e. [Uopp])
Where there is nothing co-produced or unproduced, and no designation of duality, that is the tathatā.

"The tathatā is nothing else but the tathatā.
Nothing else but the tathatā is the unchanging tathatā.
The unchanging tathatā is the non-coming tathatā.
The non-coming tathatā is the tathatā that does not go.
The tathatā that does not go is the authentic tathatā.
The authentic tathatā is the not-at-all-tathatā.
The not-at-all-tathatā is not afflicted and is not purified.
That which is neither afflicted nor purified neither arises nor ceases.
That which neither arises nor ceases is the same as nirvāṇa.
That which is the same as nirvāṇa neither roams within saṃsāra nor passes into complete nirvāṇa.
That which neither roams within saṃsāra nor passes into complete nirvāṇa is not past, future, or present.
That which is not past, future, or present is not low, middling, or high.
That which is not low, middling, or high is the tathatā.

"What we call tathathā (i.e. "the true, concrete essence or nature of things before ideas or words about them" - Ground / Basis / Source / Suchness / [U2T])
is an expression meaning tattva. (i.e. 'thatness', 'principle', 'reality' or 'truth')
What we call tattva is tathatā itself.
Tathatā being the same as tattva is called tathatva. (i.e. "principle" or "reality")
Thus, the tathatā and the self are not two, they are non-dual. (i.e. Union of the Two Truths.)

The meaning of non-duality [Uopp] [C] is awakening, in the sense of becoming awake.
The meaning is explained as the awareness that enters the three gates of liberation with respect to all the Dharma teachings.
The awareness is explained as engaging in the sameness of the three times [U3T / U2T-3T] with respect to all dharmas.
The meaning of the inseparability of all dharmas [C] is what is explained as the meaning.
It is voiceless, ineffable, inexpressible, and cut off from any expressions. (i.e. Inconceivable)
Awareness is explained as the awareness that understands the meaning and understands consciousness;
this is explained as awareness.
The meaning is explained as the meaning that is established by the awareness that understands the meaning of tattva, and by the awareness that understands consciousness.
That itself is the dharmatā. (i.e. The inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now [U2T].)
And the dharmatā is the meaning.

"The dharmatā is the fixity of the dharmas, the regularity of the dharmas;
it does not occur within a dharma.
The non-occurrence of the dharma and the sameness of meaning and expression are the same with respect to the non-dual meaning.
Sameness is the meaning.
It is sameness according to the understanding of the meaning;
it is the sameness of awareness, entering the gate of non-duality.

"The sameness of the interpretable meaning and the definitive meaning is their common meaning, which is emptiness [U2T].
The sameness of the person is the same as the common meaning.
The sameness of the dharmas is the same as the sameness of persons.
The sameness of liberation is the same as the sameness of the dharmas.
Realization according to the sameness of liberation is awakening.

—------------------

[(e) Awakening is utter-peace free of all attachments.

"Knowing the nature of form (object) and of the eye (subject & their relation / action) is non-attachment. [U3S / U2T-3S] "
"The realization of dharmas as they are [U2T] is non-attachment."
"All dharmas are by nature [genuinely-]empty [U2T] … comparable to an illusion [U2T]"
"Mañjuśrī, no dharma whatsoever can be found for which there may be arising or cessation."
-
[Acting without acting]
Awakening / buddhahood is gaining utter peace through a direct awareness of the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, of all dharmas, of the three spheres / vajras, of apparent opposites, of the two truths themselves [U2T / U2T-3S / U2T-opp / U2T-2T]. It is not peace gained by opposing / rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / not-doing something; not gained by rejecting / escaping / hiding from the world / samsara; not gained with complete non-thinking / non-ideation / non-conceptualisation / non-discrimination / non-feeling / non-action of the body & speech & mind; not by rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating all conventional / relative / inter-subjective / valid / useful / meaningful words, concepts / dualities, ideas / truths / views, actions / methods / paths, milestones / goals, teachings, adapted skillful means; but by acting without acting, without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points, without falling for any extreme or middle about anything, without accepting or rejecting anything in absolute terms, acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable true nature & dynamic of Reality as it is here & now, acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]. Note: Considering one truth alone is poison [T1], and vice versa [T2], considering them as different and in opposition is poison [2T], considering them as identical / one is also poison [1T]; the solution is to consider the inconceivable Union of the Two truths free from all extremes & middle. That is the Middle Way in everything. That is peace beyond all oppositions.
.

[The true nature & dynamic of apparent opposites like the three spheres of perception / cognition – subject / perceiver / knower, relation / action / perception / cognition, object / perceived / known –]
The three spheres are: ex. 1. subject / actor / goer / perceiver / knower / acquirer / owner, 2. relation / action / going / perception / cognition / acquisition / ownership. 3. object / result / destination / perceived / known / acquired / possessions / karma / 5 aggregates / body & speech & mind. And we can generalise this of any type of relation / action, pure or impure.
The three spheres are: The eighteen dhātus – six external bases, six internal bases, and six consciousnesses. Wx. subject / eye-consciousness, relation / eye organ, object / form … the same for the other senses. They function through the five aggregates.
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that
there are no real three spheres – subjects / beings, relations / actions, objects / phenomena –, no real difference / separation / relation / opposition between them; or complete absence of those.
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
the inconceivable Union of the three spheres [U3S / Uopp-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
That they are not really different / independent / separate / in opposition, but more like equal / inseparable / independent, co-defined / co-relative / co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving / co-ceasing / co-transcended / in harmony – in the non-dual sense of those terms: not this, not non-this, not both together, not neither.
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing
the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths about the three spheres [U2T-3S] free from all extremes & middle.
That they are like a Union of being empty of inherent existence, not really existent / functional / caused [T2] <==> because of being conventionally dependently co-arisen (interdependent) relatively functional ever-changing impermanent appearances [T1], merely labeled / imputed by the mind in dependence of its conditioning / karma [U3S], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / useless / meaningless. And vice versa; one aspect / truth implies / proves / enables the other (<==>) [U2T]. They could be co-dependent / interdependent with their parts & wholes (when applicable), with their causes & conditions & effects (when applicable), with their conceptual opposites (always applicable), and especially co-dependent / co-emergent / co-evolving with the mind merely labeling / imputing them in dependence of its conditioning / karma (individual, collective, cosmic) [U3S = karmic cycle].
Awakening / buddhahood is directly perceiving / realising / experiencing that they are:
not really existent / functional / caused / real [T2], not completely non-existent / non-functional / non-caused / unreal [T1], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth – in the three times;
not different / separate / multiple / dual / unequal, not identical / united / one / non-dual / equal, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not permanent / continuous / eternal, not impermanent / discontinuous, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not dependent, not independent, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not empty, not non-empty, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not dependently arisen [T1], not empty of inherent existence [T2], not both together [2T], not neither [1T], and there is no fifth;
not arising / existing / real / acting / changing / ceasing, not non-arising / non-existing / unreal / non-acting / non-changing / non-ceasing, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened, not timely / unequal / impure / imperfect / ordinary / incomplete / bounded / unenlightened, not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth;
not 'this', not 'non-this', not both together, not neither, and there is no fifth – for what ever 'this' is.
Meaning their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now is indescribable / inconceivable, beyond all extremes & middle, beyond all dualistic conceptual proliferations, beyond all defining limitations, beyond all conditioning / karma.
Meaning it has to be personally spontaneously non-dualistically non-conceptually directly perceived / realised / experienced in the here & now.
Meaning there is no independent / universal / absolute / inherently existing basis to discriminate / differentiate them in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / intersubjectively.
Meaning there is nothing to accept, nothing to reject in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively.
So we may as well consider them as 'the same / equal / one' as a temporary imperfect antidote to our usual positions.
Meaning we may as well consider them as primordially timeless / equal / pure / perfect / divine / complete / free / enlightened / the inseparable three pure kayas / the true Buddha.
Everything is the inconceivable Ground / Basis / Source / U2T and its inseparable uninterrupted spontaneous natural pristine manifestations [UGM].
So, it is not about accepting one sphere while rejecting the others, nor any other combination, not about accepting all spheres, not about rejecting all spheres.
It is not about accepting one or two or three spheres in absolute terms while rejecting the others, not about rejecting all spheres completely in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively depending on the situation. The Middle Way in everything..
.
Awakening / buddhahood is acting / perceiving / knowing without acting / perceiving / knowing the skandhas, ayatana, dhatu, the three spheres, apparent opposites, the two truths … without any grasping / attachment / obsession / fixation / reification / reference points; without falling for any extremes or middle; without accepting / affirming / seeking / adding / doing anything in absolute terms, without rejecting / negating / abandoning / eliminating / subtracting / not-doing anything in absolute terms, just conventionally / relatively / inter-subjectively; with full awareness of their true nature & dynamic as it is here & now [U2T]; acting more and more in accord with the inconceivable Union of the Two Truths [U2T]; acting with the perfection of compassion and wisdom together.]

[Goto TOC]

"Mañjuśrī, for those who have attachment to form, the eye is attachment.
Knowing the nature of form (object) and of the eye (subject & relation / action) is non-attachment. [U3S / U2T-3S] [B]

"For those who have attachment to views, one's own body is attachment.
For those who have done away with [transcended] all views [i.e. not accepting, not rejecting],
the awareness of one's body's [true nature & dynamic] natural emptiness [U2T] [A] is non-attachment [F].

"For those who are stuck in their attachment to improper mental placement, the appearance of dharmas is attachment.
Discerning the dharmas through proper mental placement, the awareness of emptiness by nature and emptiness of essence [U2T] is non-attachment.

"For those who are stuck in their attachment to the stain of doubt, liberation is attachment.
The authentic awareness of belief and liberation is non-attachment.

"For those who are stuck in their attachment to the stain of laziness, having present diligence toward realization is attachment.
The realization of dharmas as they are [U2T] [A] is non-attachment [F].

"For those who are stuck in their attachment to the hindrances, the limbs of awakening are attachment.
Liberation through unobstructed awareness is non-attachment [F].

"Being by nature completely pure, all dharmas occur due to an assemblage of causes and conditions.
With respect to that, a bodhisattva should understand well the cause of affliction and the cause of purification.
He should neither abide with the purity of the cause of affliction, nor with the purity of the cause of purification.

"Elevating self is a cause of affliction.
Forbearance in one's engagement with the selflessness of dharmas is a cause of purification.

"The view of 'I' and 'mine' is a cause of affliction.
Inner pacification and outer non-movement is a cause of purification.

"Thoughts of desire, ill will, and harm are a cause of affliction.
Forbearance in one's dealings with impure things, in one's practice of friendliness, compassion, rejoicing, equanimity, and with dependent dharmas, is a cause of purification.

"The four distortions are a cause of affliction.
The four placements of mindfulness are a cause of purification.

"The five hindrances are a cause of affliction.
The five faculties are a cause of purification.

"The six entrances are a cause of affliction.
The six remembrances are a cause of purification.

"The seven false dharmas are a cause of affliction.
The seven limbs of awakening are a cause of purification.

"The eight wrong modes are a cause of affliction.
The eight right modes are a cause of purification.

"The nine causes of antagonism are a cause of affliction.
The absorptions into nine successive abodes are a cause of purification.

"The ten unwholesome courses of karma are a cause of affliction.
The ten wholesome courses of karma are a cause of purification.

"In brief, all unwholesome mental engagements are a cause of affliction;
all wholesome mental engagements are a cause of purification.

"In that respect, whether causes of affliction or of purification, all dharmas are by nature [genuinely-]empty [U2T] [A], without a sentient being, without a living being, without one who nourishes, without a soul or a person, without a master, without appropriation, without activity, comparable to an illusion [H], without characteristics, pacified from within.

"Moreover, pacified from within they are utterly pacified.
Utterly pacified, they are their intrinsic nature.
Their intrinsic nature is not being perceived.
Not being perceived is to have no abode.
That which has no abode is thatness.
Thatness is space.
One cognizes all dharmas as the same as space.
One engages conventionally in the purification of afflictions, yet does not abandon the dharmatā of space.